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Title 40—Protection of Environment–Volume 33

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Title 40—Protection of Environment–Volume 33


Part


chapter i—Environmental Protection Agency (Continued)

700

CHAPTER I—ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)

SUBCHAPTER R—TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT

PART 700—GENERAL


Authority:15 U.S.C. 2625 and 2665, 44 U.S.C. 3504.


Source:53 FR 31252, Aug. 17, 1988, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A—Addresses


Source:77 FR 46292, Aug. 3, 2012, unless otherwise noted.

§ 700.17 Addresses for the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.

The official addresses, unless otherwise noted, are as follows:


(a) Correspondence and non-docket materials—(1) United States Postal Service mailing address. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (7401M), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.


(2) Hand/courier delivery address. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA East Bldg., 1201 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20004. This is not a mailing address. You must make arrangements with the person receiving your delivery.


(b) Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics Docket (OPPT Docket)—(1) Electronic docket address. Publicly available docket materials are available in the electronic docket at http://www.regulations.gov. Although listed in the docket index at regulations.gov, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only at the OPPT Docket.


(2) Physical location. Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), Environmental Protection Agency, EPA West Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001. The telephone number for the OPPT Docket is (202) 566-0280. This is not a mailing address. For instructions on visiting the docket, go to http://www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.htm.


(3) United States Postal Service mailing address. Document Control Office (7407M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.


(4) Hand/courier delivery address. Document Control Office, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA East Bldg., Rm. 6428, 1201 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC. Deliveries are only accepted between 8:30 a.m. and 4 p.m., and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. The telephone number for the Document Control Office is (202) 564-8930.


Subpart B [Reserved]

Subpart C—Fees

§ 700.40 Purpose and applicability.

(a) Purpose. The purpose of this subpart is to establish and collect fees from manufacturers and processors to defray part of EPA’s cost of administering the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2601-2692), as amended by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (Pub. L. 114-182).


(b) Applicability. This subpart applies to all manufacturers who are required to submit information under section 4 of the Act, who submit certain notices and exemption requests to EPA under section 5 of the Act, who manufacture a chemical substance that is subject to a risk evaluation under TSCA section 6(b)(4) of the Act, and who process a chemical substance that is the subject of a Significant New Use Notice (SNUN) or Test Market Exemption (TME) under section 5 of the Act and who are required to submit information under section 4 of the Act related to a SNUN submission.


(c) Effective date. After October 18, 2018, all persons specified in § 700.45 and paragraph (a) of this section must comply with this subpart.


[83 FR 52713, Oct. 17, 2018]


§ 700.41 Radon user fees.

User fees relating to radon proficiency programs authorized under the Toxic Substances Control Act appear at 40 CFR part 195.


[59 FR 13177, Mar. 18, 1994]


§ 700.43 Definitions applicable to this subpart.

Definitions in section 3 of the Act (15 U.S.C. 2602), as well as definitions contained in §§ 704.3, 720.3, 723.175(b), 725.3, and 790.3 of this chapter, apply to this subpart unless otherwise specified in this section. In addition, the following definitions apply:


Consolidated microbial commercial activity notice or consolidated MCAN means any MCAN submitted to EPA that covers more than one microorganism (each being assigned a separate MCAN number by EPA) as a result of a prenotice agreement with EPA.


Consolidated premanufacture notice or consolidated PMN means any PMN submitted to EPA that covers more than one chemical substance (each being assigned a separate PMN number by EPA) as a result of a prenotice agreement with EPA (See 48 FR 21734).


Consortium means an association of manufacturers and/or processors who have made an agreement to jointly split the cost of applicable fees.


Enforceable consent agreement means a consent agreement used by EPA to accomplish testing where a consensus exists among EPA and interested parties (as identified in § 790.22(b)(2)) concerning the need for and scope of testing under section 4 of the Act.


EPA-initiated risk evaluation means any risk evaluation conducted pursuant to section 6(b)(4)(C)(i) of the Act.


Exemption notice means any notice submitted to EPA under § 723.175 of this chapter.


Final product means a new chemical substance (as “new chemical substance” is defined in § 720.3 of this chapter) that is manufactured by a person for distribution in commerce, or for use by the person other than as an intermediate.


Joint submitters mean two or more persons who submit a TSCA section 5 notice together.


Manufacturer-requested risk evaluation means any chemical substance risk evaluation conducted at the request of one or more manufacturers of that chemical substance pursuant to section 6(b)(4)(C)(ii) of the Act.


Microbial commercial activity notice or MCAN means any notice for microorganisms submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1) of the Act in accordance with subpart D of part 725 of this chapter.


Person means a manufacturer or processor.


Premanufacture notice or PMN means any notice submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1)(A) of the Act in accordance with part 720 of this chapter or § 723.250 of this chapter.


Principal sponsor means a person who assumes primary responsibility for the direction of study, the payment of fees to EPA, and for oral and written communication with EPA.


Production volume means manufactured (including imported) amount in pounds.


Risk evaluation means any risk evaluation conducted pursuant to section 6(b) of the Act.


Section 5 notice means any PMN, consolidated PMN, intermediate PMN, significant new use notice, exemption notice, exemption application, any MCAN or consolidated MCAN submitted under section 5 of the Act.


Significant new use notice or SNUN means any notice submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1)(B) of the Act in accordance with part 721 of this chapter.


Small business concern means a manufacturer or processor who meets the size standards identified in the following table. The number of employees indicates the maximum allowed for a manufacturer or processor to be considered small. If the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of a manufacturer or processor is not represented in the table, it will be considered small if it has 500 or fewer employees. When calculating the number of employees, a manufacturer or processor must include the employees of all of its “parent companies” (if any) and all companies it “owns or controls,” as defined by 40 CFR 704.3. The number of employees are calculated as the average number of people employed for each pay period of the business’ latest 12 calendar months, regardless of hours worked or temporary status.


Potentially affected NAICS
NAICS description
Small business concern size standards

(number of employees)
324110Petroleum Refineries1,500 or fewer.
325110Petrochemical Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325120Industrial Gas Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325130Synthetic Dye and Pigment Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325180Other Basic Inorganic Chemical Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325193Ethyl Alcohol Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325194Cyclic Crude, Intermediate, and Gum and Wood Chemical Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325199All Other Basic Organic Chemical Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325211Plastics Material and Resin Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325212Synthetic Rubber Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325220Artificial and Synthetic Fibers and Filaments Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325311Nitrogenous Fertilizer Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325312Phosphatic Fertilizer Manufacturing750 or fewer.
325314Fertilizer (Mixing Only) Manufacturing500 or fewer.
325320Pesticide and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325411Medicinal and Botanical Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325412Pharmaceutical Preparation Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325413InVitro Diagnostic Substance Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325414Biological Product (except Diagnostic) Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325510Paint and Coating Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325520Adhesive Manufacturing500 or fewer.
325611Soap and Other Detergent Manufacturing1,000 or fewer.
325612Polish and Other Sanitation Good Manufacturing750 or fewer.
325613Surface Active Agent Manufacturing750 or fewer.
325620Toilet Preparation Manufacturing1,250 or fewer.
325910Printing Ink Manufacturing500 or fewer.
325920Explosives Manufacturing750 or fewer.
325991Custom Compounding of Purchased Resins500 or fewer.
325992Photographic Film, Paper, Plate and Chemical Manufacturing1,500 or fewer.
325998All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing500 or fewer.
424690Other Chemical and Allied Products Merchant Wholesalers150 or fewer.
424710Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals200 or fewer.
424720Petroleum and Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers (except Bulk Stations and Terminals)200 or fewer.

Small quantities solely for research and development (or “small quantities solely for purposes of scientific experimentation or analysis or chemical research on, or analysis of, such substance or another substance, including such research or analysis for the development of a product”) means quantities of a chemical substance manufactured (including imported), or processed or proposed to be manufactured (including imported), or processed solely for research and development that are not greater than reasonably necessary for such purposes.


Test order means an order to develop information pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act.


Test rule refers to a regulation requiring the development of information pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act.


[53 FR 31252, Aug. 17, 1988, as amended at 62 FR 17931, Apr. 11, 1997; 83 FR 52713, Oct. 17, 2018; 89 FR 12974, Feb. 21, 2024]


§ 700.45 Fee payments.

(a) Persons who must pay fees. (1) Manufacturers submitting a TSCA section 5 notice to EPA shall remit for each such notice the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section in accordance with the procedures in paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section.


(2) Manufacturers and processors of chemical substances and mixtures required to submit information for these chemical substances and mixtures under a TSCA section 4(a) test order or enforceable consent agreement, or manufacturers of chemical substances and mixtures required to submit information for these chemical substance and mixtures under a TSCA section 4(a) test rule, shall remit for each such test rule, order, or enforceable consent agreement the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section in accordance with the procedures in paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section. Manufacturers of a chemical substance subject to a test rule under TSCA section 4(a) are exempted from fee payment requirements in this section, if they meet one or more of the exemptions under this paragraphs (a)(2)(i) through (v) of this section on or after the certification cutoff date identified in paragraph (b)(6) of this section and do not conduct manufacturing outside of those exemptions after the certification cutoff dates or if they meet the exemptions under paragraph (a)(2)(vi) of this section for the five-year period preceding publication of the preliminary list and do not conduct manufacturing outside of that exemption during the five-year period preceding publication of the preliminary list; and the exemptions are only available if the manufacturer will meet one or more of the exemptions in this paragraph (a)(2)(i) through (vi) in the successive five years; and will not conduct manufacturing outside of the exemptions in paragraphs (a)(2)(i) through (v) of this section in the successive five years or will meet the exemption in paragraph (a)(2)(vi) of this section in the successive five years:


(i) Import articles containing that chemical substance;


(ii) Produce that chemical substance as a byproduct that is not later used for commercial purposes or distributed for commercial use;


(iii) Manufacture that chemical substance as an impurity as defined in 40 CFR 704.3;


(iv) Manufacture that chemical substance as a non-isolated intermediate as defined in 40 CFR 704.3;


(v) Manufacture small quantities of that chemical substance solely for research and development, as defined in 40 CFR 700.43; or


(vi) Manufacture that chemical substance in quantities below a 1,100 lbs annual production volume as described in § 700.43, unless all manufacturers of that chemical substance manufacture that chemical in quantities below a 1,100 lbs annual production volume as defined in § 700.43, in which case this exemption is not applicable.


(3) Manufacturers of a chemical substance that is subject to a risk evaluation under section 6(b) of the Act, shall remit for each such chemical risk evaluation the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section in accordance with the procedures in paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section. Manufacturers of a chemical substance subject to risk evaluation under section 6(b) of the Act are exempted from fee payment requirements in this section, if they meet one or more of the exemptions under paragraphs (a)(3)(i) through (v) of this section on or after the certification cutoff date identified in paragraph (b)(6)(i) of this section and do not conduct manufacturing outside of those exemptions after the certification cutoff dates or if they meet the exemptions under paragraph (a)(3)(vi) of this section for the five-year period preceding publication of the preliminary list and do not conduct manufacturing outside of that exemption during the five-year period preceding publication of the preliminary list; and the exemptions are only available if the manufacturer will meet one or more of the exemptions in paragraphs (a)(3)(i) through (vi) of this section in the successive five years and will not conduct manufacturing outside of the exemptions in paragraphs (a)(3)(i) through (v) of this section in the successive five years or will meet the exemption in paragraph (a)(3)(vi) of this section in the successive five years:


(i) Import articles containing that chemical substance;


(ii) Produce that chemical substance as a byproduct that is not later used for commercial purposes or distributed for commercial use;


(iii) Manufacture that chemical substance as an impurity as defined in 40 CFR 704.3;


(iv) Manufacture that chemical substance as a non-isolated intermediate as defined in 40 CFR 704.3;


(v) Manufacture small quantities of that chemical substance solely for research and development, as defined in § 700.43; or


(vi) manufacture that chemical substance in quantities below a 2,500 lbs annual production volume as described in § 700.43, unless all manufacturers of that chemical substance manufacture that chemical in quantities below a 2,500 lbs annual production volume as defined in § 700.43, in which case this exemption is not applicable.


(4) Processors submitting a SNUN or TME under TSCA section 5 to EPA shall remit for each such notice the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section in accordance with the procedures in paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section.


(5) Processors of chemical substances and mixtures subject to a TSCA section 4(a) test rule, test order, or enforceable consent agreement in association with a SNUN submission referenced in paragraph (a)(4) of this section shall remit for each such test rule, order, or enforceable consent agreement the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section in accordance with the procedures in paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section.


(b) Identifying manufacturers subject to fees—(1) In general. For purposes of identifying manufacturers subject to fees for section 4 test rules and section 6 EPA-initiated risk evaluations, EPA will publish a preliminary list of manufacturers identified through a review of data sources described in paragraph (b)(2) of this subsection; provide an opportunity for public comment; and publish a final list specifying the manufacturers responsible for payment.


(2) Data sources. To compile the preliminary list, EPA will rely on information submitted to the Agency (such as the information submitted under sections 5(a), 8(a), 8(b), and to the Toxics Release Inventory) as well as other information available to the Agency, including publicly available information or information submitted to other agencies to which EPA has access. To be able to include the most recent CDR data and to account for annual or other typical fluctuations in manufacturing, EPA will use the five most recent years of data submitted or available to the Agency to develop the preliminary list.


(3) Publication of preliminary list. (i) For risk evaluations initiated by EPA under section 6, the preliminary list will be published at the time of final designation of the chemical substance as a High-Priority Substance.


(ii) For test rules under section 4, the preliminary list will be published with the proposed test rule.


(4) Public comment period. Following publication of the preliminary list, EPA will provide a period of public comment that is no less than 30 days.


(5) Self-identification. All manufacturers other than those listed in paragraphs (a)(2)(i) through (iii) and (a)(3)(i) through (iii) of this section who have manufactured (including imported) the chemical substance in the previous five years must submit notice to EPA, irrespective of whether they are included in the preliminary list specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section. The notice must be submitted electronically via EPA’s Central Data Exchange (CDX), the Agency’s electronic reporting portal, using the Chemical Information Submission System (CISS) reporting tool, and must contain the following information:


(i) Contact information. The name and address of the submitting company, the name and address of the authorized official for the submitting company, and the name and telephone number of a person who will serve as technical contact for the submitting company and who will be able to answer questions about the information submitted by the company to EPA.


(ii) Certification of cessation. If a manufacturer has manufactured in the five-year period preceding publication of the preliminary list but has ceased manufacture prior to the certification cutoff dates identified in paragraph (b)(6) of this section and will not manufacture the substance again in the successive five years, the manufacturer may submit a certification statement attesting to these facts. If EPA receives such a certification statement from a manufacturer, the manufacturer will not be included in the final list of manufacturers described in paragraph (b)(7) of this section and will not be obligated to pay the fee under this section.


(iii) Certification of no manufacture. If a manufacturer is identified on the preliminary list but has not manufactured the chemical in the five-year period preceding publication of the preliminary list, the manufacturer may submit a certification statement attesting to these facts. If EPA receives such a certification statement from a manufacturer, the manufacturer will not be included in the final list of manufacturers described in paragraph (b)(7) of this section and will not be obligated to pay the fee under this section.


(iv) Certification of meeting exemption. If a manufacturer is identified on the preliminary list and exclusively meets one or more of the exemptions as described in paragraph (a)(2) or (a)(3) of this section, the manufacturer must submit a certification statement attesting to these facts in order to not be included in the final list of manufacturers described in paragraph (b)(7) of this section. If a manufacturer is not on a preliminary list and exclusively meets one or more of the exemptions as described in paragraph (a)(2) or (a)(3) of this section, the manufacturer may submit a certification statement attesting to these facts. If EPA receives such a certification statement from a manufacturer, the manufacturer will not be included in the final list of manufacturers described in paragraph (b)(7) of this section and will not be obligated to pay the fee under this section, unless all manufacturers of that chemical substance meet the exemption as described in (a)(2)(vi) or (a)(3)(vi) of this section.


(v) Production volume. If a manufacturer has not submitted certification of cessation, as described in paragraph (b)(5)(ii) of this section, or certification of no manufacture, as described in paragraph (b)(5)(iii) of this section, for purposes of identifying manufacturers subject to fees for TSCA section 6 EPA-initiated risk evaluations and does not meet one or more of the exemptions in paragraph (a)(3)(i) through (v) of this section, the manufacturer must submit their production volume as defined in 40 CFR 700.43 for the applicable substance for the three calendar years prior to publication of the preliminary list. Only production volume reported to EPA prior to the final list being published will be used in determining fees described in § 700.45(f).


(6) Certification cutoff date. (i) For a section 6 EPA-initiated risk evaluation, the cutoff date for purposes of paragraph (b)(5)(ii) of this section is the day prior to initiation of the prioritization process for the applicable chemical substance.


(ii) For a section 4 test rule, the cutoff date for purposes of paragraph (b)(5)(ii) of this section is the day prior to publication of the proposed test rule for the applicable chemical substance.


(7) Publication of final list. EPA expects to publish a final list of manufacturers to identify the specific manufacturers subject to the applicable fee. This list will indicate if additional manufacturers self-identified pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) of this section, if other manufacturers were identified through credible public comment, and if manufacturers submitted certification of cessation, no manufacture, or meeting exemption pursuant to paragraph (b)(5)(ii), (iii), or (iv) of this section. The final list will be published no later than concurrently with the final scope document for risk evaluations initiated by EPA under TSCA section 6, and with the final test rule for test rules under TSCA section 4. EPA may modify the list after the publication of the final list.


(8) Effect of final list. Manufacturers who are listed on the final list are subject to the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section.


(9) Identifying manufacturers for other fee categories. For Section 4 Test Orders and enforceable consent agreements, and Section 6 Manufacturer-Requested Risk Evaluations, EPA will not conduct the identification process described in paragraphs (b)(1) through (8) of this section, as manufacturers self-identify through a submission or are already otherwise known to Agency. However, those manufacturers are required to provide an information submission to EPA for the purposes of fee administration. The notice must be submitted electronically via the Agency’s electronic reporting software (e.g., Central Data Exchange (CDX)) and must contain the manufacturers: Full name, address, telephone number and email address. Timing of this submission must be as follows:


(i) For section 4 test orders and enforceable consent agreements, the informational submission in this paragraph (b)(9) must be provided within 30 days following notification from EPA.


(ii) For section 6 manufacturer-requested risk evaluations, the informational submission in this paragraph (b)(9) is required as part of the procedural process for making such requests, and must be completed at the time of making the request.


(10) Recordkeeping. After April 22, 2024:


(i) All manufacturers other than those listed in paragraph (a)(2)(i) through (v) or (a)(3)(i) through (v) of this section must maintain production volume records related to compliance with paragraph (b)(5)(v) of this section. These records must be maintained for a period of five years from the date notice is submitted pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) of this section.


(ii) Those manufacturers that are exempt from fee payment requirements pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)(iv) or (a)(3)(iv) of this section must maintain manufacturing and other business records related to compliance with the exemption criteria described in paragraph (a)(2)(iv) or (a)(3)(iv) of this section, respectively. These records must be maintained for a period of five years from the date the notice is submitted pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) of this section.


(iii) Those manufacturers that are exempt from fee payment requirements pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)(v) or (a)(3)(v) of this section must maintain manufacturing and other business records related to compliance with the exemption criteria described in paragraph (a)(2)(v) or (a)(3)(v) of this section, respectively, such as production volume, plans of study, information from research and development notebooks, study reports, or notice solely for research and development use. These records must be maintained for a period of five years from the date the notice is submitted pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) of this section.


(iv) Those manufacturers that are exempt from fee payment requirements pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)(vi) or (a)(3)(vi) of this section must maintain production volume records related to compliance with the exemption criteria described in paragraph (a)(2)(vi) or (a)(3)(vi) of this section, respectively. These records must be maintained for a period of five years from the date the notice is submitted pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) of this section.


(c) Fees for the 2024, 2025, and 2026 fiscal years. Persons shall remit fee payments to EPA as follows:


(1) Small business concerns. Small business concerns shall remit fees as follows:


(i) Premanufacture notice and consolidated premanufacture notice. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $6,480 for each premanufacture notice (PMN) or consolidated PMN submitted in accordance with part 720 of this chapter.


(ii) Significant new use notice. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $6,480 for each significant new use notice (SNUN) submitted in accordance with part 721 of this chapter.


(iii) Exemption application. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $2,180 for each of the following exemption requests submitted under TSCA section 5:


(A) Low releases and low exposures exemption or LoREX request submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1) of the Act in accordance with § 723.50(a)(1)(ii) of this chapter.


(B) Low volume exemption or LVE request submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1) of the Act in accordance with § 723.50(a)(1)(i) of this chapter.


(C) Test marketing exemption or TME application submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5 of the Act in accordance with §§ 725.300 through 725.355 of this chapter.


(D) TSCA experimental release application or TERA application submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5 of the Act for research and development activities involving microorganisms in accordance with §§ 725.200 through 725.260 of this chapter.


(E) Tier II exemption application submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5 of the Act in accordance with §§ 725.428 through 725.455 of this chapter.


(iv) Instant photographic film article exemption notice. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $2,180 for each instant photographic film article exemption notice submitted in accordance with § 723.175 of this chapter.


(v) Microbial commercial activity notice and consolidated microbial commercial activity notice. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $6,480 for each microbial commercial activity notice (MCAN) or consolidated MCAN submitted in accordance with §§ 725.25 through 725.36 of this chapter.


(vi) Persons shall remit a total of twenty percent of the applicable fee under paragraph (c)(2)(vi), (vii) or (viii) of this section for a test rule, test order, or enforceable consent agreement.


(vii) Persons shall remit a total fee of twenty percent of the applicable fee under paragraphs (c)(2)(ix) of this section for an EPA-initiated risk evaluation.


(viii) Persons shall remit the total fee under paragraph (c)(2)(x) or (xi) of this section, as applicable, for a manufacturer-requested risk evaluation.


(2) Others. Persons other than small business concerns shall remit fees as follows:


(i) PMN and consolidated PMN. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $37,000 for each PMN or consolidated PMN submitted in accordance with part 720 of this chapter.


(ii) SNUN. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $37,000 for each significant new use notice submitted in accordance with part 721 of this chapter.


(iii) Exemption applications. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $10,870 for each of the following exemption requests, and modifications to previous exemption requests, submitted under section 5 of the Act:


(A) Low releases and low exposures exemption or LoREX request submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1) of the Act in accordance with § 723.50(a)(1)(ii) of this chapter.


(B) Low volume exemption or LVE request submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5(a)(1) of the Act in accordance with § 723.50(a)(1)(i) of this chapter.


(C) Test marketing exemption or TME application submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5 of the Act in accordance with §§ 725.300 through 725.355 of this chapter, unless the submitting company has graduated from EPA’s Sustainable Futures program, in which case this exemption fee is waived.


(D) TSCA experimental release application or TERA application submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5 of the Act for research and development activities involving microorganisms in accordance with §§ 725.200 through 725.260 of this chapter.


(E) Tier II exemption application submitted to EPA pursuant to section 5 of the Act in accordance with §§ 725.428 through 725.455 of this chapter.


(iv) Instant photographic film article exemption notice. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $10,870 for each exemption notice submitted in accordance with § 723.175 of this chapter.


(v) MCAN and consolidated MCAN. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $37,000 for each MCAN or consolidated MCAN submitted in accordance with §§ 725.25 through 725.36 of this chapter.


(vi) Test rule. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $50,000 for each test rule.


(vii) Test order. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $25,000 for each test order.


(viii) Enforceable consent agreement. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $50,000 for each enforceable consent agreement.


(ix) EPA-initiated chemical risk evaluation. Persons shall remit a fee totaling $4,287,000.


(x) Manufacturer-requested risk evaluation of a Work Plan Chemical. Persons shall remit an initial fee of $1,414,924, a second payment of $1,414,924, and final payment to total 50% of the actual costs of this activity, in accordance with the procedures in paragraph (g) of this section. The final payment amount will be determined by EPA, and invoice issued to the requesting manufacturer.


(xi) Manufacturer-requested risk evaluation of a non-work plan chemical. Persons shall remit an initial fee of $2,829,847, a second payment of $2,829,847, and final payment to total 100% of the actual costs of the activity, in accordance with the procedures in paragraph (g) of this section. The final payment amount will be determined by EPA, and invoice issued to the requesting manufacturer.


(d) Fees for 2026 fiscal year and beyond. (1) Fees for the 2026 and later fiscal years will be adjusted on a three-year cycle by multiplying the fees in paragraph (c) of this section by the current PPI index value with a base year of 2024 using the following formula:


FA = F × I


Where:

FA = the inflation-adjusted future year fee amount.

F = the fee specified in paragraph (c) of this section.

I = Producer Price Index for Chemicals and Allied Products inflation value with 2024 as a base year.

(2) Updated fee amounts for PMNs, SNUNs, MCANs, exemption notices, exemption applications, and manufacturer-requested risk evaluation requests apply to submissions received by the Agency on or after October 1 of every three-year fee adjustment cycle beginning in fiscal year 2024 (October 1, 2023). Updated fee amounts also apply to test rules, test orders, enforceable consent agreements and EPA-initiated risk evaluations that are “noticed” on or after October 1 of every three-year fee adjustment cycle, beginning in fiscal year 2026.


(3) The Agency will initiate public consultation through notice-and-comment rulemaking prior to making fee adjustments beyond inflation. If it is determined that no additional adjustment is necessary beyond for inflation, EPA will provide public notice of the inflation-adjusted fee amounts through posting to the Agency’s web page by the beginning of each three-year fee adjustment cycle (October 1, 2026, October 1, 2029, etc.). If the Agency determines that adjustments beyond inflation are necessary, EPA will provide public notice of that determination and the process to be followed to make those adjustments.


(e) No fee required. Persons are exempt from remitting any fee for Tier I exemption submissions under § 725.424 and polymer exemption reports submitted under § 723.250 of this chapter.


(f) Multiple parties, including joint submitters and consortia. (1) Joint submitters of a TSCA section 5 notice are required to remit the applicable fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section for each section 5 notice submitted. Only one fee is required for each submission, regardless of the number of joint submitters for that notice. To qualify for the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, each joint submitter of a TSCA section 5 notice must qualify as a small business concern under § 700.43 of this chapter.


(2) Any consortium formed to split the cost of the applicable fee under section 4 of the Act is required to remit the appropriate fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section for each test rule, test order, or enforceable consent agreement regardless of the number of manufacturers and/or processors in that consortium. For the consortium to qualify for the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, each person in the consortium must qualify as a small business concern under § 700.43 of this chapter. Failure to submit fee payment pursuant to this paragraph, or to provide notice of failure to reach agreement pursuant to paragraph (f)(2)(v) of this section constitutes a violation by each consortium member.


(i) The consortium must identify a principal sponsor and provide notification to EPA that a consortium has formed. The notification must be accomplished within 90 days of the publication date of a test rule under section 4 of the Act, or within 90 days of the effective date of a test order under section 4 of the Act, or within 90 days of the signing of an enforceable consent agreement under section 4 of the Act. EPA may permit additional entities to join an existing consortium after the expiration of the notification period if the principal sponsor provides updated notification.


(ii) Notification must be submitted electronically via the Agency’s electronic reporting software—Central Data Exchange (CDX)—and include the following information:


(A) Full name, address, telephone number and signature of principal sponsor;


(B) Name(s) and contact information for each manufacturer and/or processor associating with the consortium.


(iii) It is up to the consortium to determine how fees will be split among the persons in the consortium.


(iv) Consortia are strongly encouraged to set lower fees for small business concerns participating in the consortium.


(v) If a consortium is unable to come to terms on how fees will be split among the persons in the consortium, the principal sponsor must notify EPA in writing before the end of the notification period in paragraph (f)(2)(i) of this section.


(vi) If a consortium provides notice to EPA under paragraph (f)(2)(v) of this section that they failed to reach agreement on payment, EPA will assess fees to all persons as individuals described under paragraph (f)(4) of this section.


(3) Any consortium formed to split the cost of the applicable fee supporting a risk evaluation under section 6(b) of the Act is required to remit the appropriate fee identified in paragraph (c) of this section for each risk evaluation, regardless of the number of manufacturers in that consortium. For the consortium to qualify for the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1)(vii) of this section, each person in the consortium must qualify as a small business concern under § 700.43 of this chapter. Failure to provide notice or submit fee payment pursuant to this paragraph (f)(3) constitutes a violation by each consortium member.


(i) Notification must be provided to EPA that a consortium has formed. The notification must be accomplished within 90 days of the publication of the final scope of a chemical risk evaluation under section 6(b)(4)(D) of the Act or within 90 days of EPA providing notification to a manufacturer that a manufacturer-requested risk evaluation has been granted. EPA may permit additional entities to join an existing consortium after the expiration of the notification period if the principal sponsor provides updated notification.


(ii) Notification must be submitted electronically via the Agency’s electronic reporting software—Central Data Exchange (CDX)—and include the following information:


(A) Full name, address, telephone number and signature of principal sponsor;


(B) Name(s) and contact information for each manufacturer and/or processor associating with the consortium.


(iii) It is up to the consortium to determine how fees will be split among the persons in the consortium.


(iv) Consortia are strongly encouraged to set lower fees for small business concerns participating in the consortium.


(v) If a consortium is unable to come to terms on how fees will be split among the persons in the consortium, the principal sponsor must notify EPA in writing before the end of the notification period in paragraph (f)(3)(i) of this section.


(vi) If a consortium provides notice to EPA under paragraph (f)(3)(v) of this section that they failed to reach agreement on payment, EPA will assess fees to all persons as individuals as described under paragraph (f)(4) of this section.


(4) If multiple persons are subject to fees triggered by section 4 or 6(b) of the Act and no consortium is formed, EPA will determine the portion of the total applicable fee to be remitted by each person subject to the requirement.


(i) Each person’s share of the applicable fees triggered by section 4 of the Act specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be in proportion to the total number of manufacturers and/or processors of the chemical substance, with lower fees for small businesses:




Where:

Ps = the portion of the fee under paragraph (c) of this section that is owed by a person who qualifies as a small business concern under § 700.43 of this chapter.

Po = the portion of the fee owed by a person other than a small business concern.

F = the total fee required under paragraph (c) of this section.

Mt = the total number of persons subject to the fee requirement.

Ms = the number of persons subject to the fee requirement who qualify as a small business concern.

(ii) Each person’s share of the applicable fees triggered by section 6(b) of the Act specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be in proportion to the total number of manufacturers and their reported production volume as described in § 700.45(b)(v) of the chemical substance, with lower fees for small businesses:



(iii) Remaining manufacturers (i.e., those that do not qualify as a small business concern) are then ranked in ascending order (from lowest to highest) based on reported production volume as described in § 700.45(b)(v). Each remaining manufacturer is assigned a number with 1 for lowest production volume, 2 for second lowest production volume, etc.


Table 1 to Paragraph (f)(4)(iii)—Example of Placing Manufacturers That Do Not Qualify as a Small Business Concern in Ascending Order

Manufacturer(s)
Assigned

No.

(N)

Manufacturer with lowest production volume1
Manufacturer with 2nd lowest production volume2
Manufacturer with 3rd lowest production volume3
. . . etc.



Where:

Ps = the portion of the fee under paragraph (c) of this section that is owed by a person who qualifies as a small business concern under § 700.43 of this chapter.

P≥20th = the portion of the fee owed by a person other than a small business concern in the top 20th percentile.

P = the portion of the fee owed by a person other than a small business concern not in the top 20th percentile.

F = the total fee required under paragraph (c) of this section.

Mt = the total number of persons subject to the fee requirement.

Ms = the number of persons subject to the fee requirement who qualify as a small business concern.

N20th = The assigned number as illustrated in Table 1 to the manufacturer(s) with a production volume as described in 700.45(b)(v) at which the manufacturers with production volume greater than or equal to are in the top 20th percentile.

M≥20th = the total number of persons with production volume as described in 700.45(b)(v) greater than or equal to the manufacturer(s) with a production volume as N20th.

M = the total number of persons with production volume as described in 700.45(b)(v) less than the manufacturer(s) with a production volume as N20th.

Fo = the total fee required under paragraph (c) of this section by all person(s) other than a small business concern.

(iv) In the event there are three or less manufacturers identified for a chemical substance, EPA will distribute the fee evenly among those three or less fee payers, regardless of production volume.


(v) In the event the number assigned to the top 20th percentile is not an integer, EPA will round to the nearest integer to determine the manufacturer(s) with the reported production volume as described in § 700.45(b)(v) greater than or equal to the top 20th percentile.


(vi) In the event multiple manufacturers report the same production volume as described in § 700.45(b)(v) and are greater than or equal to the top 20th percentile, EPA will include all manufacturers with that same production volume in the fee calculation for the top 20th percentile group.


(5) If multiple persons are subject to fees triggered by section 4 of the Act and some inform EPA of their intent to form a consortium while others choose not to associate with the consortium, EPA will take the following steps to allocate fee amounts:


(i) Count the total number of manufacturers, including the number of manufacturers within any consortia; divide the total fee amount by the total number of manufacturers; and allocate equally on a per capita basis to generate a base fee;


(ii) Provide all small businesses who are either not associated with a consortium, or associated with an all- small business consortium, with an 80% discount from the base fee referenced previously;


(iii) Calculate the total remaining fee and total number of remaining manufacturers by subtracting out the discounted fees and the number of small businesses identified;


(iv) Reallocate the remaining fee across those remaining individuals and groups in equal amounts, counting each manufacturer in a consortium as one person; and


(v) Inform consortia and individuals of their requisite fee amount. Small businesses in a successfully-formed consortium, other than a consortium of all small businesses, will not be afforded the 80% discount by EPA, but consortia managers are strongly encouraged to provide a discount for small business concerns.


(6) If multiple persons are subject to fees triggered by section 6(b) of the Act and some inform EPA of their intent to form a consortium while others choose not to associate with the consortium, EPA will take the following steps to allocate fee amounts:


(i) Count the total number of manufacturers, including the number of manufacturers within any consortia; divide the total fee amount by the total number of manufacturers; and allocate equally on a per capita basis to generate a base fee;


(ii) Provide all small businesses who are either not associated with a consortium, or associated with an all-small business consortium, with an 80% discount from the base fee referenced previously;


(iii) Calculate the total remaining fee and total number of remaining manufacturers by subtracting out the discounted fees and the number of small businesses identified;


(iv) Place remaining manufacturers in ascending order (from lowest to highest) based on reported production volume as described in § 700.45(b)(v). Assign each remaining manufacturer a number with 1 for lowest production volume, 2 for second lowest production volume, etc.;


(v) Determine the manufacturer(s) in the top 20th percentile by multiplying the total number of remaining manufacturers by 0.8. then comparing that number to the manufacturer(s) with that assigned number as described in paragraph (f)(6)(iv) of this section;


(vi) Reallocate 80% of the total remaining fee evenly across that manufacturer(s) with a production volume amount equal to or larger than that manufacturer(s) (the top 20th percentile), counting each manufacturer in a consortium as one person;


(vii) Reallocate the remaining fee evenly across the remaining manufacturers, counting each manufacturer in a consortium as one person; and


(viii) Inform consortia and individuals of their requisite fee amount. Small businesses in a successfully formed consortium, other than a consortium of all small businesses, will not be afforded the 80% discount by EPA, but consortia managers are strongly encouraged to provide a discount for small business concerns.


(g) Remittance procedure—(1) Electronic payment. Each remittance under this section shall be paid electronically in U.S. dollars, using one of the electronic payment methods supported by the Department of the Treasury’s Pay.gov online electronic payment service, or any applicable additional or successor online electronic payment service offered by the Department of Treasury.


(2) Fees incurred prior to October 18, 2018. Timing of payment for fees incurred between October 1, 2018 and October 18, 2018. Fees required by paragraph (c) of this section for which the fee-triggering action or event occurred between October 1, 2018, and October 18, 2018 shall be paid in response to invoices EPA will send within 30 days of October 18, 2018.


(3) Fees incurred after October 18, 2018. Timing of payment for fees incurred after October 18, 2018. Fees required by paragraph (c) of this section for which the fee-triggering action or event occurred after October 18, 2018 shall be paid at the following time:


(i) Test orders and test rules. The applicable fee specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be paid in full not later than 180 days after the effective date of a test rule or test order under section 4 of the Act.


(ii) Enforceable consent agreements. The applicable fee specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be paid in full not later than 120 days after the signing of an enforceable consent agreement under section 4 of the Act.


(iii) Section 5 notice. The applicable fee specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be paid in full immediately upon submission of a TSCA section 5 notice.


(iv) Risk evaluations. (A) For EPA-initiated risk evaluations, the applicable fee specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be paid in two installments, with the first payment of 50% due 180 days after publishing the final scope of a risk evaluation and the second payment for the remainder of the fee due 545 days after publishing the final scope of a risk evaluation under section 6(b)(4)(D) of the Act.


(B) For manufacturer-requested risk evaluations under section 6(b)(4)(C)(ii) of the Act, the applicable fees specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be paid as follows:


(1) The applicable fee specified in paragraph (c) of this section shall be paid in three installments. The first payment shall be due no later than 180 days after EPA provides the submitting manufacture(s) notice that it has granted the request.


(2) The second payment shall be due no later than 545 days after EPA provides the submitting manufacturer(s) notice that it has granted the request.


(3) The final payment shall be due no later than 30 days after EPA publishes the final risk evaluation.


(4) Payment identity. (i) Persons who submit a TSCA section 5 notice shall place an identifying number and a payment identity number on the front page of each TSCA section 5 notice submitted. The identifying number must include the letters “TS” followed by a combination of 6 numbers (letters may be substituted for some numbers). The payment identity number may be a “Pay.gov” transaction number used to transmit the fee. The same TS number and the submitter’s name must appear on the corresponding fee remittance under this section. If a remittance applies to more than one TSCA section 5 notice, the person shall include the name of the submitter and a new TS number for each TSCA section 5 notice to which the remittance applies, and the amount of the remittance that applies to each notice.


(ii) Persons who are required to submit a letter of intent to conduct testing per § 790.45 of this chapter shall place a payment identity number on the front page of each letter submitted. The identifying number must include the letters “TS” followed by a combination of 6 numbers (letters may be substituted for some numbers). The payment identity number may be a “Pay.gov” transaction number used to transmit the fee. The same TS number and the submitter’s name must appear on the corresponding fee remittance under this section. If a remittance applies to more than one letter of intent to conduct testing, the person shall include the name of the submitter and a new TS number for each letter of intent to conduct testing to which the remittance applies, and the amount of the remittance that applies to each letter of intent.


(iii) Persons who sign an enforceable consent agreement per § 790.60 of this chapter shall place a payment identity number within the contents of the signed agreement. The identifying number must include the letters “TS” followed by a combination of 6 numbers (letters may be substituted for some numbers). The payment identity number may be a “Pay.gov” transaction number used to transmit the fee. The same TS number and the submitter’s name must appear on the corresponding fee remittance under this section. If a remittance applies to more than one enforceable consent agreement, the party or parties shall include the name of the submitter(s) and a new TS number for each enforceable consent agreement to which the remittance applies, and the amount of the remittance that applies to each enforceable consent agreement.


(5) Small business certification. (i) Each person who remits the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section for a PMN, consolidated PMN, or SNUN shall insert a check mark for the statement, “The company named in part 1, section A is a small business concern under 40 CFR 700.43 and has remitted a fee of $6,480 in accordance with 40 CFR 700.45(c).” under “CERTIFICATION” on page 2 of the Premanufacture Notice for New Chemical Substances (EPA Form 7710-25).


(ii) Each person who remits the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section for a LVE, LoREX, TERA, TME, or Tier II exemption request under TSCA section 5 shall insert a check mark for the statement, “The company named in part 1, section A is a small business concern under 40 CFR 700.43 and has remitted a fee of $2,180 in accordance with 40 CFR 700.45(c).” in the exemption application.


(iii) Each person who remits the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section for an exemption notice under § 723.175 of this chapter shall include the words, “The company or companies identified in this notice is/are a small business concern under 40 CFR 700.43 and has/have remitted a fee of $2,180 in accordance with 40 CFR 700.45(c).” in the certification required in § 723.175(i)(1)(x) of this chapter.


(iv) Each person who remits the fee identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section for a MCAN or consolidated MCAN for a microorganism shall insert a check mark for the statement, “The company named in part 1, section A is a small business concern under 40 CFR 700.43 and has remitted a fee of $6,480 in accordance with 40 CFR 700.45(c).” in the certification required in § 725.25(b) of this chapter.


(6) Payment certification statement. (i) Each person who remits a fee identified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section for a PMN, consolidated PMN, or SNUN shall insert a check mark for the statement, “The company named in part 1, section A has remitted the fee of $37,000 specified in 40 CFR 700.45(c).” under “CERTIFICATION” on page 2 of the Premanufacture Notice for New Chemical Substances (EPA Form 7710-25).


(ii) Each person who remits a fee identified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section for a LVE, LoREX, TERA, TME, or Tier II exemption request under TSCA section 5 shall insert a check mark for the statement, “The company named in part 1, section A has remitted the fee of $10,870 specified in 40 CFR 700.45(c).” in the exemption application.


(iii) Each person who remits the fee identified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section for an exemption notice under § 723.175 of this chapter shall include the words, “The company or companies identified in this notice has/have remitted a fee of $10,870 in accordance with 40 CFR 700.45(c).” in the certification required in § 723.175(i)(1)(x) of this chapter.


(iv) Each person who remits the fee identified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section for a MCAN for a microorganism shall insert a check mark for the statement, “The company named in part 1, section A has remitted the fee of $37,000 in accordance with 40 CFR 700.45(c).” in the certification required in § 725.25(b) of this chapter.


(h) Full fee refunds. EPA will refund, in totality, any fee paid for a section 5 notice whenever the Agency determines:


(1) That the chemical substance that is the subject of a PMN, consolidated PMN, exemption request, or exemption notice, is not a new chemical substance as of the date of submission of the notice,


(2) In the case of a SNUN, that the notice was not required,


(3) That as of the date of submission of the notice: The microorganism that is the subject of a MCAN or consolidated MCAN is not a new microorganism; nor is the use involving the microorganism a significant new use; or


(4) When the Agency fails to make a determination on a notice by the end of the applicable notice review period under § 720.75 or § 725.50 of this chapter, unless the Agency determines that the submitter unduly delayed the process, or


(5) When the Agency fails to approve, or deny an exemption request within the applicable period under § 720.38(d), § 723.50(g), or § 725.50(b) of this chapter, unless the Agency determines that the submitter unduly delayed the process.


(i) Partial fee refunds. (1) If a TSCA section 5 notice is withdrawn during the first 10 business days after the beginning of the applicable review period under § 720.75(a) of this chapter, the Agency will refund all but 25% of the fee as soon as practicable.


(2) Once withdrawn, any future submission related to the TSCA section 5 notice must be submitted as a new notice.


(3) If EPA determines that the initial payment for a manufacturer-requested risk evaluation exceed the applicable fee in paragraph (c) of this section, EPA will refund the difference.


[83 FR 52714, Oct. 17, 2018, as amended at 89 FR 12974, Feb. 21, 2024]


§ 700.49 Failure to remit fees.

(a) EPA will not consider a TSCA section 5 notice to be complete unless the appropriate certification under § 700.45(g) is included and until the appropriate remittance under § 700.45(c) has been submitted as provided in § 700.45(g). EPA will notify the submitter of a section 5 notice that it is incomplete in accordance with §§ 720.65(c) and 725.33(b)(1) of this chapter.


(b) Failure to submit the appropriate remittance specified under § 700.45(c) for a test order, test rule, enforceable consent agreement, or EPA-initiated risk evaluation as provided in § 700.45(g) is a violation of TSCA and enforceable under section 15 of the Act.


(c) EPA will not initiate a manufacturer-requested risk evaluation the request for which the Agency has otherwise determined to be complete unless EPA has determined to grant the request and the appropriate initial remittance under § 700.45(c) has been submitted as provided in § 700.45(g).


(d) Failure to submit the appropriate final remittance specified under § 700.45(c) for a manufacturer-requested risk evaluation as provided in § 700.45(g) is a violation of TSCA and enforceable under section 15 of the Act.


[83 FR 52719, Oct. 17, 2018]


PART 702—GENERAL PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES


Authority:15 U.S.C. 2605 and 2619.



Source:47 FR 2773, Jan. 19, 1982, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A—Procedures for Prioritization of Chemical Substances for Risk Evaluation


Source:82 FR 33762, July 20, 2017, unless otherwise noted.

§ 702.1 General provisions.

(a) Purpose. This regulation establishes the risk-based screening process for designating chemical substances as a High-Priority Substance or a Low-Priority Substance for risk evaluation as required under section 6(b) of the Toxic Substances Control Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. 2605(b)).


(b) Scope of designations. EPA will make priority designations pursuant to these procedures for a chemical substance, not for a specific condition or conditions of uses of a chemical substance.


(c) Categories of chemical substances. Nothing in this subpart shall be interpreted as a limitation on EPA’s authority under 15 U.S.C. 2625(c) to take action, including the actions contemplated in this subpart, on a category of chemical substances.


(d) Prioritization timeframe. The Agency will publish a final priority designation for a chemical substance in no fewer than 9 months and no longer than 1 year following initiation of prioritization pursuant to § 702.7.


(e) Metals or metal compounds. EPA will identify priorities for chemical substances that are metals or metal compounds in accordance with 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(2)(E).


(f) Applicability. These regulations do not apply to any chemical substance for which a manufacturer requests a risk evaluation under 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(C).


(g) Scientific standards and weight of the scientific evidence. EPA’s proposed priority designations under § 702.9 and final priority designations under § 702.11 will be consistent with the scientific standards provision in 15 U.S.C. 2625(h) and the weight of the scientific evidence provision in 15 U.S.C. 2625(i).


(h) Interagency collaboration. EPA will consult with other relevant Federal Agencies during the administration of this subpart.


§ 702.3 Definitions.

For purposes of this subpart, the following definitions apply:


Act means the Toxic Substances Control Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.).


Conditions of use means the circumstances, as determined by the Administrator, under which a chemical substance is intended, known, or reasonably foreseen to be manufactured, processed, distributed in commerce, used, or disposed of.


EPA means the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.


High-priority substance means a chemical substance that EPA determines, without consideration of costs or other non-risk factors, may present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment because of a potential hazard and a potential route of exposure under the conditions of use, including an unreasonable risk to potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations identified as relevant by EPA.


Low-priority substance means a chemical substance that EPA concludes, based on information sufficient to establish, without consideration of costs or other non-risk factors, does not meet the standard for a High-Priority Substance.


Potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulation means a group of individuals within the general population identified by the Administrator who, due to either greater susceptibility or greater exposure, may be at greater risk than the general population of adverse health effects from exposure to a chemical substance or mixture, such as infants, children, pregnant women, workers, or the elderly.


Reasonably available information means information that EPA possesses or can reasonably generate, obtain and synthesize for use, considering the deadlines specified in 15 U.S.C. 2605(b) for prioritization and risk evaluation. Information that meets such terms is reasonably available information whether or not the information is confidential business information that is protected from public disclosure under 15 U.S.C. 2613.


§ 702.4 [Reserved]

§ 702.5 Candidate selection.

(a) General objective. In selecting candidates for a High-Priority Substance designation, it is EPA’s general objective to select those chemical substances with the greatest hazard and exposure potential first, considering reasonably available information on the relative hazard and exposure of potential candidates. In selecting candidates for Low-Priority Substance designation, it is EPA’s general objective to select those chemical substances with hazard and/or exposure characteristics under the conditions of use such that a risk evaluation is not warranted at the time to determine whether the chemical substance presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment, including an unreasonable risk to potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations identified as relevant by EPA.


(b) Available information. EPA expects to ensure that there is reasonably available information to meet the deadlines for prioritization under the Act.


(c) Preferences and TSCA work plan. In selecting a candidate for prioritization as a High-Priority Substance, EPA will:


(1) Give preference to:


(i) Chemical substances that are listed in the 2014 update of the TSCA Work Plan for Chemical Assessments as having a persistence and bioaccumulation score of 3; and


(ii) Chemical substances that are listed in the 2014 update of the TSCA Work Plan for Chemical Assessments that are known human carcinogens and have high acute and chronic toxicity; and


(2) Identify a sufficient number of candidates from the 2014 update of the TSCA Work Plan for Chemical Assessments to ensure that, at any given time, at least 50 percent of risk evaluations being conducted by EPA are drawn from that list until all substances on the list have been designated as either a High-Priority Substance or Low-Priority Substance pursuant to § 702.11.


(d) Purpose. The purpose of the preferences and criteria in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section is to inform EPA’s decision whether or not to initiate the prioritization process pursuant to § 702.7, and the proposed designation of the chemical substance as either a High-Priority Substance or a Low-Priority Substance pursuant to § 702.9.


(e) Insufficient information. If EPA believes it would not have sufficient information for purposes of prioritization, EPA generally expects to obtain the information necessary to inform prioritization prior to initiating the process pursuant to § 702.9, using voluntary means of information gathering and, as necessary, exercising its authorities under the Act in accordance with the requirements of 15 U.S.C. 2603, 15 U.S.C. 2607, and 15 U.S.C. 2610. In exercising its authority under 15 U.S.C. 2603(a)(2), EPA will identify the need for the information in accordance with 15 U.S.C. 2603(a)(3).


§ 702.7 Initiation of prioritization process.

(a) EPA generally expects to initiate the prioritization process for a chemical substance only when it believes that the information necessary to prioritize the substance is reasonably available.


(b) EPA will initiate prioritization by publishing a notice in the Federal Register identifying a chemical substance for prioritization. EPA will include a general explanation in this notice for why it chose to initiate the process on the chemical substance.


(c) The prioritization timeframe in § 702.1(d) begins upon EPA’s publication of the notice described in paragraph (b) of this section.


(d) Publication of the notice in the Federal Register pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section will initiate a period of 90 days during which interested persons may submit relevant information on that chemical substance. Relevant information might include, but is not limited to, any information that may inform the screening review conducted pursuant to § 702.9(a). EPA will open a separate docket for each chemical substance to facilitate receipt of information.


(e) EPA may, in its discretion, extend the public comment period in paragraph (d) of this section for up to three months in order to receive or evaluate information submitted under 15 U.S.C. 2603(a)(2)(B). The length of the extension will be based upon EPA’s assessment of the time necessary for EPA to receive and/or evaluate information submitted under 15 U.S.C. 2603(a)(2)(B).


§ 702.9 Screening review and proposed priority designation.

(a) Screening review. Following the close of the comment period described in § 702.7(d), including any extension pursuant to paragraph (e) of that section, EPA will generally use reasonably available information to screen the candidate chemical substance against the following criteria and considerations:


(1) The chemical substance’s hazard and exposure potential;


(2) The chemical substance’s persistence and bioaccumulation;


(3) Potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations;


(4) Storage of the chemical substance near significant sources of drinking water;


(5) The chemical substance’s conditions of use or significant changes in conditions of use;


(6) The chemical substance’s production volume or significant changes in production volume; and


(7) Other risk-based criteria that EPA determines to be relevant to the designation of the chemical substance’s priority.


(b) Information sources. In conducting the screening review in paragraph (a) of this section, EPA expects to consider sources of information relevant to the listed criteria and consistent with the scientific standards provision in 15 U.S.C. 2625(h), including, as appropriate, sources for hazard and exposure data listed in Appendices A and B of the TSCA Work Plan Chemicals: Methods Document (February 2012).


(c) Proposed designation. Based on the results of the screening review in paragraph (a) of this section, relevant information received from the public as described in § 702.7(d), and other information as appropriate and consistent with 15 U.S.C. 2625(h) and (i), EPA will propose to designate the chemical substance as either a High-Priority Substance or Low-Priority Substance, along with an identification of the information, analysis, and basis used to support the proposed designation.


(d) Costs and non-risk factors. EPA will not consider costs or other non-risk factors in making a proposed priority designation.


(e) Insufficient information. If information remains insufficient to enable the proposed designation of the chemical substance as a Low-Priority Substance after any extension of the initial public comment period pursuant to § 702.7(e), EPA will propose to designate the chemical substance as a High-Priority Substance.


(f) Conditions of use. EPA will propose to designate a chemical substance as a High-Priority Substance based on the proposed conclusion that the chemical substance satisfies the definition of High-Priority Substance in § 702.3 under one or more activities that the Agency determines constitute conditions of use. EPA will propose to designate a chemical substance as a Low-Priority Substance based on the proposed conclusion that the chemical substance meets the definition of Low-Priority Substance in § 702.3 under the activities that the Agency determines constitute conditions of use.


(g) Publication. EPA will publish the proposed designation in the Federal Register, along with an identification of the information, analysis and basis used to support a proposed designation, in a form and manner that EPA deems appropriate, and provide a comment period of 90 days, during which time the public may submit comment on EPA’s proposed designation. EPA will open a docket to facilitate receipt of public comment.


§ 702.11 Final priority designation.

(a) After considering any additional information collected from the proposed designation process in § 702.9, as appropriate, EPA will finalize its designation of a chemical substance as either a High-Priority Substance or a Low-Priority Substance consistent with 15 U.S.C. 2625(h) and (i).


(b) EPA will not consider costs or other non-risk factors in making a final priority designation.


(c) EPA will publish each final priority designation in the Federal Register, along with an identification of the information, analysis, and basis used to support a final designation consistent with 15 U.S.C. 2625(h), (i) and (j). For High-Priority Substance designations, EPA generally expects to indicate which condition(s) of use were the primary basis for such designations.


(d) As required in 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(3)(C), EPA will finalize a designation for at least one High-Priority Substance for each risk evaluation it completes, other than a risk evaluation that was requested by a manufacturer pursuant to subpart B of this part. The obligation in 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(3)(C) will be satisfied by the designation of at least one High-Priority Substance where such designation specifies the risk evaluation that the designation corresponds to, and where the designation occurs within a reasonable time before or after the completion of the risk evaluation.


§ 702.13 Revision of designation.

EPA may revise a final designation of a chemical substance from Low-Priority to High-Priority Substance at any time based on reasonably available information. To revise such a designation, EPA will re-initiate the prioritization process on that chemical substance in accordance with § 702.7, re-screen the chemical substance and propose a priority designation pursuant to § 702.9, and finalize the priority designation pursuant to § 702.11.


§ 702.15 Effect of designation as a low-priority substance.

Designation of a chemical substance as a Low-Priority Substance under § 702.11 means that a risk evaluation of the chemical substance is not warranted at the time, but does not preclude EPA from later revising the designation pursuant to § 702.13, if warranted. Designation as a Low-Priority Substance is not a finding that the chemical substance does not present an unreasonable risk, but rather that it does not meet the High-Priority Substance definition.


§ 702.17 Effect of designation as a high-priority substance.

Final designation of a chemical substance as a High-Priority Substance under § 702.11 initiates a risk evaluation pursuant to subpart B of this part. Designation as a High-Priority Substance is not a final agency action and is not subject to judicial review until the date of promulgation of the associated final rule under section 6(a). Designation as a High-Priority Substance is not a finding that the chemical substance presents an unreasonable risk.


Subpart B—Procedures for Chemical Substance Risk Evaluations


Source:82 FR 33747, July 20, 2017, unless otherwise noted.


Link to an amendment published at 89 FR 37052, May 3, 2024.

§ 702.31 General provisions.

(a) Purpose. This subpart establishes the EPA process for conducting a risk evaluation to determine whether a chemical substance presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment as required under TSCA section 6(b)(4)(B) (15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(B)).


(b) Scope. These regulations establish the general procedures, key definitions, and timelines EPA will use in a risk evaluation conducted pursuant to TSCA section 6(b) (15 U.S.C. 2605(b)).


(c) Applicability. The requirements of this part apply to all chemical substance risk evaluations initiated pursuant to TSCA section 6(b) (15 U.S.C. 2605(b)).


(d) Enforcement. Submission to EPA of inaccurate, incomplete, or misleading information pursuant to a risk evaluation conducted pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(B) is a prohibited act under 15 U.S.C. 2614, subject to penalties under 15 U.S.C. 2615 and Title 18 of the U.S. Code.


§ 702.33 Definitions.

All definitions in TSCA apply to this subpart. In addition, the following definitions apply:


Act means the Toxic Substances Control Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.).


Aggregate exposure means the combined exposures to an individual from a single chemical substance across multiple routes and across multiple pathways.


Best available science means science that is reliable and unbiased. Use of best available science involves the use of supporting studies conducted in accordance with sound and objective science practices, including, when available, peer reviewed science and supporting studies and data collected by accepted methods or best available methods (if the reliability of the method and the nature of the decision justifies use of the data). Additionally, EPA will consider as applicable:


(1) The extent to which the scientific information, technical procedures, measures, methods, protocols, methodologies, or models employed to generate the information are reasonable for and consistent with the intended use of the information;


(2) The extent to which the information is relevant for the Administrator’s use in making a decision about a chemical substance or mixture;


(3) The degree of clarity and completeness with which the data, assumptions, methods, quality assurance, and analyses employed to generate the information are documented;


(4) The extent to which the variability and uncertainty in the information, or in the procedures, measures, methods, protocols, methodologies, or models, are evaluated and characterized; and


(5) The extent of independent verification or peer review of the information or of the procedures, measures, methods, protocols, methodologies or models.


Conditions of use means the circumstances, as determined by the Administrator, under which a chemical substance is intended, known, or reasonably foreseen to be manufactured, processed, distributed in commerce, used, or disposed of.


EPA means the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.


Pathways means the mode through which one is exposed to a chemical substance, including but not limited to: Food, water, soil, and air.


Potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulation means a group of individuals within the general population identified by the Agency who, due to either greater susceptibility or greater exposure, may be at greater risk than the general population of adverse health effects from exposure to a chemical substance or mixture, such as infants, children, pregnant women, workers, or the elderly.


Reasonably available information means information that EPA possesses or can reasonably generate, obtain, and synthesize for use in risk evaluations, considering the deadlines specified in TSCA section 6(b)(4)(G) for completing such evaluation. Information that meets the terms of the preceding sentence is reasonably available information whether or not the information is confidential business information, that is protected from public disclosure under TSCA section 14.


Routes means the particular manner by which a chemical substance may contact the body, including absorption via ingestion, inhalation, or dermally (integument).


Sentinel exposure means the exposure from a single chemical substance that represents the plausible upper bound of exposure relative to all other exposures within a broad category of similar or related exposures.


Uncertainty means the imperfect knowledge or lack of precise knowledge of the real world either for specific values of interest or in the description of the system.


Variability means the inherent natural variation, diversity, and heterogeneity across time and/or space or among individuals within a population.


Weight of scientific evidence means a systematic review method, applied in a manner suited to the nature of the evidence or decision, that uses a pre-established protocol to comprehensively, objectively, transparently, and consistently, identify and evaluate each stream of evidence, including strengths, limitations, and relevance of each study and to integrate evidence as necessary and appropriate based upon strengths, limitations, and relevance.


§ 702.35 Chemical substances designated for risk evaluation.

(a) Chemical substances undergoing risk evaluation. A risk evaluation for a chemical substance designated by the Agency as a High-Priority Substance pursuant to the prioritization process described in subpart A, identified under 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(2)(A), or initiated at the request of a manufacturer or manufacturers under § 702.37, will be conducted in accordance with this part, except that risk evaluations that are initiated prior to the effective date of this rule will be conducted in accordance with this part to the maximum extent practicable.


(b) Percentage requirements. The Agency will ensure that, of the number of chemical substances that undergo risk evaluation under 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(C)(i), the number of chemical substances undergoing risk evaluation under 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(C)(ii) is not less than 25%, if sufficient requests that comply with 702.37, and not more than 50%.


(c) Manufacturer requests for work plan chemical substances. Manufacturer requests for risk evaluations, described in paragraph (a) of this section, for chemical substances that are drawn from the 2014 update of the TSCA Work Plan for Chemical Assessments will be granted at the discretion of the Agency. Such evaluations are not subject to the percentage requirements in paragraph (b) of this section.


§ 702.37 Submission of manufacturer requests for risk evaluations.

(a) General provision. Any request that EPA conduct a risk evaluation pursuant to this part must comply with all the procedures and criteria in this section to be eligible to be granted by EPA.


(b) Method for submission. One or more manufacturers of a chemical substance may request that EPA conduct a risk evaluation. All requests submitted to EPA under this subpart must be submitted via the EPA Central Data Exchange (CDX) found at http://cdx.epa.gov. Requests must include all of the following information:


(1) Name, mailing address, and contact information of the entity (or entities) submitting the request. If more than one manufacturer submits the request, all individual manufacturers must provide their contact information.


(2) The chemical identity of the chemical substance that is the subject of the request. At a minimum, this includes, all known names of the chemical substance, including common or trades names, CAS number, and molecular structure of the chemical substance A request for risk evaluations of a category of chemical substances must include an explanation of why the category is appropriate under 15 U.S.C. 2625(c), and EPA will grant such request only upon determining that the requested category is appropriate for risk evaluation.


(3) The manufacturer must identify the circumstances on which they are requesting that EPA conduct a risk evaluation and include a rationale for why these circumstances constitute conditions of use under § 702.33.


(4) The request must also include a list of all the existing information that is relevant to whether the chemical substance, under the circumstances identified by the manufacturer(s), presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment. The list must be accompanied by an explanation as to why such information is adequate to permit EPA to complete a risk evaluation addressing the circumstances identified by the manufacturer(s), The request need not include copies of the information; citations are sufficient, if the information is publically available. The request must include or reference all available information on the health and environmental hazard(s) of the chemical substance, human and environmental exposure(s), and exposed population(s), as relevant to the circumstances identified in the request. At a minimum, this must include all the following, as relevant to the circumstances identified:


(i) The chemical substance’s hazard and exposure potential;


(ii) The chemical substance’s persistence and bioaccumulation;


(iii) Potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations which the manufacturer(s) believes to be relevant to the EPA risk evaluation;


(iv) Whether there is any storage of the chemical substance near significant sources of drinking water, including the storage facility location and the nearby drinking water source(s);


(v) The chemical substance’s production volume or significant changes in production volume; and


(vi) Any other information relevant to the potential risks of the chemical substance under the circumstances identified in the request.


(5) The request must include a commitment to provide to EPA any referenced information upon request.


(6) Scientific information submitted must be consistent with the scientific standards in 15 U.S.C. 2625(h).


(7) A signed certification that all information contained in the request is accurate and complete, as follows:


(i) I certify that to the best of my knowledge and belief:


(A) The company named in this request manufacturers the chemical substance identified for risk evaluation.


(B) All information provided in the notice is complete and accurate as of the date of the request.


(C) I have either identified or am submitting all information in my possession, control, and a description of all other data known to or reasonably ascertainable by me as required for this request under this part. I am aware it is unlawful to knowingly submit incomplete, false and/or misleading information in this request and there are significant criminal penalties for such unlawful conduct, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.


(ii) [Reserved]


(c) Optional elements. A manufacturer may provide information that will inform EPA’s determination as to whether restrictions imposed by one or more States have the potential to have a significant impact on interstate commerce or health or the environment, and that as a consequence the request is entitled to preference pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(E)(iii).


(d) Confidential business information. Claims of confidentiality must be made in accordance with the procedures described in 40 CFR part 703.


(e) EPA process for evaluating manufacturer requests—(1) Review for completeness. Upon receipt of the request, EPA will verify that the request is facially complete, i.e., that information has been submitted that appears to be consistent with the requirements in paragraphs (b) through (d) of this section. EPA will inform the submitting manufacturer(s) if EPA has determined that the request is incomplete, and cannot be processed. Facially complete requests will be processed as described in this subpart.


(2) Public notification of receipt of request. Within 15 business days of receipt of a facially complete submission, EPA will notify the public of receipt of the manufacturer request. This notification will include any information submitted by the manufacturer that is not CBI, including the condition(s) of use for which the evaluation is requested.


(3) Conditions of use to be evaluated. EPA will assess whether the circumstances identified in the request constitute condition of use under § 702.33, and whether those conditions of use warrant inclusion within the scope of a risk evaluation for the chemical substance. EPA will also assess what, if any, additional conditions of use that warrant inclusion within the scope of a risk evaluation for the chemical substance. EPA will conduct these assessments and make proposed determinations based on the same considerations applied in the same manner as it would for a risk evaluation for a high-priority substance.


(4) Public notice and comment. No later than 60 business days of receiving a request that EPA has determined to be complete under paragraph (e)(1) of this section, EPA will submit for publication the receipt of the request in the Federal Register, open a docket for that request and provide no less than a 45 calendar day public comment period. The docket will contain the manufacturer request (excluding information claimed as CBI) and EPA’ proposed additions of conditions of use as described in paragraph (e)(3) of this section, and the basis for these proposed additions. During the comment period the public may submit comments and information relevant to the requested risk evaluation, in particular, commenters are encouraged to identify any information not included in the request or the proposed determinations that the commenters believe would be needed to conduct a risk evaluation, and to provide any other information relevant to EPA’s proposed determinations of the conditions of use, such as information on other conditions of use of the chemical than those included in the request or in EPA’s proposed determinations


(5) Supplementation of original request. (i) At any time prior to the end of the comment period, the requesting manufacturer(s) may supplement the original request with any new information it receives.


(ii) At any point prior to the completion of a risk evaluation pursuant to this section, manufacturer(s) must supplement the original request with any information that meets the criteria in 15 U.S.C. 2607(e) and this section, or with any other information that has the potential to change EPA’s risk evaluation with respect to the conditions of use as requested by the manufacturer. Such information must be submitted consistent with section 8(e) if the information is subject to that section or otherwise within 30 calendar days of the manufacturer’s obtaining the information.


(6) EPA’s decision. (i) Within 60 days of the end of the comment period provided in paragraph (e)(4) of this section, EPA will review the request along with any additional information received during the comment period to determine whether the request meets the criteria and requirements of this section.


(ii) EPA will grant the request if it determines that all of the following have been met:


(A) That the circumstances identified in the request constitute conditions of use that warrant inclusion in a risk evaluation for the chemical substance;


(B) That EPA has all of the information needed to conduct such risk evaluation on the conditions of use that were the subject of the request; and


(C) All other criteria and requirements of this section have been met.


(iii) At the end of this 60-day period, EPA will notify the submitting manufacturer(s) of its decision and include the basis for granting or denying the request. Bases for a denial, include the manufacturer has not provided sufficient information to complete the risk evaluation on the condition(s) of use requested, or that the circumstances identified in the request either do not constitute conditions of use, or the conditions of use do not warrant inclusion in a risk evaluation for the chemical substance. This notification will also identify any additional conditions of use, as determined by the Administrator, that will be included in this risk evaluation.


(iv) Within 30 days of receipt of EPA’s notification the requester(s) may withdraw the request.


(7) Public notice of decision. EPA will make public EPA’s decision to grant or deny the request at the time that EPA notifies the manufacturer.


(8) Compliant request. EPA will initiate a risk evaluation for all requests for non-TSCA Work Plan Chemicals that meet the criteria in this subpart, until EPA determines that the number of manufacturer-requested chemical substances undergoing risk evaluation is equal to 25% of the High-Priority Substances identified in subpart A as undergoing risk evaluation. Once that level has been reached, EPA will initiate at least one new manufacturer-requested risk evaluation for each manufacturer-requested risk evaluation completed so long as there are sufficient requests that meet the criteria of this subpart, as needed to ensure that the number of manufacturer-requested risk evaluations is equal to at least 25% of the High-Priority substances risk evaluation and not more than 50%.


(9) Preferences. In conformance with § 702.35(c), in evaluating requests for TSCA Work Plan Chemicals and requests for non-TSCA Work Plan chemicals in excess of the 25% threshold in § 702.35(b), EPA will first give preference to requests for risk evaluations on chemical substances:


(i) First, for which the Agency determines that restrictions imposed by one or more States have the potential to have a significant impact on interstate commerce, health or the environment; and then


(ii) Second, based on the order in which the requests are received.


(10) No preferential treatment. Once granted, EPA will initiate the risk evaluation and thereafter will conduct the risk evaluation following the procedures in §§ 702.39 through 702.51. EPA will not expedite or otherwise provide special treatment to a risk evaluation conducted as a result of a manufacturer’s request.


(11) Fees. Manufacturers must pay fees to support risk evaluations as specified under 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(E)(ii).


[82 FR 33747, July 20, 2017, as amended at 88 FR 37166, June 7, 2023]


§ 702.39 Interagency collaboration.

During the risk evaluation process, not to preclude any additional, prior, or subsequent collaboration, EPA will consult with other relevant Federal agencies.


§ 702.41 Evaluation requirements.

(a) Considerations. (1) Each risk evaluation will include all of the following components:


(i) A Scope, including a Conceptual Model and an Analysis Plan;


(ii) A Hazard Assessment;


(iii) An Exposure Assessment;


(iv) A Risk Characterization; and


(v) A Risk Determination.


(2) EPA guidance will be used, as applicable where it represents the best available science appropriate for the particular risk evaluation.


(3) Where appropriate, a risk evaluation will be conducted on a category of chemical substances. EPA will determine whether to conduct an evaluation on a category of chemical substances, and the composition of the category based on the considerations listed in 15 U.S.C. 2625(c).


(4) EPA will document that it has used the best available science and weight of scientific evidence approaches in the risk evaluation process.


(5) EPA will ensure that all supporting analyses and components of the risk evaluation are suitable for their intended purpose, and well-tailored to the problems and decision at hand, in order to inform the development of a technically sound determination as to whether a chemical substance presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment under the conditions of use within the scope of the risk evaluation, based on the weight of the scientific evidence.


(6) The extent to which EPA will refine its evaluations for one or more condition of use in any risk evaluation will vary as necessary to determine whether a chemical substance presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment.


(7) To the extent a determination as to the level of risk presented by a condition of use can be made, for example, using assumptions, uncertainty factors, and models or screening methodologies, EPA may determine that no further information or analysis is needed to complete its risk evaluation of the condition(s) of use.


(8) In general, EPA intends to determine whether a chemical substance does or does not present an unreasonable risk under all of the conditions of use within the scope of the risk evaluations, and intends to identify the individual conditions of use or categories of conditions of use that are responsible for such determinations.


(9) Within the time frame in § 702.43(d), EPA will complete the risk evaluation of the chemical substance addressing all of the conditions of use within the scope of the evaluation. However, EPA may complete its evaluation of the chemical substance under specific conditions of use or categories of conditions of use at any point following the issuance of the final scope document, and issue its determination as to whether the chemical substance under those conditions of use does or does not present an unreasonable risk to health or the environment under those conditions of use. EPA will follow all of the requirements and procedures in this Subpart when it conducts its evaluation of the chemical substance under any individual or specific conditions of use.


(10) EPA will evaluate chemical substances that are metals or metal compounds in accordance with 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(2)(E).


(b) Information and information sources. (1) EPA will base each risk evaluation on reasonably available information.


(2) EPA generally expects to initiate a risk evaluation for a chemical substance when EPA believes that all or most of the information necessary to perform the risk evaluation is reasonably available. EPA expects to use its authorities under the Act, and other information gathering authorities, when necessary to obtain the information needed to perform a risk evaluation for a chemical substance before initiating the risk evaluation for such substance. EPA will use such authorities on a case-by-case basis during the performance of a risk evaluation to obtain information as needed to ensure that EPA has adequate, reasonably available information to perform the evaluation.


(3) Among other sources of information, the Agency will consider information and advice provided by the Science Advisory Committee on Chemicals established pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 2625.


(4) In conducting risk evaluations, EPA will utilize reasonably available information including information, models, and screening methodologies, as appropriate. The approaches used will be determined by the quality of the information, the deadlines specified in TSCA section 6(b)(4)(G) for completing the risk evaluation, and the extent to which the information reduces uncertainty.


(5) Where appropriate, to the extent practicable, and scientifically justified, EPA will require the development of information generated without the use of new testing on vertebrates in performing risk evaluation.


(c) Scope of the risk evaluation. The scope of the risk evaluation will include all the following:


(1) The condition(s) of use, as determined by the Administrator, that the EPA plans to consider in the risk evaluation.


(2) The potentially exposed populations, including any potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations as identified as relevant to the risk evaluation by the Agency under the conditions of use, that EPA plans to evaluate; the ecological receptors that EPA plans to evaluate; and the hazards to health and the environment that EPA plans to evaluate.


(3) A description of the reasonably available information and science approaches EPA plans to use in the risk evaluation.


(4) A conceptual model:


(i) The scope documents will include a Conceptual Model that describes actual or predicted relationships between the chemical substance, the conditions of use within the scope of the evaluation and human and environmental receptors.


(ii) The conceptual model will identify human and ecological health hazards the EPA plans to evaluate for the exposure scenarios EPA plans to evaluate.


(iii) Conceptual model development will consider the life cycle of the chemical substance, including manufacture, processing, distribution in commerce, storage, use, and disposal, relevant to the conditions of use within the scope of the evaluation


(5) An analysis plan:


(i) The scope documents will include an analysis plan that identifies the approaches, methods, and/or metrics that EPA plans to use to assess exposures, effects, and risk, including associated uncertainty and variability for each risk evaluation. The analysis plan will also identify the strategy for using information, accepted science policies, models, and screening methodologies.


(ii) Hypotheses about the relationships identified in the conceptual model will be described. The relative strengths of alternative hypotheses if any will be evaluated to determine the appropriate risk assessment approaches.


(6) The Agency’s plan for peer review.


(7) Developing the scope.


(i) Draft scope. For each risk evaluation to be conducted EPA will publish a document in the Federal Register that specifies the draft scope of the risk evaluation the Agency plans to conduct. The document will address the elements in paragraphs (c)(1) through (6) of this section.


(ii) Timeframes. EPA generally expects to publish the draft scope no later than 3 months from the initiation of the risk evaluation process for the chemical substance.


(iii) Public comments. EPA will allow a public comment period of no less than 45 calendar days during which interested persons may submit comment on EPA’s draft risk evaluation scope. EPA will open a docket to facilitate receipt of public comments.


(8) Final scope:


(i) The Agency will, no later than 6 months after the initiation of a risk evaluation, publish a document in the Federal Register that specifies the final scope of the risk evaluation the Agency plans to conduct. The document shall address the elements in paragraphs (c)(1) through (6) of this section.


(ii) For a chemical substance designated as a High-Priority Substance under subpart A of this part, EPA will not publish the final scope of the risk evaluation until at least 12 months have elapsed from the initiation of the prioritization process for the chemical substance.


(d) Hazard assessment. (1) The hazard information relevant to the chemical substance will be evaluated using hazards identified in the final scope document published pursuant to paragraph (c)(8) of this section, for the identified exposure scenarios, including any identified potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulation(s).


(2) The hazard assessment process will identify the types of hazards to health or the environment posed by the chemical substance under the condition(s) of use within the scope of the risk evaluation. Hazard information related to potential health and environmental hazards of the chemical substance will be reviewed in a manner consistent with best available science and weight of scientific evidence as defined in § 702.33 and all assessment methods will be documented. This process includes the identification, evaluation, and synthesis of information to describe the potential health and environmental hazards of the chemical substance.


(3) Relevant potential human and environmental hazards will be evaluated.


(4) The relationship between the dose of the chemical substance and the occurrence of health and environmental effects or outcomes will be evaluated.


(5) Studies evaluated may include, but would not be limited to: Human epidemiological studies, in vivo and/or in vitro laboratory studies, biomonitoring studies, mechanistic and/or kinetic studies in a variety of test systems, including but not limited to toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics, computational toxicology such as high-throughput assays, genomic response assays, data from structure-activity relationships, and ecological field data.


(6) Hazard identification will include an evaluation of the strengths, limitations, and uncertainties associated with the reasonably available information.


(7) The human health hazard assessment will consider all potentially exposed and susceptible subpopulation(s) determined to be relevant, as identified in the final scope document published pursuant to paragraph (c)(8) of this section.


(8) The environmental health hazard assessment will consider the relationship between the chemical substance and the occurrence of an ecological hazard elicited.


(e) Exposure assessment. (1) Where relevant, the likely duration, intensity, frequency, and number of exposures under the conditions of use will be considered.


(2) Chemical-specific factors including, but not limited to: Physical- chemical properties and environmental fate and transport parameters will be examined.


(3) Exposure information related to potential human health or ecological hazards of the chemical substance will be reviewed in a manner consistent with the description of best available science and weight of scientific evidence in § 702.33 and all methods will be documented.


(4) The human health exposure assessment will consider all potentially exposed and susceptible subpopulation(s) determined to be relevant, as identified in the final scope document published pursuant to paragraph (c)(8) of this section.


(5) Environmental health exposure assessment:


(i) The environmental health exposure assessment will characterize and evaluate the interaction of the chemical substance with the ecological receptors identified in the final scope document published pursuant to paragraph (c)(8) of this section.


(ii) Exposures considered will include populations and communities, depending on the chemical substance and the ecological characteristic involved.


§ 702.43 Risk Characterization.

(a) Risk Characterization considerations. EPA will:


(1) Integrate the hazard and exposure assessments into quantitative and/or qualitative estimates of risk for the identified populations (including any potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulation(s)) identified in the final scope document published pursuant to § 702.41(c)(8) and ecological characteristics for the conditions of use within the scope of the risk evaluation;


(2) Describe whether aggregate or sentinel exposures under the conditions of use were considered and the basis for their consideration;


(3) Not consider costs or other nonrisk factors;


(4) Take into account, where relevant, the likely duration, intensity, frequency, and number of exposures under the condition(s) of use of the chemical substance; and


(5) Describe the weight of the scientific evidence for the identified hazards and exposures.


(b) Risk Characterization summary. The Risk Characterization will summarize, as applicable, the considerations addressed throughout the evaluation components, in carrying out the obligations under 15 U.S.C. 2625(h). This summary will include, as appropriate, a discussion of:


(1) Considerations regarding uncertainty and variability. Information about uncertainty and variability in each step of the risk evaluation (e.g., use of default assumptions, scenarios, choice of models, and information used for quantitative analysis) will be integrated into an overall characterization and/or analysis of the impact of the uncertainty and variability on estimated risks. EPA may describe the uncertainty using a qualitative assessment of the overall strength and limitations of the data used in the assessment.


(2) Considerations of data quality. A discussion of data quality (e.g., reliability, relevance, and whether methods employed to generate the information are reasonable for and consistent with the intended use of the information), as well as assumptions used, will be included to the extent necessary. EPA also expects to include a discussion of the extent of independent verification or peer review of the information or of the procedures, measures, methods, protocols, methodologies, or models used in the risk evaluation.


(3) Considerations of alternative interpretations. If appropriate and relevant, where alternative interpretations are plausible, a discussion of alternative interpretations of the data and analyses will be included.


(4) Considerations for environmental risk evaluations. For environmental risk evaluations, it may be necessary to discuss the nature and magnitude of the effects, the spatial and temporal patterns of the effects, implications at the individual, species, population, and community level, and the likelihood of recovery subsequent to exposure to the chemical substance.


§ 702.45 Peer review.

The EPA Peer Review Handbook (2015), the Office of Management and Budget Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review (OMB Bulletin), and other available, relevant and applicable methods consistent with 15 U.S.C. 2625, will serve as the guidance for peer review activities. Peer review will be conducted on the risk evaluations for the chemical substances identified pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 2605(b)(4)(A).


§ 702.47 Unreasonable risk determination.

As part of the risk evaluation, EPA will determine whether the chemical substance presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment under each condition of uses within the scope of the risk evaluation, either in a single decision document or in multiple decision documents.


§ 702.49 Risk evaluation timeframes and actions.

(a) Draft risk evaluation timeframe. EPA will publish a draft risk evaluation in the Federal Register, open a docket to facilitate receipt of public comment, and provide no less than a 60-day comment period, during which time the public may submit comment on EPA’s draft risk evaluation.


(b) Final risk evaluation. (1) EPA will complete a risk evaluation for the chemical substance under the conditions of use within the scope of the risk evaluation as soon as practicable, but not later than 3 years after the date on which the Agency initiates the risk evaluation.


(2) The Agency may extend the deadline for a risk evaluation for not more than 6 months. The total time elapsed between initiation of the risk evaluation and completion of the risk evaluation may not exceed 3 and one half years.


(3) EPA will publish the final risk evaluation in the Federal Register.


(c) Final determination of unreasonable risk. Upon determination by the EPA that a chemical substance under one or more of the conditions of use within the scope of the risk evaluation presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment as described in § 702.47, the Agency will initiate action as required pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 2605(a).


(d) Final determination of no unreasonable risk. A determination by EPA that the chemical substance, under one or more of the conditions of use within the scope of the risk evaluation, does not present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment will be issued by order and considered to be a final Agency action, effective on the date of issuance of the order.


§ 702.51 Publically available information.

For each risk evaluation, EPA will maintain a public docket at http://www.regulations.gov to provide public access to the following information, as applicable for that risk evaluation:


(a) The draft scope, final scope, draft risk evaluation, and final risk evaluation;


(b) All notices, determinations, findings, consent agreements, and orders;


(c) Any information required to be provided to the Agency under 15 U.S.C. 2603;


(d) A nontechnical summary of the risk evaluation;


(e) A list of the studies, with the results of the studies, considered in carrying out each risk evaluation;


(f) The final peer review report, including the response to peer review and public comments received during peer review; and


(g) Response to public comments received on the draft scope and the draft risk evaluation.


Subpart C—Citizen Suit

§ 702.60 Purpose.

Section 20 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) authorizes any person to begin a civil action to compel performance by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of TSCA non-discretionary acts or duties (section 20(a)(2)) or to restrain any violation of TSCA, or of any rule promulgated under sections 4, 5, or 6, or of any order issued under section 5 of TSCA (section 20(a)(1)). The purpose of this regulation is to prescribe procedures governing the giving of a notice of intent to file suit required by section 20(b) of TSCA as a prerequisite to beginning such civil actions.


§ 702.61 Service of notice.

(a) Notice as a prerequisite to suit. Under section 20 of TSCA, no civil action may be commenced by a citizen to restrain a violation of TSCA, or a rule or order thereunder, unless at least 60 days in advance the citizen has given notice of the intent to file suit to the Administrator and to the person who is alleged to have committed the violation. No civil action may be commenced by a citizen to compel the Administrator to perform any non-discretionary act or duty under TSCA, unless at least 60 days in advance the citizen has given notice of the intent to file suit to the Administrator. However, in the case of an alleged failure by the Administrator to file an action under section 7 of TSCA, the citizen must give notice to the Administrator only 10 days in advance of filing the civil action.


(b) Method of service. Notice of intent to file suit can be either personally served or served by certified mail—return receipt requested—to persons identified in paragraph (d) of this section.


(c) Date of service. The effective date of service of a notice given in accordance with this rule shall be the date of the return receipt, if served by mail, or the date of receipt if personally served.


(d) Persons to be served—(1) Violations of TSCA rules or TSCA order. (i) If the alleged violator is a private individual or a corporation, notice of intent to file suit shall be served on the individual or the owner or managing agent of the plant, facility, or activity alleged to be in violation. If the alleged violator is a corporation, a copy of the notice shall also be sent to the registered agent, if any, of such corporation in the State in which such violation is alleged to have occurred. Notice shall also be served on the Administrator of the EPA.


(ii) If the alleged violator is a State or local government entity, notice of intent to file suit shall be served on the head of the agency. Notice shall also be served on the Administrator of the EPA, and a copy shall be sent to the Attorney General of the United States.


(iii) If the alleged violator is a Federal agency, notice of intent to file suit shall be served on the head of the agency. Notice shall also be served on the Administrator of the EPA, and a copy shall be sent to the Attorney General of the United States.


(2) Performance of non-discretionary TSCA acts or duties. Notice of intent to file suit shall be served on the Administrator of the EPA and a copy shall be sent to the Attorney General of the United States.


(3) Address of persons to be served. (i) EPA Administrator: 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460. (ii) Attorney General of the United States: 10th and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20530.


§ 702.62 Contents of notice.

(a) Violation of TSCA rule or TSCA order. Notice of intent to file suit regarding an alleged violation of TSCA or any rule promulgated under sections 4, 5, or 6, or an order issued under section 5, shall include sufficient information to permit the recipient to identify:


(1) The specific provision of TSCA or of the rule or order under TSCA alleged to have been violated.


(2) The activity alleged to constitute a violation.


(3) The person or persons responsible for the alleged violation.


(4) The location of the alleged violation.


(5) The date or dates of the alleged violation as closely as the citizen is able to specify them.


(6) The full name, address, and telephone number of the citizen giving notice.


(b) Failure to act. Notice regarding an alleged failure of the Administrator to perform any act or duty which is not discretionary shall:


(1) Identify the specific provision of TSCA which requires an act or creates a duty.


(2) Describe with reasonable specificity the action taken or not taken by the Administrator which is alleged to constitute a failure to perform the act or duty.


(3) State the full name, address, and telephone number of the citizen giving the notice.


(c) Identification of Counsel. The notice shall state the name, address, and telephone number of the Legal Counsel, if any, representing the citizen giving the notice.


PART 703—CONFIDENTIALITY CLAIMS


Authority:15 U.S.C. 2613.



Source:88 FR 37166, June 7, 2023, unless otherwise noted.

§ 703.1 Purpose and applicability.

(a) The purpose of this part is to describe procedures for asserting and maintaining confidentiality claims in accordance with TSCA section 14, and for EPA review of such claims. The procedures described in this part are generally applicable to the submission and EPA review of any TSCA submission, except to the extent that application of the requirements would be inconsistent with TSCA section 14(i). The procedures include requirements concerning the form and manner in which TSCA submissions must be made to meet requirements in TSCA sections 14(b) and (c), to facilitate EPA review of such claims in accordance with TSCA sections 14(f) and (g), and to facilitate disclosure of non-confidential information to the public in accordance with TSCA, FOIA, and their implementing regulations.


(b) This part applies to all information that is reported to or otherwise obtained by EPA pursuant to TSCA or its implementing regulations. This includes information that was first obtained by EPA other than pursuant to the authority of TSCA or its implementing regulations, provided that the following two criteria have been met:


(1) EPA has authority to collect the information under TSCA; and


(2) Either:


(i) Subsequent to its submission the information is being used to satisfy the obligation of a person under TSCA or its implementing regulations; or


(ii) EPA makes use of the information in the course of carrying out its responsibilities under TSCA (e.g., EPA considered such information in its actions under TSCA sections 4, 5, or 6).


(c)(1) This part applies regardless of the following:


(i) Whether the information is intended by its submitter to be used by EPA in implementing TSCA;


(ii) Whether TSCA or an implementing regulation was cited as authority for the request or submission of the information; or


(iii) Whether the information was provided directly to EPA or through some third person.


(2) However, where such information is not protected from disclosure under TSCA Section 14, but the statute under which the information was originally provided to EPA limits disclosure for reasons other than business confidentiality (for example, limited disclosure of pesticide data to multinational pesticide producers under 7 U.S.C. 136h(g)), the disclosure limitation in the statute under which the information was obtained by EPA continues to apply, except where TSCA expressly requires disclosure of that information.


(d) The provisions of 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, apply to this section, as modified by 40 CFR 2.306.


§ 703.3 Definitions.

The definitions in this section and the definitions in TSCA section 3 apply to this part. In addition, the definition in § 720.3(ff) of this subchapter for test data also applies in this part.


Accept in the context of asserting a TSCA CBI claim means EPA’s first approval of the submission containing the CBI claim in CISS, or its successor system.


Act, or TSCA, means the Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.


CDX or Central Data Exchange means EPA’s centralized electronic document receiving system, or its successor system.


CISS or Chemical Information Submission System means EPA’s web-based reporting tool for preparing and submitting TSCA submissions, or its successor system.


Confidentiality claim means a claim or allegation that business information is entitled to confidential treatment.


FOIA means the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552, et seq.


Health and safety study has the same meaning as that provided in § 720.3(k) of this subchapter, except that for purposes of this part 703 the following information is not part of a health and safety study:


(1) The name, address, or other identifying information for the submitting company, including identification of the laboratory that conducted the study in cases where the laboratory is part of or closely affiliated with the submitting company.


(2) Internal product codes (i.e., code names for the test substance used internally by the submitting company or to identify the test substance to the test laboratory).


(3) Names and contact details for testing laboratory personnel and names and other private information for health and safety study participants or persons involved in chemical incidents such as would typically be withheld under 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(6) or under other privacy laws.


(4) Information pertaining to test substance product development, advertising, or marketing plans, or to cost and other financial data.


§ 703.5 Requirements for asserting and maintaining confidentiality claims.

Any person who submits information under TSCA or these implementing regulations may assert a business confidentiality claim to information included in such submission except where such a claim is disallowed by applicable regulation under this subchapter. Such claim must be made concurrent with submission of the information. If no such claim accompanies the submission, EPA will not recognize a confidentiality claim, and the information in or referred to in that submission may be made available to the public (e.g., by publication of specific chemical name and CASRN on the public portion of the TSCA Inventory) without further notice.


(a) Supporting statement and certification. (1) A person asserting a confidentiality claim must submit a statement that the person has:


(i) Taken reasonable measures to protect the confidentiality of the information;


(ii) Determined that the information is not required to be disclosed or otherwise made available to the public under any other Federal law;


(iii) A reasonable basis to conclude that disclosure of the information is likely to cause substantial harm to the competitive position of the person; and


(iv) A reasonable basis to believe that the information is not readily discoverable through reverse engineering.


(2) The person must also certify that these four statements and any information required to substantiate the confidentiality claim in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section are true and correct.


(b) Substantiation. (1) Confidentiality claims must be substantiated at the time of submission to EPA, unless exempt under paragraph (b)(5) of this section. In the case of information collected by EPA or on behalf of EPA in person at the site of a TSCA inspection under section 11 of the Act, the affected company must assert its confidentiality claim(s) in writing at the time the information is collected, and then must provide substantiation of its confidentiality claims and the supporting statement and certification described in paragraph (a) of this section within ten business days after the inspection ends. Confidentiality claims lacking required substantiation after ten business days will be treated as deficient under paragraph (e) of this section. Unless otherwise directed by EPA, such information or materials must be submitted via CDX. In the case of an unusually voluminous document collection under section 11 of the Act, the affected company may request additional time to assert claims and provide substantiation, which EPA may grant at its discretion. The inspection is considered to have ended when the inspector physically exits the regulated facility on the last day of the inspection.


(2) Information in substantiations may be claimed as confidential. Such claims must be accompanied by the certification described in paragraph (a) of this section but need not be themselves separately substantiated.


(3) Substantiation questions for all claims. Unless otherwise specified elsewhere in this subchapter (e.g., 40 CFR part 711), answers to the following questions must be provided for each confidentiality claim in a TSCA submission:


(i) Please specifically explain what harm to the competitive position of your business would be likely to result from the release of the information claimed as confidential. How would that harm be substantial? Why is the substantial harm to your competitive position likely (i.e., probable) to be caused by release of the information rather than just possible? If you claimed multiple types of information to be confidential (e.g., site information, exposure information, environmental release information, etc.), explain how disclosure of each type of information would be likely to cause substantial harm to the competitive position of your business.


(ii) Has your business taken precautions to protect the confidentiality of the disclosed information? If yes, please explain and identify the specific measures, including but not limited to internal controls, that your business has taken to protect the information claimed as confidential. If the same or similar information was previously reported to EPA as non-confidential (such as in an earlier version of this submission), please explain the circumstances of that prior submission and reasons for believing the information is nonetheless still confidential.


(iii)(A) Is any of the information claimed as confidential required to be publicly disclosed under any other Federal law? If yes, please explain.


(B) Does any of the information claimed as confidential otherwise appear in any public documents, including (but not limited to) safety data sheets; advertising or promotional material; professional or trade publications; State, local, or Federal agency files; or any other media or publications available to the general public? If yes, please explain why the information should be treated as confidential. If this chemical is patented and the patent reveals the information you are claiming confidential, please explain your reasons for believing the information is nonetheless still confidential.


(iv) Is the claim of confidentiality intended to last less than 10 years (see TSCA section 14(e)(1)(B))? If yes, please indicate the number of years (between 1 and 10 years) or the specific date after which the claim is withdrawn.


(v) Has EPA, another Federal agency, or court made any confidentiality determination regarding information associated with this chemical substance? If yes, please provide the circumstances associated with the prior determination, whether or not the information was found to be entitled to confidential treatment, the entity that made the decision, and the date of the determination.


(4) Additional substantiation questions for chemical identity-related claims only. Unless otherwise specified in the relevant electronic reporting form, answers to the following questions must be provided for each chemical identity-related confidentiality claim in a TSCA submission:


(i) Is this chemical substance publicly known (including by your competitors) to be in U.S. commerce? If yes, please explain why the specific chemical identity should still be afforded confidential status (e.g., the chemical substance is publicly known only as being distributed in commerce for research and development purposes, but no other information about the current commercial distribution of the chemical substance in the United States is publicly available). If no, please complete the certification statement:



I certify that on the date referenced I searched the internet for the chemical substance identity (i.e., by both chemical substance name and CASRN). I did not find a reference to this chemical substance and have no knowledge of public information that would indicate that the chemical is being manufactured or imported by anyone for a commercial purpose in the United States. [provide date].


(ii) Does this specific chemical substance leave the site of manufacture (including import) in any form, e.g., as a product, effluent, emission? If yes, please explain what measures have been taken to guard against the discovery of its identity.


(iii) If the chemical substance leaves the site in a form that is available to the public or your competitors, can the chemical identity be readily discovered by analysis of the substance (e.g., product, effluent, emission), in light of existing technologies and any costs, difficulties, or limitations associated with such technologies? Please explain why or why not.


(iv) Would disclosure of the specific chemical identity release confidential process information? If yes, please explain.


(5) Information described in paragraphs (b)(5)(i) and (ii) of this section is exempt from the requirement to substantiate the claim at the time of submission. EPA may identify on a reporting form certain information as exempt from substantiation. Additional assertions of exemption from substantiation may be asserted by the submitter. Each such assertion must include a detailed explanation for why the information falls within the claimed exemption. If the explanation is missing or inadequate, and the claim is not otherwise substantiated, EPA will place a hold on the submission, as described in paragraph (e) of this section.


(i) The following information types are exempt from the substantiation requirement at the time of information submission:


(A) Specific information describing the processes used in manufacture or processing of a chemical substance, mixture, or article;


(B) Marketing and sales information;


(C) Information identifying a supplier or customer;


(D) Details of the full composition of a mixture and the respective percentages of constituents;


(E) Specific information regarding the use, function, or application of a chemical substance or mixture in a process, mixture, or article; and


(F) Specific production or import volumes.


(ii) Exemption for chemical substances not yet offered for commercial distribution.


(A) A confidentiality claim for specific identity of a chemical substance, where the submission is made prior to the date on which the chemical substance whose identity is claimed as confidential is first offered for commercial distribution, is exempt from the requirement to substantiate confidentiality claims at the time of submission.


(B) A specific chemical identity claim includes specific chemical names, CAS numbers, molecular formulas, reactants (if required to be reported as part of the identification of the chemical, such as for Class 2 substances in § 720.45(a) of this subchapter), and structural diagrams; or in the case of microorganisms, genus and species name and genetic construct.


(C) This exemption applies where the submitter lacks information to reasonably conclude that the chemical substance has been offered for commercial distribution, where both:


(1) The chemical substance is not on the TSCA Inventory; and


(2) The substance is otherwise not publicly known to have been offered for commercial distribution.


(c) Public copies. All TSCA submissions and their accompanying attachments that include a confidentiality claim must be accompanied, at the time of submission, by a public version of the submission and any attachments, with all information that is claimed as confidential removed. In the case of documents collected by EPA or on behalf of EPA in person at the site of a TSCA inspection under section 11 of the Act, the affected company must provide such public copies at the same time and in the same manner as it provides substantiation of its confidentiality claims in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this section, within ten working days after the inspection ends. Only information that is claimed as confidential may be redacted or removed. Generally, a public copy that removes all or substantially all of the information would not meet the requirements of this paragraph (c) so will likely be treated as deficient under paragraph (e) of this section.


(1) Where the applicable reporting form or electronic reporting tool contains a checkbox or other means of designating with specificity what information is claimed as confidential, no further action by the submitter is required to satisfy this requirement.


(2) For all other information claimed as confidential, including but not limited to information in attachments and in substantiations required under paragraph (b) of this section, the submitter must prepare and attach a public copy. EPA may treat as deficient submissions with public copies that are entirely blank or that are substantially reduced in length as compared to the CBI version (see paragraph (e) of this section).


(d) Generic name. Each confidentiality claim for specific chemical identity must be accompanied by a structurally descriptive generic name for that substance. This generic name must be consistent with guidance on the determination of structurally descriptive generic names developed in accordance with, and made binding by, section 14(c)(4)(A) of the Act (e.g., Guidance for Creating Generic Names for Confidential Chemical Substance Identity Reporting under TSCA; available at https://www.epa.gov/tsca-inventory/guidance-creating-generic-names-confidential-chemical-substance-identity-reporting), and 15 U.S.C. 2613(c)(1)(C)(ii).


(1) At a minimum, the generic name must either:


(i) Be identical to the generic name for the same substance included on the non-confidential portion of the TSCA Inventory (if the substance is listed on the TSCA Inventory), or


(ii) For substances that are not listed on the TSCA Inventory, mask only the confidential portions of the specific chemical name. In most cases, only one structural element of a specific chemical name may be masked to protect a confidential chemical identity—if the submitter of a proposed generic name wishes to mask more than one such element, the submission must include an explanation of why masking only one element is insufficient to protect the confidential identity.


(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, EPA may conclude that a generic name provided with the submission and listed on the current non-confidential version of the TSCA Inventory does not comply with 15 U.S.C. 2613(c)(1)(C). In such cases, EPA will notify the submitting company and proceed as described in paragraph (c)(4) of this section.


(3) A generic name that meets the requirements of section 14(c)(1)(C) of the Act prior to the date on which the chemical substance is first offered for commercial distribution for the purposes of a pre-market submission (e.g., a PMN) may not be sufficient for the purposes of subsequent listing on the TSCA Inventory, as identified upon review under section 14(g)(1)(C)(i) of the Act of a confidentiality claim for specific chemical identity made in a Notice of Commencement required under § 720.102 or § 725.190(f) of this subchapter. In such cases, EPA will notify the submitting company and proceed as described in § 720.102(f) or § 725.190(f) of this subchapter.


(4) If EPA concludes that the proposed generic name does not comply with 15 U.S.C. 2613(c)(1)(C), EPA will notify the submitter, and provide 10 business days for the submitter to provide a revised generic name. If EPA concludes that the revised generic name is still not acceptable, EPA will hold the submission for an additional period of up to 10 business days, proceeding as set out in paragraph (e) of this section.


(e) Deficient confidentiality claims. (1) A confidentiality claim under TSCA is deficient if it meets one or more of the following criteria:


(i) The confidentiality claim is not accompanied by the supporting statement and certification required by paragraph (a) of this section.


(ii) The confidentiality claim is not accompanied by the substantiation required by paragraph (b) of this section. If the submitter claims an exemption from substantiation under paragraph (b)(5) of this section and the exemption does not apply or an explanation is not provided for the exemption pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) of this section, the confidentiality claim is deficient.


(iii) The confidentiality claim is not accompanied by a public copy that meets the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section.


(iv) The confidentiality claim is for a specific chemical identity and is not accompanied by a generic name that meets the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section.


(2) A submission that is identified as deficient under paragraph (e)(1) of this section will be held for a period of up to 10 business days, and the submitter will be notified via CDX as described in paragraph (h) of this section. During the hold, which commences on the day the CDX notice is sent, any applicable review period for the underlying submission will be suspended until either the deficiency is corrected or the 10 business days elapse without such correction. Upon the occurrence of the first of either of these events, the applicable review period for the underlying submission commences or comes out of suspension. If the deficiency is not remedied during the suspension, EPA will proceed with review of the submission and may deny the CBI claim(s).


(f) Electronic reporting required. (1) TSCA submissions bearing confidentiality claims must be submitted via CDX, except where EPA directs that information subpoenaed under section 11(c) of the Act or materials collected or requested by EPA as part of an inspection under section 11(a) of the Act, not be submitted via CDX. Any required TSCA submission asserting a CBI claim that does not meet the requirements of this paragraph will be deemed incomplete. EPA reserves the ability to waive the requirements of this paragraph, at its discretion, where compliance is infeasible.


(2) You must use CISS to complete and submit TSCA submissions via CDX. To access CISS go to https://cdx.epa.gov/ and follow the appropriate links.


(3) On receipt by EPA, each electronic TSCA submission will be assigned a case number or document identifier, which will be available to the submitter in their CDX account. This identifier may be used as a reference in future communications that concern the substance and may be used by EPA in public communications (e.g., Federal Register notices) that concern the submission, such as notices of receipt, final confidentiality determination, pending confidentiality claim expiration, or in other regulatory actions that concern the TSCA submission.


(g) Requirement to report health and safety studies using templates. Submitters of health and safety studies or information from such studies must provide such data in templated form, using an appropriate OECD harmonized template, if such template is available for the data type (https://www.oecd.org/ehs/templates/). Individual test or data submission rules or orders may specify an appropriate template or templates. Submission of templated data is not a substitute for submitting a full study report where a specific TSCA rule or order requires submission of the full study report (e.g., § 720.50(a) of this subchapter, or according to the terms of a specific order under section 5(e) of the Act).


(h) Requirement to maintain company contact information; electronic notices concerning confidentiality claims. (1) To facilitate ongoing or future communication concerning TSCA submissions, current contact information for all of the individuals associated with a particular TSCA submission must be maintained. Contact information for all the individuals associated with a particular TSCA submission must be updated by amending the submission via CDX, except that submissions that are either no longer accessible to the submitting company or that were not submitted via CDX (e.g., submissions that were originally provided on paper or other physical media), updated company contact must be provided via CDX using the appropriate EPA-provided electronic reporting application in CISS. In circumstances where ownership of the company or unit of a company has changed, such that contact information for one or more prior TSCA submissions that include confidentiality claims is affected, a notice of transfer of ownership must be directed to EPA via CDX. Instructions for providing this notice and for requesting access to copies of a prior TSCA submission are available at https://cdx.epa.gov/.


(2) When EPA contacts a TSCA submitter concerning confidentiality claims (e.g., related to a pending or concluded confidentiality claim review, a deficient submission, or in relation to the 10-year expiration of a confidentiality claim (described in section 14(e) of the Act)), EPA may provide notices and other correspondence to the submitter via CDX, using the contact information provided in the most recent version of the submission, or using the contact information provided in a more recent notice of transfer of ownership relating to that submission. The fact and date of delivery of such notice is verified automatically by CDX.


(3) In addition to individual notice described in paragraph (h)(2) of this section, EPA will publish on its website, or other appropriate platform, a list of TSCA submissions with confidentiality claims that are approaching the end of the ten-year period of protection described in section 14(e) of the Act. Such TSCA submissions will be referred to by the TSCA case or document identifier (as described in paragraph (f)(3) of this section) that was assigned to the submission by EPA when it was originally submitted. TSCA submissions will be added to this list at least 60 days prior to the end of the ten-year period of protection, along with instructions for reasserting and substantiating expiring claims.


(4) When a confidentiality claim is being reviewed pursuant to section 14(f) of the Act, EPA will provide, when necessary, notice of such review and an opportunity to substantiate or resubstantiate the affected confidentiality claim to the submitter using the contact information for the authorized official or technical contact provided in the most recent version of the submission or in a more recent notice of transfer of ownership relating to that submission.


(5) Where the submission with the relevant CBI claim was not originally made via CDX, EPA will send the notice via courier or US Mail to the company address provided in the most recent TSCA submission made by that company, or via other means that allows verification of the fact and date of receipt. The notice will provide instructions for substantiating claims that were exempt from substantiation when the confidentiality claim was asserted or for which the submitter was otherwise not required to provide substantiation at the time of initial submission, and for updating or re-substantiating as necessary any claims that were previously substantiated.


(i) Withdrawing confidentiality claims. TSCA confidentiality claims may be voluntarily withdrawn by the submitter at any time.


(1) Confidentiality claims in TSCA submissions that were originally made via electronic submission may be withdrawn. To withdraw a claim, a person must reopen the submission in CDX, remove confidentiality markings (e.g., confidential checkmarks or bracketing), revise public copies including any attachments to unredact the information no longer claimed confidential, and then resubmit the submission.


(2) For submissions that were not originally made via CDX, or that are no longer accessible to the submitting company via CDX, confidentiality claims may also be withdrawn via CDX using the “TSCA Communications” application or successor system. The withdrawal correspondence must indicate the case or document number (or other applicable document identifier or document identifying details) from which CBI claims are being withdrawn, identify the submitting company, and include a list or description of the information for which CBI claims are being withdrawn, including page numbers where relevant. Current contact information for the person withdrawing the claim must also be provided, in the event EPA needs clarification concerning which claim or claims are being withdrawn.


(j) Amending public copy following confidentiality claim denial or expiration. (1) Following the expiration or EPA’s denial of a TSCA confidentiality claim, the person who asserted the denied or expired claim should prepare and submit a revised public copy of the submission to EPA, following the procedures for voluntarily withdrawing claims described in paragraph (i) of this section.


(2) If the person who asserted the denied or expired claim declines or fails to provide within 30 days a revised public copy of the submission that includes the information for which the confidentiality claim(s) were denied or expired, EPA may prepare an addendum to the original public copy, as needed, disclosing the information to the public.


§ 703.7 EPA review of confidentiality claims under TSCA section 14(g).

(a) Representative subset and selection of submissions for review. (1) A representative subset consists of at least 25 percent of confidentiality claims asserted under TSCA, not including claims for specific chemical identity or for the categories of information listed in section 14(c)(2) of the Act. Excluded from the representative subset are:


(i) Inquiries with respect to potential submission to EPA of a notification under 40 CFR part 720, 721, 723, or 725 by a person who has not submitted the notification at the time of the inquiry, including inquiries under § 720.25(b) or § 721.11 of this subchapter;


(ii) Submissions or other communication not submitted to EPA via CDX; and


(iii) Amendments to previous TSCA submissions.


(2) To satisfy its confidentiality claim review obligations under section 14(g)(1)(C)(ii) of the Act, EPA will generally review all claims (except those exempt from substantiation under section 14(c)(2) of the Act) in every fourth TSCA submission submitted via CDX that is part of the representative subset, in chronological order of receipt by EPA. For each submission selected for review as part of the representative subset, EPA reviews and approves or denies every individual confidentiality claim in that submission (except claims that are exempt under sections 14(c)(2) and 14(g) of the Act), including claims made in attachments and amendments available to EPA at the time of the review.


(b) Review of new and expiring confidentiality claims under TSCA Section 14(g). (1)(i) Under section 14(g) of the Act, EPA will review:


(A) All chemical identity claims asserted in TSCA submissions except those that are exempt from substantiation according to section 14(c)(2)(G) of the Act; and


(B) a representative subset of other confidentiality claims as provided in paragraph (a) of this section.


(ii) Final determinations will be issued by the General Counsel or their designee, which may include personnel outside of the Office of General Counsel.


(2) EPA will review all timely requests for extension of claims under section 14(e) of the Act within 30 days of receipt.


(3) EPA will also review or re-review confidentiality claims under certain other circumstances, as set out in section 14(f) of the Act. Review under section 14(f) of the Act are conducted in accordance with procedures set out in § 703.8.


(c) Commencement of the review period and effect of amendments. Subject to § 703.5(e), the 90-day review period described in section 14(g) of the Act begins on the day that EPA accepts a new TSCA submission that includes confidentiality claims. For new information, other than specific chemical identity, added to a submission after EPA first accepts the submission, the review will take into account such amendments to that submission that are made either up to 60 days from the original submission date, or until the Agency issues a final confidentiality determination for the submission, whichever comes first. If a submission is amended to report an additional or different chemical substance that includes a new specific chemical identity claim, the TSCA section 14(g) review period for the added chemical identity begins on the day EPA accepts the amendment including the new claim.


(d) Publication of final determinations. Final confidentiality determinations will be published on EPA’s website, or other platform, periodically, in accordance with the requirements of section 26(j) of the Act.


(e) Claim denials and notice period. In the case that EPA determines that a claim or part of a claim is not entitled to confidential treatment, EPA will provide notice of the denial to the person who made the claim and provide reasons for the denial or denial in part. The notice will be provided, as described in § 703.5(h). The 30-day notice period described in section 14(g)(2)(B) of the Act begins on the next business day following the date the notice is made available to the submitter in their CDX account.


(f) Substantive criteria for use in confidentiality determinations. Information claimed as confidential under section 14 of the Act will be approved if all of the following apply:


(1) The business has asserted a business confidentiality claim which has not expired by its terms, nor been waived nor withdrawn;


(2) The business has satisfactorily shown that it has taken reasonable measures to protect the confidentiality of the information, and that it intends to continue to take such measures for as long as the claim is maintained;


(3) The information is not, and has not been, reasonably obtainable without the business’s consent by other persons (other than governmental bodies) by use of legitimate means (other than discovery based on a showing of special need in a judicial or quasi-judicial proceeding; e.g., the business has demonstrated a reasonable basis to believe the information is not readily discoverable through reverse engineering);


(4) The business has demonstrated a reasonable basis to conclude that disclosure of the information is likely to cause substantial harm to the competitive position of the business; and


(5) No statute denies confidential protection to the information. Information from health and safety studies respecting any chemical that has been offered for commercial distribution or for which testing is required under section 4 of the Act or notice is required under section 5 of the Act is not entitled to confidential treatment, except that the following information may be entitled to confidential treatment if it otherwise meets the remainder of criteria in this paragraph (f):


(i) Any information, including formulas (including molecular structures) of a chemical substance or mixture, that discloses processes used in the manufacturing or processing of a chemical substance or mixture; or


(ii) In the case of a mixture, the portion of the mixture comprised by any of the chemical substances in the mixture.


(6) The business adequately demonstrates that the information is commercial or financial information obtained from a person and is confidential within the meaning of FOIA Exemption 4 (5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4)).


(g) Criteria to use in consideration of requests for extension under TSCA section 14(e). Requests to extend the period of confidentiality protection under TSCA section 14(e) will be evaluated using the same criteria as described in paragraph (f) of this section. Requests for extension may rely on a substantiation previously provided to EPA, but the submitter must recertify that the substantiation is still true and correct.


§ 703.8 EPA review of confidentiality claims under TSCA section 14(f).

(a) Review of confidentiality claims initiated under TSCA Section 14(f). In accordance with the procedures described in this section, EPA may review confidentiality claims where authorized by TSCA section 14(f)(1), and will review confidentiality claims subject to TSCA section 14(f)(2) in the following situations:


(1) In response to a request under the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552) for TSCA information claimed confidential;


(2) If EPA has reason to believe that information claimed confidential does not qualify for protection from disclosure; or


(3) For any chemical substance which EPA determines under TSCA section 6(b)(4)(A) presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment.


(b) Substantiation exemptions not applicable. The exemptions from substantiation requirements contained in section 14(c)(2) of TSCA do not apply to confidentiality claims reviewed under this section 703.8, even if such exemptions applied when the information was originally submitted to EPA.


(c) Additional substantiation. If necessary, such as where substantiation has not previously been provided for confidentiality claims under review, or where EPA has reason to believe the substantiation is incomplete or out of date, EPA will request additional substantiation from the person(s) that claimed the information as confidential.


(d) Additional substantiation notice. If additional substantiation is necessary, EPA will provide notice to the person that claimed the information as confidential in the manner specified in § 703.5(h)(4). The notice will provide the time allowed for additional substantiation from the business and the method for requesting a time extension if necessary. If the person does not make a timely response or extension request, EPA will consider any existing substantiations in its review of the claims or, in the case of any unsubstantiated claim, EPA will construe this as a waiver of the claim and may make the information public without any further notice to the submitter.


(e) Substantive criteria for use in confidentiality determinations. The criteria in § 703.7(f) apply to confidentiality determinations initiated under TSCA section 14(f).


(f) Adverse determinations and notice period. Final determinations will be issued by the General Counsel or their designee, including personnel outside of the Office of General Counsel. Except for instances where claims were waived, if EPA determines that information claimed confidential does not qualify for protection from disclosure, EPA will provide written notice to the person who asserted the claim. The notice will be provided electronically, as described in § 703.5(h)(2). The 30-day notice period described in TSCA section 14(g)(2)(B) begins on the next business day following the date the notice is made available to the submitter in their CDX account.


(g) Disclosure of Information. After a final determination has been made by EPA to release some or all of the information claimed as confidential, the Agency shall make the information available to the public (in the absence of a court order prohibiting disclosure) whenever:


(1) The period provided for commencement by a business of an action to obtain judicial review of the determination has expired without notice to EPA of commencement of such an action; or


(2) The court, in a timely-commenced action, has denied the person’s motion for a preliminary injunction, or has otherwise upheld the EPA determination.


(h) Notice relating to public requests for records. Any person whose request for release of the information under 5 U.S.C. 552 is pending at the time notice is given under paragraph (f) of this section shall be furnished notice under 5 U.S.C. 552 either stating the circumstances under which the some or all of the information will be released or denying the request if all requested information was found to be entitled to confidential treatment.


PART 704—REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS


Authority:15 U.S.C. 2607(a).

Subpart A—General Reporting and Recordkeeping Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules

§ 704.1 Scope.

(a) This part specifies reporting and recordkeeping procedures under section 8(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for manufacturers, importers, and processors of chemical substances and mixtures (hereafter collectively referred to as substances) that are identified in subpart B of this part. The reporting and recordkeeping provisions in subpart A of this part apply throughout this part unless revised in any other subpart.


(b) Subpart B of this part sets out chemical-specific reporting and recordkeeping requirements under section 8(a) of TSCA.


[53 FR 51715, Dec. 22, 1988, as amended at 60 FR 31920, June 19, 1995]


§ 704.3 Definitions.

All definitions as set forth in section 3 of TSCA apply in this part. In addition, the following definitions are provided for the purposes of this part.


Annual means the corporate fiscal year.


Article means a manufactured item (1) which is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture, (2) which has end use function(s) dependent in whole or in part upon its shape or design during end use, and (3) which has either no change of chemical composition during its end use or only those changes of composition which have no commercial purpose separate from that of the article, and that result from a chemical reaction that occurs upon end use of other chemical substances, mixtures, or articles; except that fluids and particles are not considered articles regardless of shape or design.


Byproduct means a chemical substance produced without a separate commercial intent during the manufacture, processing, use, or disposal of another chemical substance(s) or mixture(s).


CAS Number means Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number.


Coproduct means a chemical substance produced for a commercial purpose during the manufacture, processing, use, or disposal of another chemical substance or mixture.


Customer means any person to whom a manufacturer, importer, or processor directly distributes any quantity of a chemical substance, mixture, mixture containing the substance or mixture, or article containing the substance or mixture, whether or not a sale is involved.


Domestic means within the geographical boundaries of the 50 United States, including the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States.


Enclosed process means a manufacturing or processing operation that is designed and operated so that there is no intentional release into the environment of any substance present in the operation. An operation with fugitive, inadvertent, or emergency pressure relief releases remains an enclosed process so long as measures are taken to prevent worker exposure to and environmental contamination from the releases.


EPA means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.


Import means to import for commercial purposes.


Import for commercial purposes means to import with the purpose of obtaining an immediate or eventual commercial advantage for the importer, and includes the importation of any amount of a chemical substance or mixture. If a chemical substance or mixture containing impurities is imported for commercial purposes, then those impurities also are imported for commercial purposes.


Import in bulk form means to import a chemical substance (other than as part of a mixture or article) in any quantity, in cans, bottles, drums, barrels, packages, tanks, bags, or other containers, if the chemical substance is intended to be removed from the container and the substance has an end use or commercial purpose separate from the container.


Importer means (1) any person who imports any chemical substance or any chemical substance as part of a mixture or article into the customs territory of the United States, and includes:


(i) The person primarily liable for the payment of any duties on the merchandise, or


(ii) An authorized agent acting on his behalf.


(2) Importer also includes, as appropriate:


(i) The consignee.


(ii) The importer of record.


(iii) The actual owner if an actual owner’s declaration and superseding bond have been filed in accordance with 19 CFR 141.20.


(iv) The transferee, if the right to draw merchandise in a bonded warehouse has been transferred in accordance with subpart C of 19 CFR part 144.


(3) For the purposes of this definition, the customs territory of the United States consists of the 50 States, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.


Impurity means a chemical substance which is unintentionally present with another chemical substance.


Intermediate means any chemical substance that is consumed, in whole or in part, in chemical reactions used for the intentional manufacture of other chemical substances or mixtures, or that is intentionally present for the purpose of altering the rates of such chemical reactions.


Known to or reasonably ascertainable by means all information in a person’s possession or control, plus all information that a reasonable person similarly situated might be expected to possess, control, or know.


Manufacture means to manufacture for commercial purposes.


Manufacture for commercial purposes means: (1) To import, produce, or manufacture with the purpose of obtaining an immediate or eventual commercial advantage for the manufacturer, and includes among other things, such “manufacture” of any amount of a chemical substance or mixture:


(i) For commercial distribution, including for test marketing.


(ii) For use by the manufacturer, including use for product research and development, or as an intermediate.


(2) Manufacture for commercial purposes also applies to substances that are produced coincidentally during the manufacture, processing, use, or disposal of another substance or mixture, including both byproducts that are separated from that other substance or mixture and impurities that remain in that substance or mixture. Such byproducts and impurities may, or may not, in themselves have commercial value. They are nonetheless produced for the purpose of obtaining a commercial advantage since they are part of the manufacture of a chemical product for a commercial purpose.


Manufacturer means a person who imports, produces, or manufactures a chemical substance. A person who extracts a component chemical substance from a previously existing chemical substance or a complex combination of substances is a manufacturer of that component chemical substance.


Non-isolated intermediate means any intermediate that is not intentionally removed from the equipment in which it is manufactured, including the reaction vessel in which it is manufactured, equipment which is ancillary to the reaction vessel, and any equipment through which the substance passes during a continuous flow process, but not including tanks or other vessels in which the substance is stored after its manufacture. Mechanical or gravity transfer through a closed system is not considered to be intentional removal, but storage or transfer to shipping containers “isolates” the substance by removing it from process equipment in which it is manufactured.


Own or control means ownership of 50 percent or more of a company’s voting stock or other equity rights, or the power to control the management and policies of that company. A company may own or control one or more sites. A company may be owned or controlled by a foreign or domestic parent company.


Parent company is a company that owns or controls another company.


Person includes any individual, firm, company, corporation, joint venture, partnership, sole proprietorship, association, or any other business entity; any State or political subdivision thereof; any municipality; any interstate body; and any department, agency, or instrumentality of the Federal Government.


Possession or control means in the possession or control of any person, or of any subsidiary, partnership in which the person is a general partner, parent company, or any company or partnership which the parent company owns or controls, if the subsidiary, parent company, or other company or partnership is associated with the person in the research, development, test marketing, or commercial marketing of the substance in question. Information is in the possession or control of a person if it is:


(1) In the person’s own files including files maintained by employees of the person in the course of their employment.


(2) In commercially available data bases to which the person has purchased access.


(3) Maintained in the files in the course of employment by other agents of the person who are associated with research, development, test marketing, or commercial marketing of the chemical substance in question.


Process means to process for commercial purposes.


Process for commercial purposes means the preparation of a chemical substance or mixture after its manufacture for distribution in commerce with the purpose of obtaining an immediate or eventual commercial advantage for the processor. Processing of any amount of a chemical substance or mixture is included in this definition. If a chemical substance or mixture containing impurities is processed for commercial purposes, then the impurities also are processed for commercial purposes.


Processor means any person who processes a chemical substance or mixture.


Production volume means the quantity of a substance which is produced by a manufacturer, as measured in kilograms or pounds.


Propose to manufacture, import, or process means that a person has made a firm management decision to commit financial resources for the manufacture, import, or processing of a specified chemical substance or mixture.


Site means a contiguous property unit. Property divided only by a public right-of-way shall be considered one site. There may be more than one plant on a single site. The site for a person who imports a substance is the site of the operating unit within the person’s organization which is directly responsible for importing the substance and which controls the import transaction and may in some cases be the organization’s headquarters office in the United States.


Small government means the government of a city, county, town, township, village, school district, or special district with a population of less than 50,000.


Small manufacturer means a manufacturer (including importer) that meets either of the following standards:


(1) First standard. A manufacturer (including importer) of a substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $120 million. However, if the annual production or importation volume of a particular substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the manufacturer or importer is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 lbs), the manufacturer (including importer) will not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the production or importation of that substance at that site, unless the manufacturer (including importer) qualifies as small under paragraph (2) of this definition.


(2) Second standard. A manufacturer (including importer) of a substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $12 million, regardless of the quantity of substances produced or imported by that manufacturer (including importer).


(3) Inflation index. EPA shall make use of the Producer Price Index for Chemicals and Allied Products, as compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, for purposes of determining the need to adjust the total annual sales values and for determining new sales values when adjustments are made. EPA may adjust the total annual sales values whenever the Agency deems it necessary to do so, provided that the five-year average of the Producer Price Index for Chemicals and Allied Products has changed more than 20 percent since either the most recent previous change in sales values or May 28, 2020, whichever is later. EPA shall provide Federal Register notification when changing the total annual sales values.


Small quantities solely for research and development (or “small quantities solely for purposes of scientific experimentation or analysis or chemical research on, or analysis of, such substance or another substance, including such research or analysis for the development of a product”) means quantities of a chemical substance manufactured, imported, or processed or proposed to be manufactured, imported, or processed solely for research and development that are not greater than reasonably necessary for such purposes.


Substance means either a chemical substance or mixture unless otherwise indicated.


Test marketing means the distribution in commerce of no more than a predetermined amount of a chemical substance, mixture, article containing that chemical substance or mixture, or a mixture containing that substance, by a manufacturer or processor, to no more than a defined number of potential customers to explore market capability in a competitive situation during a predetermined testing period prior to the broader distribution of that chemical substance, mixture, or article in commerce.


Total annual sales means the total annual revenue (in dollars) generated by the sale of all products of a company. Total annual sales must include the total annual sales revenue of all sites owned or controlled by that company and the total annual sales revenue of that company’s subsidiaries and foreign or domestic parent company, if any.


TSCA means the Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.


[53 FR 51715, Dec. 22, 1988, as amended at 76 FR 50858, Aug. 16, 2011; 76 FR 54933, Sept. 6, 2011; 85 FR 31995, May 28, 2020]


§ 704.5 Exemptions.

A person who is subject to reporting requirements for a substance identified in this part is exempt from those requirements to the extent that the person and that person’s use of the substance is described in this section. This section is superseded by any TSCA section 8(a) rule that adds to, removes, or revises the exemptions described in this section.


(a) Articles. A person who imports, processes, or proposes to import or process a substance identified in this part solely as part of an article is exempt from the reporting requirements of this part with regard to that substance.


(b) Byproducts. A person who manufactures, imports, or proposes to manufacture or import a substance identified in this part solely as a byproduct is exempt from the reporting requirements of this part.


(c) Impurities. A person who manufactures, imports, processes, or proposes to manufacture, import, or process a substance identified in this part solely as an impurity is exempt from the reporting requirements of this part.


(d) Non-isolated intermediate. A person who manufactures or proposes to manufacture a substance identified in this part solely as a non-isolated intermediate is exempt from the reporting requirements of this part.


(e) Research and development. A person who manufactures, imports, processes, or proposes to manufacture, import, or process a substance identified in this part only in small quantities solely for research and development is exempt from the reporting requirements of this part.


(f) Small manufacturers and importers. Small manufacturers and importers are exempt from the reporting requirements of this part.


[53 FR 51717, Dec. 22, 1988]


§ 704.7 Confidential business information claims.

Claims of confidentiality must be made in accordance with the procedures described in 40 CFR part 703.


[88 FR 37171, June 7, 2023]


§ 704.9 Where to send reports.

Reports must be submitted by certified mail to the Document Control Office (DCO) (7407M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001, ATTN: 8(a) Reporting.


[60 FR 34463, July 3, 1995, as amended at 71 FR 33641, June 12, 2006]


§ 704.11 Recordkeeping.

Each person who is subject to the reporting requirements of this part must retain the following records for 3 years following the creation or compilation of the record.


(a) A copy of each report submitted by the person in response to the requirements of this part.


(b) Materials and documentation sufficient to verify or reconstruct the values submitted in the report.


(c) A copy of each notice sent by the person, return receipt requested, to that person’s customers for the purpose of notifying their customers of the customer’s reporting obligations under this part.


(d) All return receipts signed by the person’s customers who received the notice described in paragraph (c) of this section.


[53 FR 51717, Dec. 22, 1988, as amended at 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993]


§ 704.13 Compliance and enforcement.

Violators of the requirements of this part may be subject to civil administrative penalties up to $25,000 per day of violation or criminal prosecution, as provided in sections 15 and 16 of TSCA. In addition, under section 17, EPA may seek judicial relief to compel submission of required information.


[53 FR 51717, Dec. 22, 1989]


Subpart B—Chemical-Specific Reporting and Recordkeeping Rules

§ 704.20 Chemical substances manufactured or processed at the nanoscale.

(a) Definitions. For purposes of this section the terms below are defined as follows:


An agglomerate is a collection of weakly bound particles or aggregates or mixtures of the two where the resulting external surface area is similar to the sum of the surface areas of the individual components.


An aggregate is a particle comprising strongly bonded or fused particles where the resulting external surface area may be significantly smaller than the sum of calculated surface areas of the individual components.


Central Data Exchange or CDX means EPA’s centralized electronic submission receiving system.


CISS tool means the Chemical Information Submission System, EPA’s electronic, web-based reporting tool for the completion and submission of data, reports, and other information, or its successors.


Discrete form of a reportable chemical substance differs from another form of the same reportable chemical substance in one or more of the following 3 characteristics:


(i) The change in the reportable chemical substance is due to all of the following:


(A) There is a change in process to effect a change in size, a change in one or more of the properties of the reportable chemical substances identified in paragraph (i)(C) of this definition, or both;


(B) There is a size variation in the mean particle size that is greater than 7 times the standard deviation of the mean particle size (± 7 times the standard deviation); and


(C) There is a change in at least one of the following properties: Zeta potential, specific surface area, dispersion stability, or surface reactivity, that is greater than 7 times the standard deviation of the measured value (± 7 times the standard deviation).


(ii) The reportable chemical substance has a different morphology. Examples of morphologies include but are not limited to sphere, rod, ellipsoid, cylinder, needle, wire, fiber, cage, hollow shell, tree, flower, ring, torus, cone, and sheet.


(iii) A reportable chemical substance that is coated with another chemical substance or mixture at the end of manufacturing or processing has a coating that consists of a different chemical substance or mixture.


Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program was a program conducted by EPA from January 2008 to December 2009 under which some nanoscale material manufacturers and processors voluntarily provided EPA available information on engineered nanoscale materials that were manufactured, processed or used.


Particle is a minute piece of matter with defined physical boundaries.


Primary particles are particles or droplets that form during manufacture of a chemical substance before aggregation or agglomerization occurs.


Reportable chemical substance is a chemical substance as defined in section 3 of TSCA that is solid at 25 °C and standard atmospheric pressure, that is manufactured or processed in a form where any particles, including aggregates and agglomerates, are in the size range of 1-100 nm in at least one dimension, and that is manufactured or processed to exhibit unique and novel properties because of its size. A reportable chemical substance does not include a chemical substance that is manufactured or processed in a form where less than 1% of any particles, including aggregates, and agglomerates, measured by weight are in the size range of 1-100 nm.


Small manufacturer or processor means any manufacturer or processor whose total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $11 million. The definition of small manufacturer in section 704.3 of this title does not apply to reporting under this section (40 CFR 704.20).


Specific surface area means the ratio of the area of the surface of the reportable chemical substance to its mass or volume. Specific surface area by mass is the ratio of the area of the surface of a nanoscale material divided by the mass (m
2/kg) and the specific surface area by volume is the area of the surface of the reportable chemical substance divided by its volume m
2/m
3.


Surface reactivity means the reactivity at the surface of a reportable chemical substance. It is dependent upon factors such as redox potential, which is a measure of the tendency of a substance to lose or acquire electrons, photocatalytic activity, including the potential to generate free radicals.


Unique and novel properties means any size-dependent properties that vary from those associated with other forms or sizes of the same chemical substance, and such properties are a reason that the chemical substance is manufactured or processed in that form or size.


Zeta potential is the electrostatic potential near the particle surface.


(b) Persons who must report. (1) Persons who can reasonably ascertain that they are manufacturers and processors of a discrete form of a reportable chemical substance during the three years prior to the final effective date of the rule must report except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section.


(2) Persons who can reasonably ascertain that they propose to manufacture or process a discrete form of a reportable chemical substance after the final effective date of the rule which was not reported under paragraph (b)(1) of this section must report except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section.


(c) When reporting is not required. (1) The following chemical substances are not subject to reporting under this section:


(i) Chemical substances formed at the nanoscale as part of a film on a surface.


(ii) DNA.


(iii) RNA.


(iv) Proteins.


(v) Enzymes.


(vi) Lipids.


(vii) Carbohydrates.


(viii) Peptides.


(ix) Liposomes.


(x) Antibodies.


(xi) Viruses.


(xii) Microorganisms.


(xiii) Chemical substances which dissociate completely in water to form ions that are smaller than 1 nanometer.


(xiv) Chemical substances that are not on the TSCA Chemical Substance Inventory at the time reporting would otherwise be required under this section.


(2) Persons who submitted a notice under 40 CFR parts 720, 721, or 723 for a reportable chemical substance on or after January 1, 2005 are not required to submit a report for the reportable chemical substance submitted except where the person manufactures or processes a discrete form of the reportable chemical substance.


(3) Section 704.5(a) through (e) apply to reporting under this section. Small manufacturers and processors as defined in paragraph (a) of this section are exempt from reporting under this section.


(4) Persons who submitted some or all of the required information for a reportable chemical substance as part of the Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program are not required to report the information previously submitted except where the person manufactures or processes a discrete form of the reportable chemical substance.


(d) What information to report. The following information must be reported for each discrete form of a reportable chemical substance to the extent that it is known to or reasonably ascertainable by the person reporting:


(1) The common or trade name, the specific chemical identity including the correct Chemical Abstracts (CA) Index Name and available Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number, and the molecular structure of each chemical substance or mixture. Information must be reported as specified in § 720.45.


(2) Material characteristics including particle size, morphology, and surface modifications.


(3) Physical/chemical properties.


(4) The maximum weight percentage of impurities and byproducts resulting from the manufacture, processing, use, or disposal of each chemical substance.


(5)(i) Persons described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must report the annual production volume for the previous three years before the effective date of the final rule and an estimate of the maximum production volume for any consecutive 12-month period during the next two years of production after the final effective date of this rule.


(ii) Persons described in paragraph (b)(2) of this section must report the estimated maximum 12 month production volume and the estimated maximum production volume for any consecutive 12 month period during the first three years of production.


(iii) Estimates for paragraphs (d)(5)(i) and (ii) of this section must be on 100% chemical basis of the discrete form of the solid nanoscale material.


(6) Use information describing the category of each use by function and application, estimates of the amount manufactured or processed for each category of use, and estimates of the percentage in the formulation for each use.


(7) Detailed information on methods of manufacturing or processing.


(8) Exposure information with estimates of the number of individuals exposed in their places of employment, descriptions and duration of the occupational tasks that cause such exposure, descriptions and estimates of any general population or consumer exposures.


(9) Release information with estimates of the amounts released, descriptions and duration of the activities that cause such releases, and whether releases are directly to the environment or to control technology.


(10) Risk management practices describing protective equipment for individuals, engineering controls, control technologies used, any hazard warning statement, label, safety data sheet, customer training, or other information which is provided to any person who is reasonably likely to be exposed to this substance regarding protective equipment or practices for the safe handing, transport, use, or disposal of the substance.


(11) Existing information concerning the environmental and health effects.


(e) How to report. You must use CDX and the CISS tool to complete and submit the information required under this part to EPA electronically.


(1) Reporting form. You must complete EPA Form No. 7710-xx, TSCA § 8(a) Reporting for Nanoscale Materials: Information Submission Form.


(2) Electronic submission. You must submit the required information to EPA electronically via CDX and using the CISS tool.


(i) To access the CDX portal, go to https://cdx.epa.gov.


(ii) The CISS tool is accessible in CDX.


(f) When to report. (1) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must report the information specified in paragraph (d) of this section within one year after the final effective date of the rule.


(2) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section must report the information specified in paragraph (d) of this section at least 135 days before commencing manufacture or processing of a discrete form of the reportable chemical substance, except where the person has not formed an intent to manufacture or process that discrete form at least 135 days before commencing such manufacture or processing, in which case the information must be filed within 30 days of the formation of such an intent.


(g) Recordkeeping. Any person subject to the reporting requirements of this section is subject to the recordkeeping requirements in § 704.11(a) and (b).


(h) Confidential business information. (1) Persons submitting a notice under this rule are subject to the requirements for confidential business information claims in § 704.7(a) through (c).


(2) In submitting a claim of confidentiality, a person attests to the truth of the following four statements concerning all information which is claimed confidential:


(i) My company has taken measures to protect the confidentiality of the information,


(ii) I have determined that the information is not required to be disclosed or otherwise made available to the public under any other Federal law.


(iii) I have a reasonable basis to conclude that disclosure of the information is likely to cause substantial harm to the competitive position of the person.


(iv) I have a reasonable basis to believe that the information is not readily discoverable through reverse engineering.


[82 FR 3653, Jan. 12, 2017]


§ 704.25 11-Aminoundecanoic acid.

(a) Definitions—(1) 11-AA means the chemical substance 11-aminoundecanoic acid, CAS Number 2432-99-7.


(2) Enclosed process means a process that is designed and operated so that there is no intentional release of any substance present in the process. A process with fugitive, inadvertent, or emergency pressure relief releases remains an enclosed process so long as measures are taken to prevent worker exposure to an environmental contamination from the releases.


(3) Internal subunit means a subunit that is covalently linked to at least two other subunits. Internal subunits of polymer molecules are chemically derived from monomer molecules that have formed covalent links between two or more other molecules.


(4) Monomer means a chemical substance that has the capacity to form links between two or more other molecules.


(5) Polymer means a chemical substance that consists of at least a simple weight majority of polymer molecules but consists of less than a simple weight majority of molecules with the same molecular weight. Collectively, such polymer molecules must be distributed over a range of molecular weights wherein differences in molecular weight are primarily attributable to differences in the number of internal subunits.


(6) Polymer molecule means a molecule which includes at least four covalently linked subunits, at least two of which are internal subunits.


(7) Small processor means a processor that meets either the standard in paragraph (a)(7)(i) of this section or the standard in paragraph (a)(7)(ii) of this section.


(i) First standard. A processor of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company, if any, are less than $40 million. However, if the annual processing volume of a particular chemical substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the processor is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds), the processor shall not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the processing of that chemical substance at that site, unless the processor qualifies as small under paragraph (a)(7)(ii) of this section.


(ii) Second standard. A processor of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $4 million, regardless of the quantity of the particular chemical substance processed by that company.


(iii) Inflation index. EPA will use the Inflation Index described in the definition of small manufacturer set forth in § 704.3, for purposes of adjusting the total annual sales values of this small processor definition. EPA will provide notice in the Federal Register when changing the total annual sales values of this definition.


(8) Subunit means an atom or group of associated atoms chemically derived from corresponding reactants.


(b) Persons who must report. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, the following persons are subject to this section:


(1) Persons who manufacture or propose to manufacture 11-AA:


(i) For use as an intermediate in the manufacture of polymers in an enclosed process when it is expected that the 11-AA will be fully polymerized during the manufacturing process, or


(ii) For use as a component in photoprocessing solutions.


(2) Persons who import or propose to import 11-AA:


(i) For use as an intermediate in the manufacture of polymers in an enclosed process when it is expected that the 11-AA will be fully polymerized during the manufacturing process, or


(ii) For use as a component in photoprocessing solutions.


(3) Persons who process or propose to process 11-AA:


(i) For use as an intermediate in the manufacture of polymers in an enclosed process when it is expected that the 11-AA will be fully polymerized during the manufacturing process, or


(ii) For use as a component in photoprocessing solutions.


(c) Persons not subject to this section. The following persons are not subject to this section:


(1) Small manufacturers (includes importers) as described in § 704.3.


(2) Small processors.


(3) Persons described in § 704.5.


(4) Persons who, at any time during the 3-year period ending July 22, 1986, manufactured, imported, or processed 11-AA:


(i) For use as an intermediate in the manufacture of polymers in an enclosed process when it is expected that the 11-AA will be fully polymerized during the manufacturing process, or


(ii) For use as a component in photoprocessing solutions.


(d) What information to report. Persons identified in paragraph (b) of this section must submit a Premanufacture Notice Form (EPA Form 7710-25).


(e) When to report. (1) Persons who intend to manufacture, import, or process 11-AA for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of polymers in an enclosed process when it is expected that the 11-AA will be fully polymerized during the manufacturing process or for use as a component in photoprocessing solutions must notify EPA within 30 days after making a firm management decision to commit financial resources for the manufacturing, importing, or processing of 11-AA.


(2) Persons who initiated manufacturing, importing, or processing of 11-AA for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of polymers in an enclosed process when it is expected that the 11-AA will be fully polymerized during the manufacturing process, or for use as a component in photoprocessing solutions during the time period between July 22, 1986 and July 13, 1987 must notify EPA by August 10, 1987.


(f) Recordkeeping. Persons subject to the reporting requirements of this section must retain documentation of information contained in their reports for a period of 5 years from the date of submission of the report.


(g) Where to send reports. Reports must be submitted by certified mail to the Document Control Office (DCO) (7407M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001, ATTN: 11-AA Notification.


[52 FR 19864, May 28, 1987, as amended at 60 FR 16308, Mar. 29, 1995; 60 FR 34463, July 3, 1995; 71 FR 33641, June 12, 2006]


§ 704.33 P-tert-butylbenzoic acid (P-TBBA), p-tert-butyltoluene (P-TBT) and p-tert-butylbenzaldehyde (P-TBB).

(a) Definitions—(1) P-TBBA means the substance p-tert-butylbenzoic acid, also identified as 4-(1,1-dimethylethyl)benzoic acid, CAS No. 98-73-7.


(2) P-TBT means the substance p-tert-butyltoluene, also identified as 1-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methylbenzene, CAS No. 98-51-1.


(3) P-TBB means the substance p-tert-butylbenzaldehyde, also identified as 4-(1,1-dimethylethyl)benzaldehyde, CAS No. 939-97-9.


(4) Small processor means a processor that meets either the standard in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section or the standard in paragraph (a)(4)(ii) of this section.


(i) First standard. A processor of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company, if any, are less than $40 million. However, if the annual processing volume of a particular chemical substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the processor is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds), the processor shall not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the processing of that chemical substance at that site, unless the processor qualifies as small under paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section.


(ii) Second standard. A processor of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $4 million, regardless of the quantity of the particular chemical substance processed by that company.


(iii) Inflation index. EPA shall use the Inflation Index described in the definition of small manufacturer that is set forth in § 704.3, for purposes of adjusting the total annual sales values of this small processor definition. EPA shall provide Federal Register notification when changing the total annual sales values of this definition.


(b) Persons who must report. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, the following persons are subject to the reporting requirements of this rule; a person may become subject to this rule more than once, for more than one substance or under more than one of the criteria listed in this paragraph (b).


(1) Persons who manufactured, imported, or processed P-TBBA, P-TBT, and/or P-TBB for commercial purposes during the person’s latest complete corporate fiscal year prior to June 25, 1986. For purposes of this provision, processors of P-TBBA, P-TBT, and/or P-TBB shall include only those persons who processed the substances other than as non-isolated intermediates.


(2) Persons who commence manufacture or importation of P-TBBA, P-TBT, and/or P-TBB for commercial purposes after June 25, 1986. This provision is applicable to persons who cease manufacture or importation of P-TBBA, P-TBT, and/or P-TBB after June 25, 1986 and then subsequently resume manufacture or importation of the substance(s).


(3) Persons who process P-TBBA, P-TBT, and/or P-TBB for commercial purposes in any way other than as a non-isolated intermediate after June 25, 1986.


(c) Persons not subject to this rule. In addition to the persons described in § 704.5, small processors, as defined in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, are not subject to this rule.


(d) Information to report. Persons subject to this rule as described in paragraph (b) of this section shall report information to EPA as specified in this paragraph (d). Respondents to this rule shall report all information that is known to or reasonably ascertainable by the person reporting. For purposes of importer reporting under this paragraph, a site is the operating unit within the person’s organization which is directly responsible for importing the substance and which controls the import transaction. The import site may in some cases be the organization’s headquarters office in the United States.


(1) All manufacturers, importers, and processors specified in paragraph (b) of this section shall report their name and headquarters address.


(2) All manufacturers, importers, and processors specified in paragraph (b) of this section shall report the name, address, and office telephone number (including area code) of their principal technical contact.


(3) All manufacturers, importers, and processors specified in paragraph (b) of this section shall report the name and address of each site where P-TBBA, P-TBT, and/or P-TBB is manufactured, imported, or processed.


(4) All manufacturers, importers, and processors specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section only shall report the information described in this paragraph (d)(4). Respondents to this paragraph (d)(4) shall report separately for each substance that they manufacture, import, or process, and for each site at which they do so. However, if the information to be reported in response to this paragraph (d)(4) is the same for different sites, the respondent need not report separately for each site but need only notify EPA that the information is the same for each site. The information to be reported under this paragraph (d)(4) shall cover the respondent’s latest complete corporate fiscal year prior to June 25, 1986. Respondents to this paragraph (d)(4) shall report the following information:


(i) The total quantity (by weight) of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB manufactured, imported, or processed for commercial purposes per site.


(ii) A narrative description of the manufacturing, importing, or processing operation(s) involving P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site.


(iii) A narrative description of worker activities involving P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site, including the number of workers potentially exposed to each substance and, if applicable, the number of workers potentially exposed to more than one substance.


(iv) The potential routes of worker exposure to P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site (e.g., inhalation, ingestion, dermal absorption).


(v) Available monitoring data from employee breathing zones with potential exposure to P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site, including a description of the method of monitoring, the number of samples taken, and the potential number of workers similarly exposed for each worker job category. Respondents to this paragraph (d)(4)(v) shall submit data showing a range of 8-hour time weighted averages (TWAs), provided that the data are available in that form. Respondents also shall submit a calculated geometric mean of these data, with an explanation of the method by which the mean was derived. However, if the monitoring data are not available in the form of 8-hour TWAs, respondents shall submit raw sample data results and the duration time of sampling for each job category.


(vi) A narrative description of any personal protective equipment and/or engineering controls used to prevent exposure to P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site.


(vii) A listing of the estimated quantities of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB released directly into air, water, or land from each site.


(viii) A narrative description of the times during the manufacturing, importing, or processing operations involving P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB when environmental release occurs at each site.


(ix) A narrative description of any engineering controls used to prevent environmental release of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site.


(x) A narrative description of all known end uses of any P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB that is manufactured, imported, or processed by the respondent. The narrative need not include customer identity.


(xi) A narrative description of the methods used at each site for disposing of wastes generated during the manufacture, importation, or processing of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB, including the quantity and content of such wastes (per site), the method of disposal, and an identification of the disposal site(s).


(5) All manufactureres, importers, and processors specified in paragraph (b) of this section shall report the information described in this paragraph (d)(5). Respondents to this paragraph (d)(5) shall report separately for each substance that they intend to manufacture, import, or process during the first 2 years following the date on which they become subject to this rule. The data reported under this paragraph (d)(5) shall cover that 2-year period. Respondents to this paragraph (d)(5) shall report separately for each site at which they intend to manufacture, import, or process each substance. Respondents need not comply with this paragraph (d)(5) if the information to be reported is identical to that reported by the respondent under paragraph (d)(4) of this section, provided that the respondent makes note of that fact to EPA. Respondents to this paragraph (d)(5) shall report the following information:


(i) An estimate of the total quantity (by weight) of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB that the respondent intends to manufacture, import, or process for commercial purposes per site during each of the first 2 years following the date on which the respondent becomes subject to this rule.


(ii) A narrative description of the intended manufacturing, importing, or processing activities involving P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site during the first 2 years following the date on which the respondent becomes subject to this rule. The description shall include a summary of the intended manufacturing, importing, or processing operation(s); a summary of intended worker activities involving the substances, including an estimate of the number of persons anticipated to be exposed annually to P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB (per site) during the 2-year period, the anticipated routes of worker exposure to the substances (e.g., inhalation, ingestion, dermal absorption); and a summary of any personal protective equipment and/or engineering controls that the respondent intends to use to prevent exposure to the substances.


(iii) A narrative description of anticipated environmental releases of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB at each site from the manufacture, importation, or processing of these substances during the first 2 years following the date on which the respondent becomes subject to this rule. The narrative shall include the anticipated quantities of each substance released directly into air, water, or land, the anticipated routes of environmental release, and any intended engineering controls to be used to prevent environmental release of the substances.


(iv) A narrative description of all anticipated end uses or P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB resulting from the respondent’s manufacture, importation, or processing of the substances during the first 2 years following the date on which the respondent becomes subject to this rule. The summary need not include customer identity.


(v) A narrative summary of the anticipated disposal of wastes generated from the manufacture, importation, or processing of P-TBBA, P-TBT, or P-TBB during the first 2 years following the date on which the respondent becomes subject to this rule. The summary shall include the anticipated quantity and content of such wastes (per site), the intended method of disposal, and an identification of intended disposal site(s).


(e) When to report. Persons subject to this rule must submit the requisite information to EPA within 60 days of becoming subject to the rule under the standards set forth in paragraph (b) of this section.


(f) Certification. Persons subject to this rule must attach the following statement to any information submitted to EPA in response to this rule: “I hereby certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, all of the attached information is complete and accurate.” This statement shall be signed and dated by the company’s principal technical contact.


(g) Recordkeeping. Persons subject to the reporting requirements of this section must retain documentation of information contained in their reports for a period of 5 years from the date of the submission of the report.


[51 FR 17339, May 12, 1986; 51 FR 18323, May 19, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 20083, May 29, 1987; 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993]


§ 704.43 Chlorinated naphthalenes.

(a) Definitions—(1) Extent of chlorination means the percent by weight of chlorine.


(2) Import means to import in bulk form or as part of a mixture.


(3) Isomeric ratio means the relative amounts of each isomeric chlorinated naphthalene that composes the chemical substance; and for each isomer the relative amounts of each chlorinated naphthalene designated by the position of the chlorine atom(s) on the naphthalene.


(4) Polychlorinated biphenyl means any chemical substance that is limited to the biphenyl molecule and that has been chlorinated to varying degrees.


(5) Small manufacturer means a manufacturer (including importers) who meets either paragraph (a)(5) (i) or (ii) of this section:


(i) A manufacturer of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $40 million. However, if the annual production volume of a particular chemical substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the manufacturer is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds), the manufacturer shall not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the production of that chemical substance at that site, unless the manufacturer qualifies as small under paragraph (a)(5)(ii) of this section.


(ii) A manufacturer of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $4 million, regardless of the quantity of the particular chemical substance produced by that manufacturer.


(iii) For imported mixtures containing a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section, the 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds) standard in paragraph (a)(5)(i) of this section applies only to the amount of the chemical substance in a mixture and not the other components of the mixture.


(6) Waste means any solid liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material that results from the production of a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section and which is to be disposed.


(b) Substances for which reports must be submitted.


CAS registry number
Chemical substance
90-13-1Naphthalene, 1-chloro-
91-58-7Naphthalene, 2-chloro-
1321-64-8Naphthalene, pentachloro-
1321-65-9Naphthalene, trichloro-
1335-87-1Naphthalene, hexachloro-
1335-88-2Naphthalene, tetrachloro-
1825-30-5Naphthalene, 1,5-dichloro-
1825-31-6Naphthalene, 1,4-dichloro-
2050-69-3Naphthalene, 1,2-dichloro-
2050-72-8Naphthalene, 1,6-dichloro-
2050-73-9Naphthalene, 1,7-dichloro-
2050-74-0Naphthalene, 1,8-dichloro-
2050-75-1Naphthalene, 2,3-dichloro-
2065-70-5Naphthalene, 2,6-dichloro-
2198-75-6Naphthalene, 1,3-dichloro-
2198-77-8Naphthalene, 2,7-dichloro-
2234-13-1Naphthalene, octachloro-
25586-43-0Naphthalene, chloro-
32241-08-0Naphthalene, heptachloro-
70776-03-3Naphthalene, chloro derivatives.

(c) Persons who must report. (1) Persons who are manufacturing or importing a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section on October 8, 1984.


(2) Persons who propose to import a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section on or after October 8, 1984.


(3) Persons who manufacture a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section after October 8, 1984.


(4) A person is required to report only once for each chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section.


(d) Persons exempt from reporting. (1) Small manufacturers.


(2) Persons described in § 704.5.


(e) What information to report. Persons described in paragraph (c) of this section must notify EPA of current or prospective manufacture or import. The notice must include, to the extent that it is known to or reasonably ascertainable by the person making the report, the following information:


(1) Company name and address.


(2) Name, address, and telephone number of the principal technical contact.


(3) For chemical substances proposed to be imported, the proposed date of import.


(4) A description of the use(s) or intended use(s) for the chemical substance.


(5) A description of the isomeric ratio and extent of chlorination of the chemical substance and the impurity level of polychlorinated biphenyls.


(6) The quantity (by weight) manufactured or imported within 12 months prior to October 8, 1984, if any, and the estimated quantity (by weight) to be manufactured or imported for the first 3 years following the date of the report or the date of the intended start of import whichever occurs later.


(7) The number of persons exposed to the chemical substance during manufacture, import, processing, distribution in commerce, use, and disposal.


(8) If a manufacturer’s waste contains one or more of the chemical substances identified in paragraph (b) of this section, the manufacturer must:


(i) Provide the quantity (by weight) of the chemical substances identified in paragraph (b) of this section present in the waste.


(ii) Identify the constituents of the waste and their concentrations,


(iii) State the rate of waste generation as a percentage of production volume,


(iv) Describe where in the manufacturing process the waste is generated, and


(v) Describe the method for disposal of the waste.


(f) When to report. (1) Persons who are manufacturing or importing a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section on October 8, 1984 must notify EPA by November 6, 1984.


(2) Persons who propose to import a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section on or after October 8, 1984 must notify EPA by November 6, 1984, or 15 days after making the management decision described in § 704.3, whichever is later in time.


(3) Persons who manufacture a chemical substance identified in paragraph (b) of this section after October 8, 1984 must notify EPA within 30 days after the initial date of manufacture.


[49 FR 33653, Aug. 24, 1984; 49 FR 45133, Nov. 15, 1984; 50 FR 1215, Jan. 10, 1985; 51 FR 19839, June 3, 1986; 52 FR 20083, May 29, 1987. Redesignated at 53 FR 51717, Dec. 22, 1988]


§ 704.45 Chlorinated terphenyl.

(a) Definitions—(1) Chlorinated terphenyl means a chemical substance, CAS No. 61788-33-6, comprised of chlorinated ortho-, meta-, and paraterphenyl.


(2) Extent of chlorination means the percent by weight of chlorine for each isomer (ortho, meta, and para).


(3) Isomeric ratio means the ratios of ortho-, meta-, and parachlorinated terphenyls.


(4) Polychlorinated biphenyl means any chemical substance that is limited to the biphenyl molecule that has been chlorinated to varying degrees.


(5) Small manufacturer means a manufacturer (importers are defined as manufacturers under TSCA) who meets either of the following standards under this rule:


(i) First standard. A manufacturer of an existing chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $40 million. However, if the annual production volume of a particular chemical substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the manufacturer is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds), the manufacturer shall not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the production of that chemical substance at the site, unless the manufacturer qualified as small under paragraph (a)(5)(ii) of this section.


(ii) Second standard. A manufacturer of an existing chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $4 million, regardless of the quantity of chemicals produced by that manufacturer.


(b) Persons who must report. Except for small manufacturers and as provided in § 704.5, the following persons are subject to the rule:


(1) Persons who manufacture or propose to manufacture chlorinated terphenyl.


(2) Persons who import (importers) or propose to import chlorinated terphenyl as a chemical substance in bulk or as part of a mixture.


(c) What information to report. Persons subject to this rule as described in paragraph (b) of this section must notify EPA of current or proposed manufacture or import of chlorinated terphenyl. The notice must include, to the extent that it is known to the person making the report or is reasonably ascertainable, the following information:


(1) Company name and address.


(2) Name, address, and telephone number of principal technical contact.


(3) A description of the use(s) or intended use(s) for chlorinated terphenyl.


(4) A description of the isomeric ratio and extent of chlorination of the chlorinated terphenyl and the impurity level of polychlorinated biphenyls.


(5) The quantity (by weight) manufactured or imported within 12 months prior to the effective date of the rule, if any, and the estimated quantity (by weight) to be manufactured or imported for the first three years following the date of the report or the date of the intended start of production, whichever occurs later.


(6) The proposed date for the initiation of manufacturing or importation of chlorinated terphenyl, if appropriate.


(d) When to report. Persons who are manufacturing or importing chlorinated terphenyl on the effective date of the rule must notify EPA within 30 days of the effective date of the rule. Persons who propose to manufacture or import chlorinated terphenyl must notify EPA within 15 days after making the management decision described in § 704.3 “Proposed to manufacture or import”.


[49 FR 11184, Mar. 26, 1984, as amended at 49 FR 32068, Aug. 10, 1984; 50 FR 2048, Jan. 15, 1985; 52 FR 20083, May 29, 1987. Redesignated at 53 FR 51717, Dec. 22, 1988; 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993]


§ 704.95 Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediyl-bis[nitrilobis-(methylene)]]tetrakis- (EDTMPA) and its salts.

(a) Substances for which reporting is required. The chemical substances for which reporting is required under this section are:


CAS No.
Chemical name
1429-50-1Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediyl-bis[nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- (EDTMPA)
15142-96-8Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediyl-bis[nitrilobis(methylene)]] tetrakis-, hexasodium salt
34274-30-1Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediyl-bis[nitrilobis(methylene)]] tetrakis-, potassium salt
57011-27-5Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediyl-bis[nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis-, ammonium salt
67924-23-6Cobaltate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis-[phosphonato]] (8-)]-, pentapotassium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
67969-67-9Cobaltate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- [phosphonato]] (8-)-N,N′,O,O″,O″″,O″″″]-, pentasodium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
67989-89-3Cuprate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- [phosphonato]] (8-)]-, pentapotassium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
68025-39-8Cobaltate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- [phosphonato]] (6-)-N,N′,O,O″,O″″,O″″″]-, pentaammonium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
68188-96-5Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis-, tetrapotassium salt
68309-98-8Cadmate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- [phosphonato]] (8-)]-, pentapotassium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
68901-17-7Phosphonic acid, [1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis-, octaammonium salt
68958-86-1Nickelate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- [phosphonato]] (8-)]-, pentaammonium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
68958-87-2Nickelate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis- [phosphonato]] (8-)]-, pentapotassium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-
68958-88-3Nickelate (6-), [[[1,2-ethanediylbis [nitrilobis (methylene)]] tetrakis [phosphonato]] (8-)]-, pentasodium hydrogen, (OC-6-21)-

(b) Persons who must report. Unless exempt as provided in § 704.5, reports must be submitted by:


(1) Persons who manufacture or import any of the substances identified in paragraph (a) of this section.


(2) Persons who propose to manufacture or propose to import any of the substances identified in paragraph (a) of this section. For the purposes of importer reporting under this section, an import site is the operating unit within the person’s organization which is directly responsible for importing the substance and which controls the import transaction; the import site may in some cases be the organization’s headquarters office in the United States.


(c) What information to report. Persons identified in paragraph (b) of this section must report to EPA, for each of the substances identified in paragraph (a) of this section, the following information to the extent known to or reasonably ascertainable by them.


(1) Initial Report:


(i) Name and Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number of the substance for which the report is submitted.


(ii) Company name and headquarters address.


(iii) Name, address, and telephone number of the principal technical contact.


(iv) The total quantity (by weight in pounds) of the substance manufactured or imported for the person’s most recently completed corporate fiscal year.


(v) A description of the commercial uses of the substance during the person’s most recently completed corporate fiscal year, including the production volume for each use.


(vi) The estimated quantity (by weight in pounds) of the substance proposed to be manufactured or imported in the person’s current corporate fiscal year.


(vii) A description of the intended commercial uses of the substance during the person’s current corporate fiscal year, including the estimated production volume for each use.


(2) Follow-up Report:


(i) Name and Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number of the substance for which the report is submitted.


(ii) Company name and headquarters address.


(iii) Name, address, and telephone number of the principal technical contact.


(iv) The estimated quantity (by weight in pounds) of the substance proposed to be manufactured or imported in the person’s current corporate fiscal year.


(v) A description of the intended commercial uses of the substance during the person’s current corporate fiscal year, including the estimated production volume for each use.


(d) When to report. (1) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section who are manufacturing or importing the substance as of December 5, 1988 must submit an initial report described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section by January 3, 1989.


(2) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section must submit an initial report within 30 days after making the management decision described in § 704.3 or by January 3, 1989, whichever is later.


(3) Persons specified in paragraph (b) of this section, who submitted a report described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, must submit a follow-up report described in paragraph (c)(2) of this section within 30 days of making the management decision, described at § 704.3, to do either of the following events:


(i) Manufacture or import the substance in a quantity 50 percent greater than the quantity reported in the most recently submitted report.


(ii) Manufacture or import the substance for a use not reported for that substance in any previous report.


(e) Certification. Persons subject to this section must attach the following statement to any information submitted to EPA in response to this section: “I hereby certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, all of the attached information is complete and accurate.” This statement must be signed and dated by the company’s principal technical contact.


(f) Recordkeeping. Persons subject to the reporting requirements of this section must retain documentation of information contained in their reports for a period of 5 years from the date of the submission of the report.


[53 FR 41337, Oct. 21, 1988, as amended at 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993]


§ 704.102 Hexachloronorbornadiene.

(a) Definitions—(1) Endrin means the pesticide 2,7:3,6-Dimethanonaphth[2,3-b]oxirene,3,4,5,6,9,9-hexachloro-1a,2,2a,3,6,6a,7,7a-octahydro-, (1aalpha, 2beta, 2abeta, 3alpha, 6alpha, 6abeta, 7beta, 7aalpha)-, CAS Number 72-20-8.


(2) HEX-BCH means the chemical substance 1,2,3,4,7,7-hexachloronorbornadiene, CAS Number 3389-71-7.


(3) Isodrin means the pesticide 1,4:5,8-Dimethanonaphthalene,1,2,3,4,10,10-hexacholoro-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-, (1alpha, 4alpha, 4abeta, 5beta, 8beta, 8abeta)-, CAS Number 465-73-6.


(4) Small business means any manufacturer, importer, or processor who meets either paragraph (a)(4)(i) or (ii) of this section:


(i) A business is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent (if any), are less than $40 million. However, if the annual manufacture, importation, or processing volume of a particular chemical substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the business is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds), the business shall not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the manufacture, importation, or processing of that chemical substance at that site, unless the business qualifies as small under paragraph (a)(4)(ii) of this section.


(ii) A business is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $4 million, regardless of the quantity of the particular chemical substance manufactured, imported, or processed by that business.


(iii) For imported and processed mixtures containing HEX-BCH, the 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds) standard in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section applies only to the amount of HEX-BCH in a mixture and not the other components of the mixture.


(5) 8-hour time weighted average means the cumulative exposure for an 8-hour work shift computed as follows:





Where:

E is the equivalent exposure for the working shift.

Ci is the concentration (i.e., parts per million) during any period of time (Ti) where the concentration remains constant.

Ti is the duration in hours of the exposure at the concentration Ci.

(6) Year means corporate fiscal year.


(b) Persons who must report. (1) Reports must be submitted by:


(i) Persons who are manufacturing, importing, or processing HEX-BCH for use as an intermediate in the production or isodrin or endrin on or after January 2, 1986; and


(ii) Persons who propose to manufacture, import, or process HEX-BCH for use as an intermediate in the production of isodrin or endrin, on or after January 2, 1986.


(2) Persons described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section who engage or propose to engage in more than one activity (i.e., manufacture and processing) must report the information required in paragraph (d) separately for each activity.


(c) Persons exempt from reporting. (1) Small businesses.


(2) Persons described in § 704.5(a) and (c).


(d) Information to report. (1) Initial reports must include, to the extent that it is known to or reasonably ascertainable by the person reporting, the following information:


(i) Company name and address.


(ii) Name, address, and telephone number of the principal contact.


(iii) Name and address of plant sites where HEX-BCH is or is proposed to be manufactured, imported, or processed, noting for each plant site which activity takes or would take place at each site.


(iv) If applicable, the intended date for initiating the manufacture, import, or processing of HEX-BCH.


(v) If applicable, the actual quantity (by weight) of HEX-BCH manufactured, imported, or processed during the most recently concluded year.


(vi) The estimated quantity (by weight) of HEX-BCH to be manufactured, imported, or processed each year during the first 3 years following the date of the report or the date of the intended start of manufacture, import, or processing, whichever occurs later.


(vii) For each year described in paragraphs (d)(1) (v) and (vi) of this section: the number or expected number of employees exposed to HEX-BCH during the manufacture, import, processing, distribution in commerce, use, and disposal; the routes of exposure; and the 8-hour time weighted average of exposure.


(viii) If employees are exposed or expected to be exposed to HEX-BCH, state for each reported route of exposure, whether personal protective equipment is used or expected to be used, and a description of the personal protective equipment.


(ix) The actual or anticipated quantity, content, method of disposal, and disposal site of any wastes generated or expected to be generated during the manufacture, importation, or processing of HEX-BCH.


(2) Subsequent reports must provide, to the extent known to or reasonably ascertainable by the person reporting, the information in paragraph (d)(1) of this section and a statement explaining why the subsequent report is required.


(e) When to report. (1) Persons who are manufacturing, importing, or processing HEX-BCH on January 2, 1986, must submit an initial report to EPA by February 3, 1986.


(2) Persons who propose to manufacture, import, or process HEX-BCH on or after January 2, 1986, must submit an initial report to EPA by February 3, 1986, or 30 days after making the management decision described in § 704.3 “Propose to manufacture, import, or process,” whichever is later in time.


(3) Persons described in paragraph (b) of this section, who have submitted a report described in paragraph (d) of this section, must submit a subsequent report within 30 days of any of the following events. Based on the most recently submitted report:


(i) The manufacture, importation, or processing of HEX-BCH begins at a plant site different than that reported pursuant to paragraph (d)(1)(iii) of this section.


(ii) The actual quantity (by weight) of HEX-BCH manufactured, imported, or processed in a given year is greater than or equal to 200 percent of the estimated value for that year reported pursuant to paragraph (d)(1)(vi) of this section.


(iii) The total number of employees exposed to HEX-BCH is greater than 130 percent of the projected value reported pursuant to paragraph (d)(1)(vii) of this section.


(iv) The route of exposures to HEX-BCH differs from that reported pursuant to paragraph (d)(1)(vii) of this section.


(v) The actual 8-hour time weighted average exposure for any activity exceeds the projection reported pursuant to paragraph (d)(1)(vii) of this section by more than 100 percent.


(vi) The method of disposal or disposal site reported pursuant to paragraph (d)(1)(ix) of this section has changed.


(vii) Three years have passed since the most recent submission of a report and the person is still engaged in the manufacture, importation, or processing of HEX-BCH.


(f) Certification of review. Each person who submits a report under this section must for 3 years following the submission date of the most recent submission, review their activities at the end of each year to determine whether any reportable event specified in paragraph (e)(3) of this section has occurred. If a review shows that none of these events has occurred, the person is required to certify this fact in writing.


(g) Recordkeeping. Any person subject to the reporting requirements of this section must:


(1) Retain documentation of information contained in their reports. This documentation must be maintained for a period of 3 years from the date of the submission of the report; and


(2) Retain the certification required by paragraph (f) of this section for 3 years from the date of its creation.


[50 FR 47536, Nov. 19, 1985, as amended at 52 FR 20083, May 29, 1987. Redesignated at 53 FR 51717, Dec. 22, 1988; 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993]


§ 704.104 Hexafluoropropylene oxide.

(a) Definitions. (1) “HFPO” means the chemical substance hexafluoropropylene oxide, CAS Number 428-59-1. [Listed in TSCA Inventory as oxirane, trifluoro(trifluoromethyl)-]


(2) “Enclosed process” means a process that is designed and operated so that there is no intentional release of any substance present in the process. A process with fugitive, inadvertent, or emergency pressure relief releases remains an enclosed process so long as measures are taken to prevent worker exposure to and environmental contamination from the releases.


(3) “Small processor” means a processor that meets either the standard in paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section or the standard in paragraph (a)(3)(ii) of this section.


(i) First standard. A processor of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company, if any, are less than $40 million. However, if the annual processing volume of a particular chemical substance at any individual site owned or controlled by the processor is greater than 45,400 kilograms (100,000 pounds), the processor shall not qualify as small for purposes of reporting on the processing of that chemical substance at that site, unless the processor qualifies as small under paragraph (a)(3)(ii) of this section.


(ii) Second standard. A processor of a chemical substance is small if its total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $4 million, regardless of the quantity of the particular chemical substance processed by that company.


(iii) Inflation index. EPA will use the Inflation Index described in the definition of “small manufacturer” that is set forth in § 704.3 for purposes of adjusting the total annual sales values of this small processor definition. EPA will provide Federal Register notification when changing the total annual sales values of this definition.


(b) Persons who must report. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, the following persons are subject to this section:


(1) Persons who manufacture or propose to manufacture HFPO for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of fluorinated substances in an enclosed process.


(2) Persons who import or propose to import HFPO for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of fluorinated substances in an enclosed process.


(3) Persons who process or propose to process HFPO as an intermediate in the manufacture of fluorinated substances in an enclosed process.


(c) Persons not subject to this rule. The following persons are not subject to this rule:


(1) Small processors.


(2) Persons described in § 704.5(a) through (f).


(3) Persons who have already submitted to EPA a completed copy of the Preliminary Assessment Information Manufacturer’s Report (EPA Form 7710-35, as described at § 712.28 of this chapter) for HFPO are not required to report under this section with respect to activities previously reported on.


(d) What information to report. Persons identified in paragraph (b) of this section must submit a Premanufacture Notice Form (EPA Form 7710-25).


(e) When to report. (1) Persons who are manufacturing, importing, or processing, or who propose to manufacture, import, or process HFPO for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of fluorinated substances in an enclosed process as of December 10, 1987, must report by February 8, 1988.


(2) Persons who propose to manufacture, import, or process HFPO for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of fluorinated substances in an enclosed process after December 10, 1987, must report within 30 days after making a firm management decision to commit financial resources for the manufacturing, importing, or processing of HFPO.


(f) Recordkeeping. Persons subject to the reporting requirements of this section must retain documentation of information contained in their reports for a period of 5 years from the date of submission of the reports.


(g) Where to send reports. Reports must be submitted by certified mail to the Document Control Office (DCO) (7407M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001, ATTN: HFPO Reporting.


[52 FR 41299, Oct. 27, 1987, as amended at 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993; 60 FR 16308, Mar. 29, 1995; 60 FR 31920, June 19, 1995; 60 FR 34463, July 3, 1995; 71 FR 33641, June 12, 2006; 85 FR 31995, May 28, 2020]


§ 704.175 4,4′-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline) (MBOCA).

(a) Substance subject to reporting. The chemical substance 4,4′-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline) (CAS No. 101-14-4) is subject to reporting under this section. The substance also is identified as 4,4′-methylenebis(2-chlorobenzenamine) and MBOCA.


(b) Persons who must report. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, the following persons are subject to this rule.


(1) Persons who propose to manufacture MBOCA in the United States on or after June 2, 1986.


(2) Persons who are manufacturing MBOCA in the United States as of June 2, 1986.


(3) Persons manufacturing MBOCA in the United States on or after June 2, 1986 who propose to change their manner or method of manufacturing the substance from a manner or method of manufacturing that previously was reported under this section.


(c) Persons not subject to this rule. The following persons are exempt from the reporting requirements of this section:


(1) Persons who import MBOCA into the customs territory of the United States and do not otherwise manufacture the substance in the United States.


(2) Persons who complied with the requirements of this section prior to June 2, 1986 and received written notification of compliance from EPA.


(d) What information to report. Persons who are subject to this rule as described in paragraph (b) of this section must report information to EPA by completing the following parts of the notice form contained in appendix A to part 720 of this chapter: Parts I.A., I.B., I.C.1., I.C.3., and II.A.; also, part III as appropriate. Persons subject to the requirements of this section also must submit a narrative description of any processing and packaging of MBOCA that occurs at the manufacturing plant site, including the number of workers potentially exposed to MBOCA during on-site processing and packaging of MBOCA and a description of any personal protective equipment and/or engineering controls that would be used to prevent release of and exposure to MBOCA during on-site processing and packaging. Persons subject to the requirements of this section are not required to submit information on processing or use of MBOCA away from the manufacturing plant site. Respondents to this rule shall report all information that is known to or reasonably ascertainable by the person reporting.


(e) When to report. (1) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must report by July 2, 1986 or within 30 days after making a firm management decision to commit financial resources for the manufacture of MBOCA, whichever is later in time.


(2) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section must report by July 2, 1986.


(3) Persons specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section must report within 30 days of making a firm management decision to commit financial resources to change their manner or method of manufacturing the substance from a manner or method of manufacturing that previously was reported under this section.


[51 FR 13223, Apr. 18, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 20083, May 29, 1987; 58 FR 34204, June 23, 1993]


§ 704.180 Asbestos.

(a) Definitions. The definitions in subpart A of this part apply to § 704.180 unless otherwise specified in this section.


Asbestos is a collective term meaning any of the substances listed in Table 1 of this paragraph (a).


Table 1 to Paragraph (a)—CASRN of Asbestos Types

CASRN
Asbestos type
1332-21-4Asbestos.
12001-29-5Chrysotile.
12001-28-4Crocidolite.
12172-73-5Amosite.
77536-67-5Anthophyllite.
77536-68-6Tremolite.
77536-66-4Actinolite.
NALibby amphibole asbestos (mainly consisting of tremolite [CASRN 77536-68-6], winchite [CASRN 12425-92-2], and richterite [CASRN 17068-76-7]).

Bulk asbestos means any quantity of asbestos fiber of any type or grade, or combination of types or grades, that is mined or milled with the purpose of obtaining asbestos. This term does not include asbestos that is produced or processed as a contaminant or an impurity.


Bulk materials containing asbestos means bulk materials in which asbestos is being mined or milled as an impurity.


Chemical Information Submission System or CISS means EPA’s electronic, web-based reporting tool for the completion and submission of CDR data, reports, and other information, or its successors.


Form A means an abbreviated form for persons who know or can reasonably ascertain that they manufactured (including imported) or processed asbestos, including as an impurity, during the reporting period described in paragraph (f) of this section but do not know and cannot reasonably ascertain the amount of asbestos manufactured (including imported) or processed by them.


Form B means the standard form to be used by persons who know or can reasonably ascertain that they manufactured (including imported) or processed asbestos, including as an impurity, during the reporting period described in paragraph (f) of this section and know or can reasonably ascertain how much asbestos they manufactured (including imported) or produced.


Primary processor means a person who starts with bulk asbestos or bulk materials containing asbestos, and makes a mixture that contains asbestos as a component.


Secondary processor means a person who further processes asbestos, after primary processing of asbestos is completed, including as a component of a mixture, or an article containing asbestos.


Small processor means any processor whose total annual sales, when combined with those of its parent company (if any), are less than $12 million.


(b) Substance for which reports must be submitted. The requirements of this section apply to asbestos, including asbestos in bulk form, in an article and/or product, as an impurity, or as a component of a mixture.


(c) Persons who must report. Persons (i.e., plant sites) who have manufactured (including imported), or processed asbestos, including asbestos as a component of a mixture, asbestos in articles, or asbestos as an impurity in the four full calendar years prior to the effective date of this rule, and with annual sales greater than or equal to $500,000, in any calendar year from 2019 to 2022, when combined with those of their ultimate parent company (if any), must report under this subpart.


(d) Persons exempt from reporting. A person who is subject to reporting requirements pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section is exempt from the requirements in this subpart to the extent that the person and that person’s use of asbestos is described in this paragraph (d).


(1) Non-isolated intermediate. A person who manufactures or proposes to manufacture asbestos, as described in paragraph (c) of this section, solely as a non-isolated intermediate is exempt from the reporting requirements of this subpart.


(2) Research and development. A person who manufactures (including imports), processes, or proposes to manufacture (including import), or process asbestos, as described in paragraph (c) of this section, only in small quantities solely for research and development is exempt from the reporting requirements of this subpart.


(3) Small manufacturers (including importers) and processors. Small manufacturers (including importers) and processors are exempt from the reporting requirements of this subpart for Libby amphibole asbestos only.


(4) Byproducts. A person who manufactures (including imports) or proposes to manufacture (including import) asbestos solely as a byproduct is exempt from the reporting requirements of this subpart.


(e) Reporting information to EPA. Persons described in paragraph (c) of this section and not described and exempted in paragraph (d) of this section must report to EPA the following information, to the extent known to or reasonably ascertainable by them. In the event that specific numeric data are not known or are not reasonably ascertainable by the submitter, then reasonable estimates may be submitted.


(1) Required forms. Report using the appropriate Form, based on whether you know or can reasonably ascertain a quantity for asbestos.


(i) Form A. Report using Form A if you know or can reasonably ascertain that asbestos, including as a component of a mixture or article, or as an impurity, but are unable to determine the asbestos quantity by weight.


(ii) Form B. Report using Form B if you know or can reasonably ascertain a quantity for asbestos, including as a component of a mixture or article, or as an impurity.


(2) A certification statement signed and dated by an authorized official of the submitter company. The authorized official must certify that the submitted information has been completed in compliance with the requirements of this part and that the confidentiality claims made on Form A or Form B are true and correct. The certification must be signed and dated by the authorized official for the submitter company, and provide that person’s name, official title, and email address.


(3) Company and plant site information. The following currently correct company and plant site information must be reported for each site at which a reportable chemical substance is manufactured (including imported) or processed (see § 704.3 for the definition of “site,” which includes what “site” means for importers):


(i) Company name. The highest-level U.S. parent company name, address, and Dun and Bradstreet D-U-N-S® (D&B) number. A submitter under this part must obtain a D&B number for the U.S. parent company if none exists.


(ii) Authorized official. The name of a person who will serve as Authorized Official for the submitter company, and who will be able to sign the certification statement as described in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, the Authorized Official’s full mailing address, telephone number, and email address.


(iii) Point of contact. The name of a person who will serve as technical contact for the submitter company, and who will be able to answer questions about the information submitted by the company to EPA, the contact person’s full mailing address, telephone number, and email address.


(iv) Site information. The site name, full street address, including the county or parish (or other jurisdictional indicator) in which the plant site is located. Also report the following:


(A) The appropriate D&B number for the plant site. If none exists, you must obtain a D&B number for the reported site.


(B) Other site identification numbers, including the Facility Registry Service (FRS) identification number, if they exist.


(v) Applicable NAICS code. The six-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code(s) of the site.


(vi) Number of employees. The total number of employees at the site. Select from among the ranges of employees listed in Table 2 of this paragraph (e) and report the corresponding code (i.e., W1 through W8):


Table 2 to Paragraph (e)—Codes for Reporting Number of Employees

Code
Range
W1Fewer than 10 employees.
W2At least 10 but fewer than 25 employees.
W3At least 25 but fewer than 50 employees.
W4At least 50 but fewer than 100 employees.
W5At least 100 but fewer than 500 employees.
W6At least 500 but fewer than 1,000 employees.
W7At least 1,000 but fewer than 10,000 employees.
W8At least 10,000 employees.

(4) Activity information. The following activity information must be reported.


(i) Type of activity at reporting site. Report all that apply.


(A) Mining of bulk asbestos or bulk materials containing asbestos, including as an impurity.


(B) Milling of bulk asbestos or bulk materials containing asbestos, including as an impurity.


(C) Importing of bulk asbestos or bulk materials containing asbestos, including as an impurity.


(1) For importing only. For importing only, if the imported bulk material was never physically present at the reporting site.


(2) [Reserved]


(D) Primary processing of bulk asbestos or bulk materials containing asbestos, including as an impurity.


(E) Secondary processing of asbestos, including as a component of a mixture, or an article containing asbestos.


(F) Importing of asbestos, including as a component of a mixture, or an article containing asbestos.


(ii) For importing only. For importing only, if the imported bulk material was never physically present at the reporting site.


(iii) Form B only. For mining, milling, or importing of bulk asbestos reported under activity in paragraphs (e)(4)(i)(A) through (C) of this section, report by year:


(A) The most specific asbestos type that applies. Select from among the asbestos types listed in Table 1 of paragraph (a) in this section. If the specific asbestos type is not known or reasonably ascertainable, report the general listing, “asbestos CASRN 1332-21-4”.


(B) Report. For each asbestos type, report the following:


(1) Quantity of asbestos, in pounds.


(2) Disposition of asbestos (see Table 3 to this paragraph (e)).


Table 3 to Paragraph (e)—Disposition

Code
Disposition description
1Used on-site, including further processed.
2Stored on-site.
3Sent to another U.S. site (including intra-company transfer) for use or processing.
4Stored at another U.S. site (including intra-company transfer).
5Exported outside of the U.S. without further processing.
6Disposed of within the U.S. (explain).
7Other (explain).

(iv) Reporting information for mining, milling, or importing of bulk materials containing asbestos, including as an impurity. For mining, milling, or importing of bulk materials containing asbestos reported under the activity identified in paragraphs (e)(4)(i)(A) through (C) of this section, report by year:


(A) Bulk material type manufactured or processed.


(B) For Form B only, for each bulk material type:


(1) Quantity of bulk material manufactured or processed.


(2) Percent asbestos impurity by weight in bulk material.


(3) The most specific asbestos type that applies. Select from among the asbestos types listed in Table 1 to paragraph (a) of this section. If the specific asbestos type is not known or reasonably ascertainable, report the general listing, asbestos CASRN 1332-21-4.


(4) Any testing of or test results assessing the asbestos content of your bulk material in the applicable reporting years.


(i) If testing was conducted, specify how often testing was conducted on the presence of asbestos in your bulk material and what method and type of test was used for determining asbestos content, and provide the test results.


(ii) If testing was not conducted, explain how you knew or reasonably ascertained the presence and amount of asbestos in the bulk materials.


(C) For each bulk material type, the disposition of bulk material (see Table 3 of this paragraph (e)).


(D) For importing only, if the imported bulk material was never physically present at the reporting site.


(v) Reporting information for primary processors. For primary processing reported under activity identified in paragraph (e)(4)(i)(D) of this section, report by year:


(A) For Form B only, the total quantity of asbestos processed.


(B) End product type, selecting from products listed in Table 4 of this paragraph (e). If your end product is not listed, report “other” and provide a brief description. For each end product type, report:


(1) For Form B only, the most specific asbestos types that apply. Select from among the asbestos types listed in Table 1 in paragraph (a) of this section. If the specific asbestos types are not known or reasonably ascertainable, report the general listing, “asbestos CASRN 1332-21-4”. Report also the total annual quantity of each of the asbestos types processed.


(2) The total annual production quantity of end products produced, using the associated unit of measure listed in Table 4 of this paragraph (e). If a unit of measure is not listed, provide the unit of measure associated with the quantity reported.


(3) For Form B only, the percentage of asbestos in the end product.


(4) For Form B only, the disposition of the end product (see Table 3 of this paragraph (e)).


(5) For Form B only, explain if you tested or received test results assessing the asbestos content of your end product in the applicable reporting years.


(i) If testing was conducted, specify how often testing was conducted on the presence of asbestos in your end product and what method and type of test was used for determining asbestos content, and provide the test results.


(ii) If testing was not conducted, explain how you knew or reasonably ascertain the presence and amount of asbestos in the end product.


Table 4 to Paragraph (e)—End Product Types

Code
Name
End product unit of measure
Papers, Felts, and Related Products
01Commercial paperShort Tons.
02RollerboardShort Tons.
03MillboardShort Tons.
04Pipeline wrapShort Tons.
05Beater-add gasketing paperShort Tons.
06High-grade electrical paperShort Tons.
07Unsaturated roofing feltShort Tons.
08Saturated roofing feltShort Tons.
09Flooring feltShort Tons.
10Corrugated paperShort Tons.
11Specialty paper (specify generic name)Short Tons.
12Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Floor Coverings
13Vinyl asbestos floor tileSquare yards.
14Asbestos felt backed vinyl flooringSquare yards.
15Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Asbestos Cement Products
16A/C pipe and fittingsShort Tons.
17A/C sheet, flat100 sq. ft.
18A/C sheet corrugated100 sq. ft.
19A/C shingleSquares.
20Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Transportation Friction Materials (including aircrafts, marine vessels, railroad engine and railcars, and other vehicles)
21Drum brake lining (light-medium vehicle)Pieces.
22Disc brake pads (light-medium vehicle)Pieces.
23Disc brake pads (heavy vehicle)Pieces.
24Brake block (heavy equipment)Pieces.
25Clutch facings (all)Pieces.
26Automatic transmission friction componentsPieces.
27Friction materials (industrial and commercial)Pieces.
28Custom automotive body fillerPieces.
29TransmissionsPieces.
30MufflersPieces.
31Radiator top insulationPieces.
32Radiator sealantPieces.
33Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Appliances
34Appliance Industrial and consumer (specify generic name)Pieces.
35Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Construction Products
36Boiler and furnace bafflesPieces.
37Decorated building panelsPieces.
38Asbestos cement sheetPieces.
39Flexible Air ConductorPieces.
40Hoods and VentsPieces.
41Portable construction buildingPieces.
42Roofing, saturatedPieces.
43Roof shinglesPieces.
44WallboardPieces.
45Wall/roofing panelsPieces.
46Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Electrical Products and Components
47Cable insulationPieces.
48Electronic motor componentsPieces.
49Electrical resistance supportsPieces.
50Electrical switchboardPieces.
51Electrical switch supportsPieces.
52Electrical wire insulationPieces.
53Motor armaturePieces.
54Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Fire and Heat Shielding Equipment and Components
55Arc deflectorsPieces.
56Fire doorsPieces.
57Fireproof absorbent paperShort Tons.
58Heat shieldsPieces.
59Molten metal handling equipmentPieces.
60Oven and stove insulationShort Tons.
61Pipe wrapPieces.
62Stove lining, wood and coalPieces.
63Stove pipe ringsPieces.
64SleevesPieces.
65Thermal InsulationShort Tons.
66Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Textiles and Clothing
67ClothPounds.
68Thread, yarn, lap, roving, cord, rope, or wickPounds.
69ApronsPieces.
70BootsPieces.
71Gloves and mittensPieces.
72Hats and helmetsPieces.
73OvergaitersPieces.
74SuitsPieces.
75Aluminized clothShort Tons.
76Rope or braidingShort Tons.
77Yarn, lap or rovingShort Tons.
78WicksShort Tons.
79BagsPieces.
80BeltingShort Tons.
81BlanketsPieces.
82Carpet paddingShort Tons.
83Commercial/industrial dryer feltsShort Tons.
84DraperiesPieces.
85Drip clothsPieces.
86Fire hosesPieces.
87Ironing board pads and insulationPieces.
88Mantles, lamp or catalytic heaterPieces.
89Packing and packaging componentsPieces.
90Piano and organ feltsPieces.
91RugsPieces.
92TapePieces.
93Theater curtainsPieces.
94UmbrellasPieces.
95Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Gaskets
96Sheet gasketing, rubber encapsulated beater additionPieces.
97Sheet gasketing, rubber encapsulated compressedPieces.
98Compressed sheet gasketing (other)Pieces.
99Metal reinforced gasketsPieces.
100Automotive gasketsPieces.
101Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Marine Equipment and Supplies
102Caulks, marinePounds.
103Liners, pond or canalPieces.
104Marine bulkheadsPieces.
105Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Paints, Coatings, Sealants and Compounds
106Asphaltic compoundsPounds.
107Automotive/truck body coatingsGallons.
108Buffing and polishing compoundsPounds.
109Caulking and patching compoundsPounds.
110Drilling fluidGallons.
111Flashing compoundsPounds.
112Furnace cementPounds.
113Glazing compoundsPounds.
114Plaster and stuccoPounds.
115Pump valve, flange and tank sealing componentsPieces.
116Roof coatingsGallons.
117Textured paintsGallons.
118Tile cementPounds.
119Other (specify generic name)(Specify).
Other Products
120Sheet gasketing (other than beater-add)Square yards.
122PackingPounds.
123Paints and surface coatingsGallons.
124Adhesives and sealantsGallons.
125Asbestos-reinforced plasticsPounds.
126Insulation materials not elsewhere classified (specify generic name)(Specify).
127Mixed or repackaged asbestosShort Tons.
128Aerial distress flaresPieces.
129Acoustical productPieces.
130Ammunition waddingPieces.
131Ash traysPieces.
132Baking sheetsPieces.
133BlackboardsPieces.
134CandlesticksPieces.
135Chemical tanks and vesselsPieces.
136FiltersPieces.
137GrommetsPieces.
138Gun gripsPieces.
139Jewelry making equipmentPieces.
140KilnsPieces.
141Lamp socketsPieces.
142Light bulbs (all types)Pieces.
143Linings for vaults, safes, humidifiers and filing cabinetsPieces.
144Phonograph recordsPieces.
145Pottery clayPounds.
146Welding rod coatingsPieces.
147Other (specify generic name)(Specify).

(vi) Reporting information for secondary processors. For secondary processing reported under the activity identified in paragraph (e)(4)(i)(E) of this section, report by year:


(A) For Form B only, the estimated total quantity of asbestos processed.


(B) End product type listed in Table 4 of this paragraph (e). For each product type, report:


(1) For Form B only, the most specific asbestos types that apply. Select from among the asbestos types listed in Table 1 in paragraph (a) of this section. If the specific asbestos type is not known or reasonably ascertainable, report the general listing, asbestos CASRN 1332-21-4. Also report the quantity of each type of asbestos.


(2) The total annual production quantity of the end products produced, using the associated unit of measure listed in Table 4 of this paragraph (e).


(3) For Form B only, the percentage of asbestos in the end product.


(i) If testing was conducted, specify how often testing was conducted on the presence of asbestos in your products and what method and type of test was used for determining asbestos content, and provide the test results.


(ii) If testing was not conducted, explain how you knew or reasonably ascertained the presence and amount of asbestos in the end product.


(4) For Form B only, the disposition of the end product (see Table 3 of this paragraph (e)).


(vii) Reporting information for importers. For importing reported under an activity identified in paragraph (e)(4)(i)(F) of this section, report by year:


(A) For Form B only, the estimated total quantity of asbestos imported.


(B) Imported product type (Table 4 of this paragraph (e)). For each imported product type, report:


(1) Whether the imported product is a mixture or an article.


(2) For Form B only, the most specific asbestos types that apply. Select from among the asbestos types listed in Table 1 in paragraph (a) of this section. If a specific asbestos type is not known or reasonably ascertainable, report the general listing, “asbestos CASRN 1332-21-4”. Also report the quantity of each asbestos type.


(3) The total annual import quantity of the imported product, using the associated unit of measure listed in Table 4 of this paragraph (e).


(4) Whether the imported asbestos was never physically present at the reporting site.


(5) For Form B only, the percentage of asbestos in the product.


(6) For Form B only, explain if you tested or received test results assessing the asbestos content of your imported product in the applicable reporting years.


(i) If testing was conducted, specify how often testing was conducted on the presence of asbestos in your imported product and what method and type of test was used for determining asbestos content, and provide the test results.


(ii) If testing was not conducted, explain how you knew or reasonably ascertained the presence and amount of asbestos in the imported product.


(7) For Form B only, the disposition of the imported product (see Table 3 of this paragraph (e)).


(5) Employee information. For each activity reported, report the following information about employees at the associated site:


(i) Number of employees involved with activity. Select from among the ranges of employees listed in Table 2 of this paragraph (e) and report the corresponding code (i.e., W1 through W8).


(ii) Is personal protective equipment used? If yes, identify the type(s) of personal protective equipment used.


(iii) For Form B only, submit any workplace exposure measurement assessments and data (e.g., monitoring).


(f) When to report. All information reported to EPA under this section must be submitted during the applicable submission period. The submission period shall begin six months following the effective date of this rule and last for three months.


(g) Recordkeeping requirements. Each person who reports under this part must maintain records that document information reported under this part and in accordance with TSCA, permit access to, and the copying of such records by EPA officials. Relevant records must be retained for a period of five years beginning on the last day of the submission period.


(h) Confidentiality claims—(1) Assertion of confidentiality claims—(i) Generally. Any person submitting information under this part may assert a confidentiality claim for that information, except for information described in paragraph (h)(1)(ii) of this section. Any such confidentiality claims must be asserted electronically, pursuant to § 704.180(i), at the time the information is submitted. Information claimed as confidential in accordance with this section will be treated and disclosed in accordance with the procedures in 40 CFR part 2 and section 14 of TSCA.


(ii) Exceptions. Confidentiality claims may not be asserted with respect to the following:


(A) Site NAICS code required by § 704.180(e)(3)(v);


(B) For chemical identities and bulk material forms required by §§ 704.180(e)(4)(iii)(A), (iv)(A), (iv)(B)(3), (v)(B)(1), (vi)(B)(1), and (vii)(B)(2);


(C) Any data element that is left blank or designated as “not known or reasonably ascertainable;” or


(D) Health and safety data required by § 704.180(e)(5)(iii), except that the following information may be claimed as confidential:


(1) Information that would reveal processes used in the manufacturing, importing, or processing of the substance or mixture, or the portion of a mixture comprised by any of the substances in the mixture, provided that the information is expressly identified as revealing processing information or portion of a mixture;


(2) Company name or address, financial statistics, and product codes used by a company and contained in a study; and


(3) Information other than company name or address, financial statistics, and product codes used by a company, which is contained in a study, the disclosure of which would clearly be an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy (such as individual medical records).


(iii) Certification statement for claims. An authorized official representing a person asserting a claim of confidentiality must certify that the submission complies with the requirements of this part by signing and dating the following certification statement:



“I certify that all claims for confidentiality asserted with this submission are true and correct, and all information submitted herein to substantiate such claims is true and correct. Any knowing and willful misrepresentation is subject to criminal penalty pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1001. I further certify that: I have taken reasonable measures to protect the confidentiality of the information; I have determined that the information is not required to be disclosed or otherwise made available to the public under any other Federal law; I have a reasonable basis to conclude that disclosure of the information is likely to cause substantial harm to the competitive position of my company; and I have a reasonable basis to believe that the information is not readily discoverable through reverse engineering.”


(2) Substantiation—(i) Requirement to substantiate. Confidentiality claims must be substantiated at the time of submission to EPA, unless exempt under paragraph (h)(2)(iv) of this section.


(ii) Information in substantiations may be claimed as confidential. Such claims must be accompanied by the certification described in paragraph (h)(1)(iii) of this section, but need not be themselves substantiated.


(iii) Substantiation questions for all claims. Answers to the following questions must be provided for each confidentiality claim in a TSCA submission:


(A) Please specifically explain what harm to the competitive position of your business would be likely to result from the release of the information claimed as confidential. How would that harm be substantial? Why is the substantial harm to your competitive position likely (i.e., probable) to be caused by release of the information rather than just possible? If you claimed multiple types of information to be confidential (e.g., site information, exposure information, environmental release information), explain how disclosure of each type of information would be likely to cause substantial harm to the competitive position of your business.


(B) Has your business taken precautions to protect the confidentiality of the disclosed information? If yes, please explain and identify the specific measures, including but not limited to internal controls, that your business has taken to protect the information claimed as confidential. If the same or similar information was previously reported to EPA as non-confidential (such as in an earlier version of this submission), please explain the circumstances of that prior submission and reasons for believing the information is nonetheless still confidential.


(C)(1) Is any of the information claimed as confidential required to be publicly disclosed under any other Federal law? If yes, please explain.


(2) Does any of the information claimed as confidential otherwise appear in any public documents, including (but not limited to) safety data sheets; advertising or promotional material; professional or trade publications; state, local, or Federal agency files; or any other media or publications available to the general public? If yes, please explain why the information should be treated as confidential.


(3) Does any of the information claimed as confidential appear in one or more patents or patent applications? If yes, please provide the associated patent number or patent application number (or numbers) and explain why the information should be treated as confidential.


(D) Is the claim of confidentiality intended to last less than 10 (ten) years (see TSCA section 14(e)(1)(B))? If yes, please indicate the number of years (between 1 (one) and 10 (ten) years) or the specific date after which the claim is withdrawn.


(E) Has EPA, another federal agency, or court made any confidentiality determination regarding information associated with this chemical substance? If yes, please provide the circumstances associated with the prior determination, whether the information was found to be entitled to confidential treatment, the entity that made the decision, and the date of the determination.


(iv) Exemptions from the substantiation requirement. Confidentiality claims are exempt from the requirement to substantiate the claim at the time of submission for the data elements required pursuant to paragraphs (e)(4)(iii)(B)(1), (iv)(B)(1), (v)(A), (v)(B)(2), (vi)(A), (vi)(B)(2), (vii)(A), and (vii)(B)(3) of this section.


(v) No claim of confidentiality. Information not claimed as confidential in accordance with the requirements of this section may be made public without further notice.


(vi) Public copies. Submissions and their accompanying attachments that include a confidentiality claim must be accompanied, at the time of submission, by a public version of the submission and any attachments, with all information that is claimed as confidential removed. Only information that is claimed as confidential may be redacted or removed. Generally, a public copy that removes all or substantially all of the information would not meet the requirements of this paragraph.


(A) Where the electronic reporting tool contains a checkbox or other means of designating with specificity what information is claimed as confidential, no further action by the submitter is required to satisfy this requirement.


(B) For all other information claimed as confidential, including but not limited to information in attachments and in substantiations required under paragraph (h) of this section, the submitter must prepare and attach a public copy. Submissions with public or sanitized copies that are entirely blank or that are substantially reduced in length as compared to the CBI version will not meet the requirements of this paragraph (h)(2)(vi) of this section.


(i) Electronic reporting. You must use the EPA Central Data Exchange (CDX) to complete and submit the information required under this section. Submissions may only be made as set forth in this paragraph. Submissions must be sent electronically to EPA using the asbestos reporting tool in CDX. The information submitted and all attachments (unless the attachment appears in scientific literature) must be in English. All information must be true and correct. Access the asbestos reporting tool and instructions, as follows:


(1) By website. Access the asbestos reporting tool via the CDX homepage at https://cdx.epa.gov/ and follow the applicable instructions.


(2) By phone or email. Contact the EPA TSCA Hotline at (202) 554-1404 or [email protected].


[88 FR 47800, July 25, 2023; 88 FR 84242, Dec. 5, 2023]


PART 705—REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES


Authority:15 U.S.C. 2607(a)(7).


Source:88 FR 70548, Oct. 11, 2023, unless otherwise noted.

§ 705.1 Scope, compliance, and enforcement.

(a) This part specifies reporting and recordkeeping procedures for manufacturers (including importers) of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (hereafter referred to as PFAS) under section 8(a)(7) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).


(b) TSCA section 15(3) makes it unlawful for any person to fail or refuse to submit information required under this part. In addition, TSCA section 15(3) makes it unlawful for any person to fail to keep, and permit access to, records required by this part. TSCA section 16 provides that any person who violates a provision of TSCA section 15 is liable to the United States for a civil penalty and may be criminally prosecuted. Pursuant to TSCA section 17, the Federal Government may seek judicial relief to compel submission of TSCA section 8(a) information and to otherwise restrain any violation of TSCA section 15. TSCA section 11 allows for inspections to assure compliance, and the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Administrator may by subpoena require the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of reports, papers, documents, answers to questions, and other information that the Administrator deems necessary.


(c) Each person who reports under this part must maintain records that document information reported under this part and, in accordance with TSCA, permit access to, and the copying of, such records by EPA officials.


§ 705.3 Definitions.

The definitions in this section and the definitions in TSCA section 3 apply to this part. In addition, the definitions in 40 CFR 704.3 also apply to this part, except the definition for small quantities solely for research and development.


Article means a manufactured item which:


(1) Is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture;


(2) Has end use function(s) depending in whole or in part upon its shape or design during end use; and


(3) Has either no change of chemical composition during its end use or only those changes of composition which have no commercial purpose separate from that of the article, and that result from a chemical reaction that occurs upon end use of other chemical substances, mixtures, or articles; except that fluids and particles are not considered articles regardless of shape or design.


Central Data Exchange or CDX means EPA’s centralized electronic submission receiving system.


Chemical Information Submission System or CISS means EPA’s electronic, web-based reporting tool for the completion and submission of data, reports, and other information, or its successors.


Commercial use means the use of a chemical substance or a mixture containing a chemical substance (including as part of an article) in a commercial enterprise providing saleable goods or services.


Consumer use means the use of a chemical substance or a mixture containing a chemical substance (including as part of an article) when sold to or made available to consumers for their use.


Environmental or health effects information means any information of any effect of a chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance on health or the environment or on both. This includes all health and safety studies.


(1) Not only is information that arises as a result of a formal, disciplined study included, but other information relating to the effects of a chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance on health or the environment is also included. Any information that bears on the effects of a chemical substance on health or the environment would be included.


(2) Examples are:


(i) Long- and short-term tests of mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, or teratogenicity; data on behavioral disorders; dermatoxicity; pharmacological effects; mammalian absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion; cumulative, additive, and synergistic effects; and acute, subchronic, and chronic effects.


(ii) Tests for ecological or other environmental effects on invertebrates, fish, or other animals, and plants, including acute toxicity tests, chronic toxicity tests, critical life-stage tests, behavioral tests, algal growth tests, seed germination tests, plant growth or damage tests, microbial function tests, bioconcentration or bioaccumulation tests, and model ecosystem (microcosm) studies.


(iii) Assessments of human and environmental exposure, including workplace exposure, and impacts of a particular chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance on the environment, including surveys, tests, and studies of: Biological, photochemical, and chemical degradation; structure/activity relationships; air, water, and soil transport; biomagnification and bioconcentration; and chemical and physical properties, e.g., boiling point, vapor pressure, evaporation rates from soil and water, octanol/water partition coefficient, and water solubility.


(iv) Monitoring data, including but not limited to when they have been aggregated and analyzed to measure the exposure of humans or the environment to a chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance.


Health and safety studies means any study of any effect of a chemical substance or mixture on health or the environment or on both, including underlying information and epidemiological studies, studies of occupational exposure to a chemical substance or mixture, toxicological, clinical, and ecological studies of a chemicals substance or mixture containing a chemical substance, and any test performed under TSCA. The following information is not part of a health and safety study:


(1) The name, address, or other identifying information for the submitting company, including identification of the laboratory that conducted the study in cases where the laboratory is part of or closely affiliated with the submitting company;


(2) Internal product codes (i.e., code names for the test substance used internally by the submitting company or to identify the test substance to the test laboratory);


(3) Names and contact details for testing laboratory personnel and names and other private information for health and safety study participants or persons involved in chemical incidents such as would typically be withheld under 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(6) or under other privacy laws; and


(4) Information pertaining to test substance product development, advertising, or marketing plans, or to cost and other financial data.


Highest-level U.S. parent company means the highest-level company of the site’s ownership hierarchy as of the start of the submission period during which data are being reported according to the following instructions. The highest-level U.S. parent company is located within the United States. The following rules govern how to identify the highest-level U.S. parent company:


(1) If the site is entirely owned by a single U.S. company that is not owned by another company, that single company is the U.S. parent company.


(2) If the site is entirely owned by a single U.S. company that is, itself, owned by another U.S.-based company (e.g., it is a division or subsidiary of a higher-level company), the highest-level domestic company in the ownership hierarchy is the U.S. parent company.


(3) If the site is owned by more than one company (e.g., company A owns 40 percent, company B owns 35 percent, and company C owns 25 percent), the company with the largest ownership interest in the site is the U.S. parent company. If a higher-level company in the ownership hierarchy owns more than one ownership company, then determine the entity with the largest ownership by considering the lower-level ownerships in combination (e.g., corporation X owns companies B and C, for a total ownership of 60 percent for the site).


(4) If the site is owned by a 50:50 joint venture or a cooperative, the joint venture or cooperative is its own parent company. If the site is owned by a U.S. joint venture or cooperative, the highest level of the joint venture or cooperative is the U.S. parent company.


(5) If the site is federally owned, the highest-level Federal agency or department is the U.S. parent company.


(6) If the site is owned by a non-Federal public entity, that entity (such as a municipality, State, or tribe) is the U.S. parent company.


Industrial function means the intended physical or chemical characteristic for which a chemical substance or mixture is consumed as a reactant; incorporated into a formulation, mixture, reaction product or article; repackaged; or used.


Industrial use means use at a site at which one or more chemical substances or mixtures are manufactured (including imported) or processed.


Intended for use by children means the chemical substance or mixture is used in or on a product that is specifically intended for use by children aged 14 or younger. A chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance is intended for use by children when the submitter answers “yes” to at least one of the following questions for the product into which the submitter’s chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance is incorporated:


(1) Is the product commonly recognized (i.e., by a reasonable person) as being intended for children aged 14 or younger?


(2) Does the manufacturer of the product state through product labeling or other written materials that the product is intended for or will be used by children aged 14 or younger?


(3) Is the advertising, promotion, or marketing of the product aimed at children aged 14 or younger?


Known to or reasonably ascertainable by means all information in a person’s possession or control, plus all information that a reasonable person similarly situated might be expected to possess, control, or know.


Manufacture means to import into the customs territory of the United States (as defined in general note 2 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (19 U.S.C. 1202)), produce, or manufacture for commercial purposes.


Manufacture for commercial purposes means:


(1) To import, produce, or manufacture with the purpose of obtaining an immediate or eventual commercial advantage for the manufacturer, and includes among other things, such “manufacture” of any amount of a chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance:


(i) For commercial distribution, including for test marketing; and/or


(ii) For use by the manufacturer, including use for product research and development, or as an intermediate.


(2) Manufacture for commercial purposes also applies to substances that are produced coincidentally during the manufacture, processing, use, or disposal of another substance or mixture containing a chemical substance, including both byproducts that are separated from that other substance or mixture containing a chemical substance and impurities that remain in that substance or mixture containing a chemical substance. Such byproducts and impurities may, or may not, in themselves have commercial value. They are nonetheless produced for the purpose of obtaining a commercial advantage since they are part of the manufacture of a chemical product for a commercial purpose.


Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances or PFAS means, for the purpose of this part, any chemical substance or mixture containing a chemical substance that structurally contains at least one of the following three sub-structures:


(1) R-(CF2)-CF(R′)R″, where both the CF2 and CF moieties are saturated carbons.


(2) R-CF2OCF2-R′, where R and R′ can either be F, O, or saturated carbons.


(3) CF3C(CF3)R′R″, where R′ and R″ can either be F or saturated carbons.


Possession or control means in possession or control of the submitter, or of any subsidiary, partnership in which the submitter is a general partner, parent company, or any company or partnership which the parent company owns or controls, if the subsidiary, parent company, or other company or partnership is associated with the submitter in the research, development, test marketing, or commercial marketing of the chemical substance in question. (A parent company owns or controls another company if the parent owns or controls 50 percent or more of the other company’s voting stock. A parent company owns or controls any partnership in which it is a general partner.) Information is included within this definition if it is:


(1) In files maintained by submitter’s employees who are:


(i) Associated with research, development, test marketing, or commercial marketing of the chemical substance in question; and/or


(ii) Reasonably likely to have such data.


(2) Maintained in the files of other agents of the submitter who are associated with research, development, test marketing, or commercial marketing of the chemical substance in question in the course of their employment as such agents.


Research and development (R&D) means activities intended solely as scientific experimentation, research, or analysis. R&D focuses on the analysis of the chemical or physical characteristics, the performance, or the production characteristics of a chemical substance, a mixture containing the substance, or an article. R&D encompasses a wide range of activities which may occur in a laboratory, pilot plant, commercial plant outside the research facility, or at other sites appropriate for R&D. General distribution of chemical substances to consumers does not constitute R&D.


Site-limited means a chemical substance is manufactured and processed only within a site and is not distributed as a chemical substance or as part of a mixture or article containing a chemical substance outside the site. Imported chemical substances are never site-limited.


Worker means someone at a site of manufacture, import, or processing who performs work activities near sources of a chemical substance or mixture or directly handles the chemical substance or mixture during the performance of work activities.


§ 705.5 Substances for which reports must be submitted.

The requirements of this part apply to all chemical substances and mixtures containing a chemical substance (including articles) that are a PFAS, consistent with the definition of PFAS at § 705.3.


§ 705.10 Persons who must report.

Persons who have manufactured for commercial purposes a chemical substance identified in § 705.5 at any period from January 1, 2011, through the end of the last calendar year prior to November 13, 2023, except as described in § 705.12, is subject to the requirements of this part.


§ 705.12 Activities for which reporting is not required.

Reporting under this part is not required for the import of municipal solid waste streams for the purpose of disposal or destruction of the waste. Additionally, reporting is not required for a Federal agency which imports PFAS when it is not for any immediate or eventual commercial advantage.


§ 705.15 What information to report.

For the one-time submission, persons identified in § 705.10 must report to EPA, for each site of each of the chemical substances identified in § 705.5, the following information to the extent known to or reasonably ascertainable by them, except as allowed under § 705.18. In the event that actual data is not known to or reasonably ascertainable by the submitter, then reasonable estimates may be submitted:


(a) Company and plant site information. The following currently correct company and plant site information must be reported for each site at which a reportable chemical substance is manufactured (see 40 CFR 711.3 for the “site” for importers):


(1) The highest-level U.S. parent company name, address, and Dun and Bradstreet D-U-N-S® (D&B) number, if one exists.


(2) The name of a person who will serve as Authorized Official for the submitter company, and who will be able to sign the certification statement as described in § 705.30(d), the Authorized Official’s full mailing address, telephone number, and email address.


(3) The name of a person who will serve as technical contact for the submitter company, and who will be able to answer questions about the information submitted by the company to EPA, the contact person’s full mailing address, telephone number, and email address.


(4) The name, full street address, and six-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code(s) of the site. A submitter under this part must include the appropriate D&B number for each plant site reported, and the county or parish (or other jurisdictional indicator) in which the plant site is located. A submitter under this part must obtain a D&B number for the site reported if none exists. A submitter under this part must also provide other site identification numbers, including the Facility Registry Service (FRS) identification number, if they exist.


(b) Chemical-specific information. The following chemical-specific information must be reported for each chemical substance that is a PFAS manufactured for each year since January 1, 2011, except as allowed under § 705.18. This includes each chemical substance that is a PFAS and incorporated into mixtures:


(1) The common or trade name, the chemical identity, and, except for chemical substances that are Class 1 substances on the TSCA Inventory, the representative molecular structure of each PFAS for which such a report is required.


(i) The specific, currently correct Chemical Abstracts (CA) Index name as used to list the chemical substance on the TSCA Inventory and the correct corresponding Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number (CASRN) for each reportable PFAS at each site. Submitters who wish to report chemical substances listed on the confidential portion of the TSCA Inventory will need to report the chemical substance using a TSCA Accession Number. If a submitter has a low-volume exemption (LVE) case number for the chemical substance, that number may also be used if a CASRN is not known to or reasonably ascertainable by the submitter.


(ii) In addition to reporting the number itself, submitters must specify the type of number they are reporting by selecting from among the codes in table 1 to this paragraph (b)(1)(ii).


Table 1 to Paragraph (b)(1)(ii)—Codes To Specify Type of Chemical Identifying Number

Code
Number type
ATSCA Accession Number.
CChemical Abstracts Service Registry Number (CASRN).
LLow-volume exemption (LVE) case number.

(iii) If the CASRN or specific identifier (i.e., Accession Number or LVE number) of the PFAS is not known to or reasonably ascertainable (NKRA) to the submitter (e.g., if the chemical identity is claimed as confidential business information by the submitter’s supplier, or if the submitter knows they have a PFAS but are unable to ascertain its specific identifier and/or specific chemical identity), the submitter may provide a generic name or description of the PFAS and also initiate a joint submission if the secondary submitter is known. The submitter may only initiate a joint submission if the CASRN or the specific identifier (i.e., Accession Number or LVE number) is not known or reasonably ascertainable, and a secondary submitter (who would provide such information) is known. The manufacturer (including importer) must use the reporting tool described under § 705.35 to ask the supplier or other entity to provide the chemical identity directly to EPA in a joint submission. Such request must include instructions for submitting chemical identity information electronically, using e-CDRweb and CDX (see 40 CFR 711.35), and for clearly referencing the manufacturer’s (including importer) submission. Contact information for the supplier or other entity, a trade name or other designation for the chemical substance, and a copy of the request to the supplier or other entity must be included with the manufacturer’s (including importer) submission. If, after conducting due diligence and reviewing known or reasonably ascertainable information, a secondary submitter to complete the joint submission is not known, the reporter may indicate that the secondary submitter is NKRA. However, the PFAS manufacturer would be required to provide as much identifying detail as they have regarding the PFAS identity, and would be able to report to EPA without initiating a joint submission even if they do not know the underlying identity of the chemical substance.


(2) The physical form(s) of the PFAS as it is sent off-site from each site. If the PFAS is site-limited, you must report the physical form(s) of the PFAS at the time it is reacted on-site to produce a different chemical substance. For each PFAS at each site, the submitter must report as many physical forms as applicable from among the physical forms listed in this unit:


(i) Dry powder.


(ii) Pellets or large crystals.


(iii) Water- or solvent-wet solid.


(iv) Other solid.


(v) Gas or vapor.


(vi) Liquid.


(c) Categories of use. For each year since January 1, 2011, report the following information on categories of use of each chemical substance that is a PFAS manufactured for commercial purposes.


(1) Industrial processing and use information. A designation indicating the type of industrial processing or use operation(s) at each site that receives a PFAS from the submitter site directly or indirectly (whether the recipient site(s) are controlled by the submitter site or not). For each PFAS, report the letters which correspond to the appropriate processing or use operation(s) listed in table 2 to this paragraph (c)(1). A particular designation may need to be reported more than once, to the extent that a submitter reports more than one sector that applies to a given designation under this paragraph (c)(1).


Table 2 to Paragraph (c)(1)—Codes for Reporting Type of Industrial Processing or Use Operation

Designation
Operation
PCProcessing as a reactant.
PFProcessing—incorporation into formulation, mixture, or reaction product.
PAProcessing—incorporation into article.
PKProcessing—repackaging.
UUse—non-incorporative activities.

(2) Corresponding sector code. A code indicating the sector(s) that best describes the industrial activities associated with each industrial processing or use operation reported under this section. For each chemical substance, report the code that corresponds to the appropriate sector(s) listed in table 3 to this paragraph (c)(2). A particular sector code may need to be reported more than once, to the extent that a submitter reports more than one function code that applies to a given sector code under this paragraph (c)(2).


Table 3 to Paragraph (c)(2)—Codes for Reporting Industrial Sectors

Code
Sector description
IS1Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting.
IS2Oil and gas drilling, extraction, and support activities.
IS3Mining (except oil and gas) and support activities.
IS4Utilities.
IS5Construction.
IS6Food, beverage, and tobacco product manufacturing.
IS7Textiles, apparel, and leather manufacturing.
IS8Wood product manufacturing.
IS9Paper manufacturing.
IS10Printing and related support activities.
IS11Petroleum refineries.
IS12Asphalt paving, roofing, and coating materials manufacturing.
IS13Petroleum lubricating oil and grease manufacturing.
IS14All other petroleum and coal products manufacturing.
IS15Petrochemical manufacturing.
IS16Industrial gas manufacturing.
IS17Synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing.
IS18Carbon black manufacturing.
IS19All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing.
IS20Cyclic crude and intermediate manufacturing.
IS21All other basic organic chemical manufacturing.
IS22Plastics material and resin manufacturing.
IS23Synthetic rubber manufacturing.
IS24Organic fiber manufacturing.
IS25Pesticide, fertilizer, and other agricultural chemical manufacturing.
IS26Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing.
IS27Paint and coating manufacturing.
IS28Adhesive manufacturing.
IS29Soap, cleaning compound, and toilet preparation manufacturing.
IS30Printing ink manufacturing.
IS31Explosives manufacturing.
IS32Custom compounding of purchased resins.
IS33Photographic film, paper, plate, and chemical manufacturing.
IS34All other chemical product and preparation manufacturing.
IS35Plastics product manufacturing.
IS36Rubber product manufacturing.
IS37Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (includes cement, clay, concrete, glass, gypsum, lime, and other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing).
IS38Primary metal manufacturing.
IS39Fabricated metal product manufacturing.
IS40Machinery manufacturing.
IS41Computer and electronic product manufacturing.
IS42Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing.
IS43Transportation equipment manufacturing.
IS44Furniture and related product manufacturing.
IS45Miscellaneous manufacturing.
IS46Wholesale and retail trade.
IS47Services.
IS48Other (requires additional information).

(3) Corresponding function category. For each sector reported under paragraph (c)(2) of this section, the applicable code(s) from table 4 to this paragraph (c)(3) must be selected to designate the function category(ies) that best represents the specific manner in which the PFAS is used.


Table 4 to Paragraph (c)(3)—Codes for Reporting Function Categories

Code
Category
F001Abrasives.
F002Etching agent.
F003Adhesion/cohesion promoter.
F004Binder.
F005Flux agent.
F006Sealant (barrier).
F007Absorbent.
F008Adsorbent.
F009Dehydrating agent (desiccant).
F010Drier.
F011Humectant.
F012Soil amendments (fertilizers).
F013Anti-adhesive/cohesive.
F014Dusting agent.
F015Bleaching agent.
F016Brightener.
F017Anti-scaling agent.
F018Corrosion inhibitor.
F019Dye.
F020Fixing agent (mordant).
F021Hardener.
F022Filler.
F023Anti-static agent.
F024Softener and conditioner.
F025Swelling agent.
F026Tanning agents not otherwise specified.
F027Waterproofing agent.
F028Wrinkle resisting agent.
F029Flame retardant.
F030Fuel agents.
F031Fuel.
F032Heat transferring agent.
F033Hydraulic fluids.
F034Insulators.
F035Refrigerants.
F036Anti-freeze agent.
F037Intermediate.
F038Monomers.
F039Ion exchange agent.
F040Anti-slip agent.
F041Lubricating agent.
F042Deodorizer.
F043Fragrance.
F044Oxidizing agent.
F045Reducing agent.
F046Photosensitive agent.
F047Photosensitizers.
F048Semiconductor and photovoltaic agent.
F049UV stabilizer.
F050Opacifer.
F051Pigment.
F052Plasticizer.
F053Plating agent.
F054Catalyst.
F055Chain transfer agent.
F056Chemical reaction regulator.
F057Crystal growth modifiers (nucleating agents).
F058Polymerization promoter.
F059Terminator/Blocker.
F060Processing aids, specific to petroleum production.
F061Antioxidant.
F062Chelating agent.
F063Defoamer.
F064pH regulating agent.
F065Processing aids not otherwise specified.
F066Energy Releasers (explosives, motive propellant).
F067Foamant.
F068Propellants, non-motive (blowing agents).
F069Cloud-point depressant.
F070Flocculating agent.
F071Flotation agent.
F072Solids separation (precipitating) agent, not otherwise specified.
F073Cleaning agent.
F074Diluent.
F075Solvent.
F076Surfactant (surface active agent).
F077Emulsifier.
F078Thickening agent.
F079Viscosity modifiers.
F080Laboratory chemicals.
F081Dispersing agent.
F082Freeze-thaw additive.
F083Surface modifier.
F084Wetting agent (non-aqueous).
F085Aerating and deaerating agents.
F086Explosion inhibitor.
F087Fire extinguishing agent.
F088Flavoring and nutrient.
F089Anti-redeposition agent.
F090Anti-stain agent.
F091Anti-streaking agent.
F092Conductive agent.
F093Incandescent agent.
F094Magnetic element.
F095Anti-condensation agent.
F096Coalescing agent.
F097Film former.
F098Demulsifier.
F099Stabilizing agent.
F100Alloys.
F101Density modifier.
F102Elasticizer.
F103Flow promoter.
F104Sizing agent.
F105Solubility enhancer.
F106Vapor pressure modifiers.
F107Embalming agent.
F108Heat stabilizer.
F109Preservative.
F110Anti-caking agent.
F111Deflocculant.
F112Dust suppressant.
F113Impregnation agent.
F114Leaching agent.
F115Tracer.
F116X-ray absorber.
F999Other.

(4) Consumer and commercial use information. Using the applicable codes listed in table 5 to this paragraph (c)(4), submitters must designate the consumer and commercial product category(ies) that best describe the consumer and commercial products in which each PFAS is used (whether the recipient site(s) are controlled by the submitter site or not). If more than 10 codes apply to a PFAS, submitters need only report the 10 codes for PFAS that cumulatively represent the largest percentage of the submitter’s production volume for that chemical, measured by weight. If none of the listed consumer and commercial product categories accurately describes the consumer and commercial products in which each PFAS is used, the category “Other” may be used, and must include a description of the use.


Table 5 to Paragraph (c)(4)—Codes for Reporting Consumer and Commercial Product Categories

Code
Category
Chemical Substances in Furnishing, Cleaning, Treatment Care Products
CC101Construction and building materials covering large surface areas including stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles; fabrics, textiles, and apparel.
CC102Furniture & furnishings including plastic articles (soft); leather articles.
CC103Furniture & furnishings including stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles; metal articles; or rubber articles.
CC104Leather conditioner.
CC105Leather tanning, dye, finishing, impregnation and care products.
CC106Textile (fabric) dyes.
CC107Textile finishing and impregnating/surface treatment products.
CC108All-purpose foam spray cleaner.
CC109All-purpose liquid cleaner/polish.
CC110All-purpose liquid spray cleaner.
CC111All-purpose waxes and polishes.
CC112Appliance cleaners.
CC113Drain and toilet cleaners (liquid).
CC114Powder cleaners (floors).
CC115Powder cleaners (porcelain).
CC116Dishwashing detergent (liquid/gel).
CC117Dishwashing detergent (unit dose/granule).
CC118Dishwashing detergent liquid (hand-wash).
CC119Dry cleaning and associated products.
CC120Fabric enhancers.
CC121Laundry detergent (unit-dose/granule).
CC122Laundry detergent (liquid).
CC123Stain removers.
CC124Ion exchangers.
CC125Liquid water treatment products.
CC126Solid/Powder water treatment products.
CC127Liquid body soap.
CC128Liquid hand soap.
CC129Solid bar soap.
CC130Air fresheners for motor vehicles.
CC131Continuous action air fresheners.
CC132Instant action air fresheners.
CC133Anti-static spray.
CC134Apparel finishing, and impregnating/surface treatment products.
CC135Insect repellent treatment.
CC136Pre-market waxes, stains, and polishes applied to footwear.
CC137Post-market waxes, and polishes applied to footwear (shoe polish).
CC138Waterproofing and water-resistant sprays.
Chemical Substances in Construction, Paint, Electrical, and Metal Products
CC201Fillers and putties.
CC202Hot-melt adhesives.
CC203One-component caulks.
CC204Solder.
CC205Single-component glues and adhesives.
CC206Two-component caulks.
CC207Two-component glues and adhesives.
CC208Adhesive/Caulk removers.
CC209Aerosol spray paints.
CC210Lacquers, stains, varnishes and floor finishes.
CC211Paint strippers/removers.
CC212Powder coatings.
CC213Radiation curable coatings.
CC214Solvent-based paint.
CC215Thinners.
CC216Water-based paint.
CC217Construction and building materials covering large surface areas, including wood articles.
CC218Construction and building materials covering large surface areas, including paper articles; metal articles; stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles.
CC219Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles.
CC220Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electronic/electronic articles.
CC221Construction and building materials covering large surface areas, including metal articles.
CC222Electrical batteries and accumulators.
Chemical Substances in Packaging, Paper, Plastic, Toys, Hobby Products
CC990Non-TSCA use.
CC301Packaging (excluding food packaging), including paper articles.
CC302Other articles with routine direct contact during normal use, including paper articles.
CC303Packaging (excluding food packaging), including rubber articles; plastic articles (hard); plastic articles (soft).
CC304Other articles with routine direct contact during normal use including rubber articles; plastic articles (hard).
CC305Toys intended for children’s use (and child dedicated articles), including fabrics, textiles, and apparel; or plastic articles (hard).
CC306Adhesives applied at elevated temperatures.
CC307Cement/concrete.
CC308Crafting glue.
CC309Crafting paint (applied to body).
CC310Crafting paint (applied to craft).
CC311Fixatives and finishing spray coatings.
CC312Modelling clay.
CC313Correction fluid/tape.
CC314Inks in writing equipment (liquid).
CC315Inks used for stamps.
CC316Toner/Printer cartridge.
CC317Liquid photographic processing solutions.
Chemical Substances in Automotive, Fuel, Agriculture, Outdoor Use Products
CC401Exterior car washes and soaps.
CC402Exterior car waxes, polishes, and coatings.
CC403Interior car care.
CC404Touch up auto paint.
CC405Degreasers.
CC406Liquid lubricants and greases.
CC407Paste lubricants and greases.
CC408Spray lubricants and greases.
CC409Anti-freeze liquids.
CC410De-icing liquids.
CC411De-icing solids.
CC412Lock de-icers/releasers.
CC413Cooking and heating fuels.
CC414Fuel additives.
CC415Vehicular or appliance fuels.
CC416Explosive materials.
CC417Agricultural non-pesticidal products.
CC418Lawn and garden care products.
Chemical Substances in Products Not Described by Other Codes
CC980Other (specify).
CC990Non-TSCA use.

(5) Applicable codes for each commercial and consumer products. For each consumer and commercial product category reported under paragraph (c)(4) of this section, the applicable code(s) described in table 4 to paragraph (c)(3) of this section must be selected to designate the function category(ies) that best represents the specific manner in which the PFAS is used.


(6) Commercial and consumer products. Submitters must indicate, for each consumer and commercial product category reported under paragraph (c)(4) of this section, whether the use is a consumer or a commercial use, or both.


(7) Consumer product category. Submitters must determine, within each consumer and commercial product category reported under paragraph (c)(4) of this section, whether any amount of each reportable chemical substance manufactured (including imported) by the submitter is present in (for example, a plasticizer chemical substance used to make pacifiers) or on (for example, as a component in the paint on a toy) any consumer products intended for use by children age 14 or younger, regardless of the concentration of the chemical substance remaining in or on the product. Submitters must select from the following options: The chemical substance is used in or on any consumer products intended for use by children; the chemical substance is not used in or on any consumer products intended for use by children; or information as to whether the chemical substance is used in or on any consumer products intended for use by children is not known to or reasonably ascertainable by the submitter.


(8) Concentrations of PFAS. For each year where the PFAS is used in consumer or commercial products, the estimated typical maximum concentration, measured by weight, of the chemical substance in each consumer and commercial product category reported under paragraph (c)(4) of this section. For each PFAS in each commercial and consumer product category reported under paragraph (c)(4) of this section, submitters must select from among the ranges of concentrations listed in table 6 to this paragraph (c)(8) and report the corresponding code (i.e., M1 through M5):


Table 6 to Paragraph (c)(8)—Codes for Reporting Maximum Concentration of Chemical Substance

Code
Concentration range

(% weight)

M1Less than 1% by weight.
M2At least 1 but less than 30% by weight.
M3At least 30 but less than 60% by weight.
M4At least 60 but less than 90% by weight.
M5At least 90% by weight.

(d) Manufactured amounts. For each year since January 1, 2011, the total amounts manufactured of each PFAS, including the amounts manufactured in each calendar year for each category of use as described in paragraph (c) of this section.


(1) Total volume. For each year the PFAS was manufactured, the total annual volume (in pounds) of each PFAS domestically manufactured or imported at each site. The total annual domestically manufactured volume (not including imported volume) and the total annual imported volume must be separately reported. These amounts must be reported to two significant figures of accuracy.


(2) Site designation. A designation indicating, for each PFAS at each site, whether the imported PFAS is physically present at the reporting site.


(3) Volume imported. The volume directly exported of each PFAS domestically manufactured or imported at each site. These amounts must be reported to two significant figures of accuracy.


(4) Production volume. The estimated percentage, rounded off to the closest 10 percent, of total production volume of the reportable chemical substance associated with each combination of industrial processing or use operation, sector, and function category as reported in paragraph (c) of this section. Where a particular combination of industrial processing or use operation, sector, and function category accounts for less than 5 percent of the submitter’s site’s total production volume of a reportable chemical substance, the percentage must not be rounded off to 0 percent. Instead, in such a case, submitters must report the percentage, rounded off to the closest 1 percent, of the submitter’s site’s total production volume of the reportable chemical substance associated with the particular c